Maternal and Child Health Journal
Springer Science+Business Media
About: Maternal and Child Health Journal is an academic journal published by Springer Science+Business Media. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Public health & Population. It has an ISSN identifier of 1092-7875. Over the lifetime, 3903 publications have been published receiving 106874 citations. The journal is also known as: Journal of Maternal and Child Health.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: These objectives and their associated baseline data and targets for the year 2010 are presented and members of the MCH community are encouraged to review and comment on these objectives during the public comment period.
Abstract: In the year 2000, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services will release Healthy People 2010, the third set of health-promotion and disease-prevention objectives for the nation. One of the focus areas within these objectives is maternal and infant health. This focus area comprises objectives addressing maternal health status and risk factors; infant health status, risk factors, and outcomes; and the use of essential health services by pregnant women, infants, and women of childbearing age. The objectives in this focus area were developed by a multidisciplinary, interagency working group coordinated by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau. The workgroup proposed 39 objectives in 12 clusters. This article presents these objectives and their associated baseline data and targets for the year 2010. Members of the MCH community are encouraged to review and comment on these objectives during the public comment period.
TL;DR: Future research on racial disparities in birth outcomes needs to examine differential exposures to risk and protective factors not only during pregnancy, but over the life course of women.
Abstract: Background: In the United States, Black infants have significantly worse birth outcomes than do White infants. The cause of these persisting racial disparities remains unexplained. Most extant studies focus on differential exposures to protective and risk factors during pregnancy, such as current socioeconomic status, maternal risky behaviors, prenatal care, psychosocial stress, or perinatal infections. These risk factors during pregnancy, however, do not adequately account for the disparities. Methods: We conducted a literature review for longitudinal models of health disparities, and presented a synthesis of two leading models, using a life-course perspective. Traditional risk factors during pregnancy are then reexamined within their life-course context. We conclude with a discussion of the limitations and implications of the life-course perspective for future research, practice, and policy development. Results: Two leading longitudinal models of health disparities were identified and discussed. The early programming model posits that exposures in early life could influence future reproductive potential. The cumulative pathways model conceptualizes decline in reproductive health resulting from cumulative wear and tear to the body's allostatic systems. We propose a synthesis of these two models, using the life-course perspective. Disparities in birth outcomes are the consequences of differential developmental trajectories set forth by early life experiences and cumulative allostatic load over the life course. Conclusions: Future research on racial disparities in birth outcomes needs to examine differential exposures to risk and protective factors not only during pregnancy, but over the life course of women. Eliminating disparities requires interventions and policy development that are more longitudinally and contextually integrated than currently prevail.
TL;DR: The core principles of FCC in pediatric health care are enumerated, recent advances applying FCC principles to clinical practice are described, and an agenda for practitioners, hospitals, and health care groups to translate FCC into improved health outcomes, health care delivery, andhealth care system transformation is proposed.
Abstract: Family-centered care (FCC) is a partnership approach to health care decision-making between the family and health care provider. FCC is considered the standard of pediatric health care by many clinical practices, hospitals, and health care groups. Despite widespread endorsement, FCC continues to be insufficiently implemented into clinical practice. In this paper we enumerate the core principles of FCC in pediatric health care, describe recent advances applying FCC principles to clinical practice, and propose an agenda for practitioners, hospitals, and health care groups to translate FCC into improved health outcomes, health care delivery, and health care system transformation.
TL;DR: The LCHD approach can serve to highlight the foundational importance of MCH, moving it from the margins of national debate to the forefront of healthcare reform efforts, and suggestions for innovations that could accelerate the translation of health development principles into MCH practice are suggested.
Abstract: During the latter half of the twentieth century, an explosion of research elucidated a growing number of causes of disease and contributors to health. Biopsychosocial models that accounted for the wide range of factors influencing health began to replace outmoded and overly simplified biomedical models of disease causation. More recently, models of lifecourse health development (LCHD) have synthesized research from biological, behavioral and social science disciplines, defined health development as a dynamic process that begins before conception and continues throughout the lifespan, and paved the way for the creation of novel strategies aimed at optimization of individual and population health trajectories. As rapid advances in epigenetics and biological systems research continue to inform and refine LCHD models, our healthcare delivery system has struggled to keep pace, and the gulf between knowledge and practice has widened. This paper attempts to chart the evolution of the LCHD framework, and illustrate its potential to transform how the MCH system addresses social, psychological, biological, and genetic influences on health, eliminates health disparities, reduces chronic illness, and contains healthcare costs. The LCHD approach can serve to highlight the foundational importance of MCH, moving it from the margins of national debate to the forefront of healthcare reform efforts. The paper concludes with suggestions for innovations that could accelerate the translation of health development principles into MCH practice.
TL;DR: An enhanced delivery identification method based on additional delivery-related codes was developed and the performance of the enhanced method with the V27 method in identifying estimates of deliveries as well as estimates of maternal morbidity was compared.
Abstract: Objectives The accuracy of maternal morbidity estimates from hospital discharge data may be influenced by incomplete identification of deliveries. In maternal/infant health studies, obstetric deliveries are often identified only by the maternal outcome of delivery code (International Classification of Diseases code = V27). We developed an enhanced delivery identification method based on additional delivery-related codes and compared the performance of the enhanced method with the V27 method in identifying estimates of deliveries as well as estimates of maternal morbidity. Methods The enhanced and standard V27 methods for identifying deliveries were applied to data from the 1998–2004 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Inpatient Sample, an annual nationwide representative survey of U.S. hospitalizations. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) from logistic regression were used to examine predictors of deliveries not identified using the V27 method. Results The enhanced method identified 958,868 (3.4%) more deliveries than the 27,128,539 identified using the V27 code alone. Severe complications including major puerperal infections (OR = 3.1, 95% CI 2.8–3.4), hysterectomy (OR = 6.0, 95% CI 5.3–6.8), sepsis (OR = 11.9, 95% CI 10.3–13.6) and respiratory distress syndrome (OR = 16.6, 95% CI 14.4–19.2) were strongly associated with deliveries not identified by the V27 method. Nationwide prevalence rates of severe maternal complications were underestimated with the V27 method compared to the enhanced method, ranging from 9% underestimation for major puerperal infections to 40% underestimation for respiratory distress syndrome. Conclusion Deliveries with severe obstetric complications may be more likely to be missed using the V27 code. Researchers should be aware that selecting deliveries from hospital stay records by V27 codes alone may affect the accuracy of their findings.