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JournalISSN: 0025-7079

Medical Care

About: Medical Care is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Health care & Population. It has an ISSN identifier of 0025-7079. Over the lifetime, 8068 publication(s) have been published receiving 531451 citation(s). more

Topics: Health care, Population, Ambulatory care more

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1097/00005650-199206000-00002
01 Jun 1992-Medical Care
Abstract: A 36-item short-form (SF-36) was constructed to survey health status in the Medical Outcomes Study. The SF-36 was designed for use in clinical practice and research, health policy evaluations, and general population surveys. The SF-36 includes one multi-item scale that assesses eight health concepts: 1) limitations in physical activities because of health problems; 2) limitations in social activities because of physical or emotional problems; 3) limitations in usual role activities because of physical health problems; 4) bodily pain; 5) general mental health (psychological distress and well-being); 6) limitations in usual role activities because of emotional problems; 7) vitality (energy and fatigue); and 8) general health perceptions. The survey was constructed for self-administration by persons 14 years of age and older, and for administration by a trained interviewer in person or by telephone. The history of the development of the SF-36, the origin of specific items, and the logic underlying their selection are summarized. The content and features of the SF-36 are compared with the 20-item Medical Outcomes Study short-form. more

Topics: Health services research (58%), Health equity (58%), Health policy (58%) more

31,597 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1097/00005650-199603000-00003
28 Feb 1996-Medical Care
Abstract: Regression methods were used to select and score 12 items from the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) to reproduce the Physical Component Summary and Mental Component Summary scales in the general US population (n=2,333). The resulting 12-item short-form (SF-12) achieved multiple R squares of 0.911 and 0.918 in predictions of the SF-36 Physical Component Summary and SF-36 Mental Component Summary scores, respectively. Scoring algorithms from the general population used to score 12-item versions of the two components (Physical Components Summary and Mental Component Summary) achieved R squares of 0.905 with the SF-36 Physical Component Summary and 0.938 with SF-36 Mental Component Summary when cross-validated in the Medical Outcomes Study. Test-retest (2-week)correlations of 0.89 and 0.76 were observed for the 12-item Physical Component Summary and the 12-item Mental Component Summary, respectively, in the general US population (n=232). Twenty cross-sectional and longitudinal tests of empirical validity previously published for the 36-item short-form scales and summary measures were replicated for the 12-item Physical Component Summary and the 12-item Mental Component Summary, including comparisons between patient groups known to differ or to change in terms of the presence and seriousness of physical and mental conditions, acute symptoms, age and aging, self-reported 1-year changes in health, and recovery for depression. In 14 validity tests involving physical criteria, relative validity estimates for the 12-item Physical Component Summary ranged from 0.43 to 0.93 (median=0.67) in comparison with the best 36-item short-form scale. Relative validity estimates for the 12-item Mental Component Summary in 6 tests involving mental criteria ranged from 0.60 to 107 (median=0.97) in relation to the best 36-item short-form scale. Average scores for the 2 summary measures, and those for most scales in the 8-scale profile based on the 12-item short-form, closely mirrored those for the 36-item short-form, although standard errors were nearly always larger for the 12-item short-form. more

Topics: Population (52%)

13,193 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1097/00005650-199303000-00006
01 Mar 1993-Medical Care
Abstract: Cross-sectional data from the Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) were analyzed to test the validity of the MOS 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) scales as measures of physical and mental health constructs. Results from traditional psychometric and clinical tests of validity were compared. Principal more

Topics: Validity (62%), Mental health (52%), SF-36 (51%)

8,104 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1097/00005650-199801000-00004
01 Jan 1998-Medical Care
Abstract: Objectives.This study attempts to develop a comprehensive set of comorbidity measures for use with large administrative inpatient datasets.Methods.The study involved clinical and empirical review of comorbidity measures, development of a framework that attempts to segregate comorbidities from other more

Topics: Comorbidity (54%)

6,774 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1097/01.MLR.0000182534.19832.83
Hude Quan1, Vijaya Sundararajan, Patricia Halfon2, Andrew Fong1  +6 moreInstitutions (3)
01 Nov 2005-Medical Care
Abstract: Objectives:Implementation of the International Statistical Classification of Disease and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision (ICD-10) coding system presents challenges for using administrative data. Recognizing this, we conducted a multistep process to develop ICD-10 coding algorithms to define C more

Topics: ICD-10 (51%), Poison control (50%)

6,319 Citations

No. of papers from the Journal in previous years

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Journal's top 5 most impactful authors

Ron D. Hays

59 papers, 8.9K citations

Paul D. Cleary

35 papers, 2.5K citations

Dana B. Mukamel

27 papers, 1.2K citations

John E. Ware

21 papers, 5.1K citations

Arlene S. Ash

20 papers, 780 citations

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