Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals
About: Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Liquid crystal & Phase (matter). It has an ISSN identifier of 1542-1406. Over the lifetime, 20613 publication(s) have been published receiving 178889 citation(s).
Topics: Liquid crystal, Phase (matter), Mesophase, Phase transition, Mesogen
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this paper, the qulnoid-benzenoid-diimine form is doped by dilute aqueous protonic acids to the metallic regime to give the corresponding iminium salt.
Abstract: “Polyaniline” has been synthesized in various forms both chemically and electrochemically in aqueous media. The qulnoid-benzenoid-diimine form, an insulator, is doped by dilute aqueous protonic acids to the metallic regime ([sgrave] = 5 ohm−1cm−1; compressed pellet) to give the corresponding iminium salt. This represents a new type of p-doping phenomenon in a conducting polymer. Both these forms are stable in the presence of air and/or water. The doping process is reversed by treatment with aqueous alkali. Cyclic voltammetry studies in an aqueous electrolyte show excellent reversibility between selected reduced and oxidized forms of polyaniline.
TL;DR: In this article, the authors assume that the local state of order in the isotropic phase is a symmetric traceless tensor Qαβ, proportional to the anisotropic part of a tensor property such as the magnetic susceptibility.
Abstract: We assume that (1) the local state of order in the isotropic phase is a symmetric traceless tensor Qαβ, proportional to the anisotropic part of a tensor property such as the magnetic susceptibility; (2) the free energy may be expanded in powers of Qαβ and of its gradients. This allows a unified description covering the anomalous magnetic birefringence, the intensity of light scattering, and the properties of the nematic/isotropic interface. For a cholesteric, although the optical rotation is huge in the ordered phase, we predict that it should not be anomalous just above the transition point Tc. We also investigate the dynamics of fluctuations of Qαβ, and discuss the flow birefringence, the frequency width of the Rayleigh scattering, and the attenuation of ultrasonic shear waves, in terms of 3 viscosity coefficients.
TL;DR: In this paper, the quinoid-benzenoid-diimine form of polyaniline was used as an anode in conjunction with a Pb02 cathode in an aqueous 0.5M Pb(BF4)2 electrolyte.
Abstract: The quinoid-benzenoid-diimine form, (=(C6H4)=N-(C6H4)-N=)x of “polyaniline” shows excellent cathode characteristics including recyclability when used in conjunction with a zinc anode in an aqueous electrolyte of (l. 0M ZnCl2 + 0. 5M NH4Cl) having a pH of ∼ 4. The reduced form of this material, (-(C6H4)-N(H)-(C6H4)-N(H)-)x can be used as an anode in conjunction with a Pb02 cathode in an aqueous 0.5M Pb(BF4)2 electrolyte.
TL;DR: An overview of polymer dispersed liquid crystal (PDLC) materials, their physical properties, and potential applications in the optic and electrooptic industry is presented in this article, with a focus on optical and optical properties.
Abstract: An overview of polymer dispersed liquid crystal (PDLC) materials, their physical properties, and potential applications in the optic and electrooptic industry is presented. These optoelectronic materials have unique properties which are expected to expand liquid crystal technology into new display and light shutter applications. Recent research by small and large industrial and university laboratories on device physics and chemistry has provided substantial progress towards the commercialization of these materials. Work to date on such features as response times, switching voltage, and contrast as well as material preparation procedures and unique optical characteristics will be reviewed. These materials are also of interest to basic physics because of new kinds of physical phenomena brought on by the confinement of a nematic liquid crystal to small submicron-size droplets. Enhanced surface-to-volume ratio, large nematic deformations and problems associated with molecular anchoring at a polymer w...
TL;DR: In this article, optical spectroscopy studies of both the electrochemically oxidized and the neutral polymer suggest the presence of highly mobile spins, consistent with the α,α' bonding in these polymers.
Abstract: Oxidized and neutral films of polypyrrole have been prepared electrochemically in the absence of oxygen and water. The neutral films are insulating and can be readily oxidized by chemical oxidizing agents to give films of greater conductivity than can be achieved by electrochemical oxidation. Optical spectroscopy provides evidence for the similarity of the polymeric carbonium ion produced by both types of oxidation. NMR studies are consistent with the α,α’ bonding in these polymers; they also show the expected downfield shifts relative to the neutral polymer on both chemical and electrochemical oxidation. ESR studies of both the electrochemically oxidized and the neutral polymer suggest the presence of highly mobile spins.
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