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JournalISSN: 1476-1122

Nature Materials

About: Nature Materials is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Spintronics & Graphene. It has an ISSN identifier of 1476-1122. Over the lifetime, 4774 publication(s) have been published receiving 1112156 citation(s). more

Topics: Spintronics, Graphene, Superconductivity more

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NMAT1849
Andre K. Geim1, Kostya S. Novoselov1Institutions (1)
01 Mar 2007-Nature Materials
Abstract: Graphene is a rapidly rising star on the horizon of materials science and condensed-matter physics. This strictly two-dimensional material exhibits exceptionally high crystal and electronic quality, and, despite its short history, has already revealed a cornucopia of new physics and potential applications, which are briefly discussed here. Whereas one can be certain of the realness of applications only when commercial products appear, graphene no longer requires any further proof of its importance in terms of fundamental physics. Owing to its unusual electronic spectrum, graphene has led to the emergence of a new paradigm of 'relativistic' condensed-matter physics, where quantum relativistic phenomena, some of which are unobservable in high-energy physics, can now be mimicked and tested in table-top experiments. More generally, graphene represents a conceptually new class of materials that are only one atom thick, and, on this basis, offers new inroads into low-dimensional physics that has never ceased to surprise and continues to provide a fertile ground for applications. more

Topics: Graphene antenna (57%), Graphene nanoribbons (53%), Bilayer graphene (52%) more

32,822 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NMAT2297
Patrice Simon1, Patrice Simon2, Yury Gogotsi3Institutions (3)
01 Nov 2008-Nature Materials
Abstract: Electrochemical capacitors, also called supercapacitors, store energy using either ion adsorption (electrochemical double layer capacitors) or fast surface redox reactions (pseudo-capacitors). They can complement or replace batteries in electrical energy storage and harvesting applications, when high power delivery or uptake is needed. A notable improvement in performance has been achieved through recent advances in understanding charge storage mechanisms and the development of advanced nanostructured materials. The discovery that ion desolvation occurs in pores smaller than the solvated ions has led to higher capacitance for electrochemical double layer capacitors using carbon electrodes with subnanometre pores, and opened the door to designing high-energy density devices using a variety of electrolytes. Combination of pseudo-capacitive nanomaterials, including oxides, nitrides and polymers, with the latest generation of nanostructured lithium electrodes has brought the energy density of electrochemical capacitors closer to that of batteries. The use of carbon nanotubes has further advanced micro-electrochemical capacitors, enabling flexible and adaptable devices to be made. Mathematical modelling and simulation will be the key to success in designing tomorrow's high-energy and high-power devices. more

Topics: Supercapacitor (66%), Capacitor (58%), Pseudocapacitance (55%) more

12,902 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NMAT2317
Xinchen Wang1, Kazuhiko Maeda2, Arne Thomas1, Kazuhiro Takanabe2  +4 moreInstitutions (2)
01 Jan 2009-Nature Materials
Abstract: The production of hydrogen from water using a catalyst and solar energy is an ideal future energy source, independent of fossil reserves. For an economical use of water and solar energy, catalysts that are sufficiently efficient, stable, inexpensive and capable of harvesting light are required. Here, we show that an abundant material, polymeric carbon nitride, can produce hydrogen from water under visible-light irradiation in the presence of a sacrificial donor. Contrary to other conducting polymer semiconductors, carbon nitride is chemically and thermally stable and does not rely on complicated device manufacturing. The results represent an important first step towards photosynthesis in general where artificial conjugated polymer semiconductors can be used as energy transducers. more

Topics: Energy source (59%), Photocatalytic water splitting (56%), Hydrogen production (56%) more

7,884 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NMAT1368
01 May 2005-Nature Materials
Abstract: New materials hold the key to fundamental advances in energy conversion and storage, both of which are vital in order to meet the challenge of global warming and the finite nature of fossil fuels. Nanomaterials in particular offer unique properties or combinations of properties as electrodes and electrolytes in a range of energy devices. This review describes some recent developments in the discovery of nanoelectrolytes and nanoelectrodes for lithium batteries, fuel cells and supercapacitors. The advantages and disadvantages of the nanoscale in materials design for such devices are highlighted. more

7,703 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NMAT2090
G. Jeffrey Snyder1, Eric S. Toberer1Institutions (1)
01 Feb 2008-Nature Materials
Abstract: Thermoelectric materials, which can generate electricity from waste heat or be used as solid-state Peltier coolers, could play an important role in a global sustainable energy solution. Such a development is contingent on identifying materials with higher thermoelectric efficiency than available at present, which is a challenge owing to the conflicting combination of material traits that are required. Nevertheless, because of modern synthesis and characterization techniques, particularly for nanoscale materials, a new era of complex thermoelectric materials is approaching. We review recent advances in the field, highlighting the strategies used to improve the thermopower and reduce the thermal conductivity. more

7,699 Citations

No. of papers from the Journal in previous years

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Journal's top 5 most impactful authors

Philip Ball

191 papers, 607 citations

Pep Pàmies

31 papers, 63 citations

Kenji Watanabe

16 papers, 5K citations

Takashi Taniguchi

13 papers, 3.5K citations

David J. Mooney

12 papers, 3.7K citations

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