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Showing papers in "Nurse Researcher in 2007"


Journal Article
TL;DR: This book will be essential reading for all those who loved (or loathed) the arguments developed in Realistic Evaluation and offers a complete blueprint for research synthesis, supported by detailed illustrations and worked examples from across the policy waterfront.
Abstract: Author Ray Pawson presents a devastating critique of the dominant approach to systematic review namely the 'meta-analytic' approach as sponsored by the Cochrane and Campbell collaborations. In its place is commended an approach that he terms 'realist synthesis'. On this vision, the real purpose of systematic review is better to understand program theory, so that policies Author Ray Pawson presents a devastating critique of the dominant approach to systematic review namely the 'meta-analytic' approach as sponsored by the Cochrane and Campbell collaborations. In its place is commended an approach that he terms 'realist synthesis'. On this vision, the real purpose of systematic review is better to understand program theory, so that policies can be properly targeted and developed to counter an ever-changing landscape of social problems. The book will be essential reading for all those who loved (or loathed) the arguments developed in Realistic Evaluation (Sage, 1997). It offers a complete blueprint for research synthesis, supported by detailed illustrations and worked examples from across the policy waterfront.

1,037 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The development and testing of a self-rating scale of self-directed learning in higher education is reported on, and how it might be used in practice in order to enhance the requisite skills for becoming independent and lifelong learners is considered.
Abstract: In order to realise their full potential as learners, it is essential that students have good self-directed learning skills. It is also important that students develop their own roles in learning by continuously monitoring their own learning progress, identifying areas of deficit and making a conscious effort towards self-improvement. In this paper, Swapna Naskar Williamson reports on the development and testing of a self-rating scale of self-directed learning in higher education, and considers how it might be used in practice in order to enhance the requisite skills for becoming independent and lifelong learners.

208 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The background and main characteristics of focus groups are introduced, their uses, and the benefits and limitations associated with the use are discussed, as well as how one of the authors applied focus groups in their own research studies are provided.
Abstract: The literature suggests that prior to the 1950s, focus groups were almost unknown within the social sciences. Today research studies using focus groups are gaining appeal in academic journals. Likewise, they are being used quite extensively outside academic environments. The aim of this paper by Elizabeth Ann Curtis and Richard Redmond is threefold. Firstly, it introduces the background and main characteristics of focus groups, outlines their uses, and discusses the planning and preparation of focus groups. Secondly it discusses the benefits and limitations associated with the use of focus groups. Thirdly it provides an example of how one of the authors applied focus groups in their own research studies.

111 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Wendy Walker examines some important ethical issues that researchers need to consider before and during phenomenological research.
Abstract: Wendy Walker examines some important ethical issues that researchers need to consider before and during phenomenological research. She argues that failure to address such issues means putting at risk the rights of research participants.

83 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Maxine Simmons reflects on her experiences as an 'insider' ethnographer - a senior manager undertaking research with nurse consultants within her own employing organisation - and the issues that arose as a result.
Abstract: Maxine Simmons reflects on her experiences as an 'insider' ethnographer - a senior manager undertaking research with nurse consultants within her own employing organisation - and the issues that arose as a result.

82 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Helen Close1
TL;DR: With reference to her own study of children with long-term conditions, Helen Close considers whether photography as a research method can be both valuable and ethical.
Abstract: With reference to her own study of children with long-term conditions, Helen Close considers whether photography as a research method can be both valuable and ethical.

80 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Cristina Vivar has developed a 17-step process to describe the development of a qualitative research project that can serve as an easy way to start research and to ensure a comprehensive and thorough proposal.
Abstract: The aim of this article is to illustrate in detail important issues that research beginners may have to deal with during the design of a qualitative research proposal in nursing and health care. Cristina Vivar has developed a 17-step process to describe the development of a qualitative research project. This process can serve as an easy way to start research and to ensure a comprehensive and thorough proposal.

70 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Some circumstances in which focus groups should be used with caution, if at all are suggested, and a review of literature published from 1985 to 2004 is described.
Abstract: The use of focus groups as a method of nursing research has increased substantially over the past 20 years. In this paper, Brenda Happell describes a review of literature published from 1985 to 2004. Multiple uses are described for the focus-group approach, it may, for example, as a method in its own right and as a precursor to other methodological approaches. Advantages and disadvantages of focus groups as a research method are frequently considered. However, a rationale for the use of the method is frequently not provided, making it difficult to determine the extent to which the use of the method reflects the appropriateness, rather than the popularity of the approach. This paper suggests some circumstances in which focus groups should be used with caution, if at all.

57 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Research with older adults involves unique challenges, says US-based researcher Cynthia S Jacelon, but it offers benefits to both researcher and subjects, providing negative stereotypes can be overcome.
Abstract: Research with older adults involves unique challenges, says US-based researcher Cynthia S Jacelon, but it offers benefits to both researcher and subjects, providing negative stereotypes can be overcome.

45 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Fiona Elizabeth Irvine and colleagues describe the experiences of researchers undertaking the qualitative phase of a study of Japanese and UK nurse educators, and consider the measures that can be taken to enhance the rigour of transcultural research.
Abstract: If nurses are to undertake rigorous transcultural research, they must take account of the cultural and linguistic diversity of the countries in which they propose to complete their work. Fiona Elizabeth Irvine and colleagues describe the experiences of researchers undertaking the qualitative phase of a study of Japanese and UK nurse educators, and consider the measures that can be taken to enhance the rigour of transcultural research.

44 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This article draws on the primary author's experiences of conducting a critical ethnographic study within the emergency department where she works, resulting in a 'troubling' of the ethnographic field.
Abstract: This article draws on the primary author's experiences of conducting a critical ethnographic study within the emergency department where she works. Extracts from her journal entries illustrate the tensions that emerged. These are theorised and discussed, resulting in a 'troubling' of the ethnographic field.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Deborah Roberts argues that studying a group of students known to the researcher is anything but convenient, and makes a case for more researchers to study their own students.
Abstract: In a 2004 paper, Martin Johnson suggested that 'too many of us study our own students for reasons that can only be explained by excessive convenience'. Here, Deborah Roberts argues that studying a group of students known to the researcher is anything but convenient. Rather, it requires careful consideration and skill. She makes a case for more researchers to study their own students.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The paper explores ways of overcoming recruitment and method issues during the pilot phase of a study, and presents a number of recommendations for the practice and conduct of focus groups.
Abstract: In this paper, Isis Lioba Howatson-Jones reviews some of the dilemmas experienced in arranging focus groups, particularly for the novice researcher and draws upon a pilot research project on qualified nurses' learning as illustration. The paper explores ways of overcoming recruitment and method issues during the pilot phase of a study, and presents a number of recommendations for the practice and conduct of focus groups.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A technological resource that pervades modern social life and which can be used effectively for digitally recording interviews for qualitative research is examined.
Abstract: Digital technology has provided a new way of recording qualitative interviews, surpassing the clarity, usability and storage capabilities of conventional tape recorders. Ritin Fernandez and Rhonda Griffiths examine a technological resource that pervades modern social life and which can be used effectively for digitally recording interviews for qualitative research.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is argued that there are two fundamental ideas behind evidence-based nursing practice in the UK and the tensions within them are looked at.
Abstract: Sue Taylor and Davina Allen argue that there are two fundamental ideas behind evidence-based nursing practice in the UK and look at the tensions within them.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Being a 'familiar face' among the department's staff raises a number of methodological and ethical questions that are explored here.
Abstract: Karen Clancy, a nurse consultant but a novice researcher reflects on her study of patients with respiratory disease living at home with long-term oxygen therapy. She explores the dual role of researcher and clinician, and concludes with suggestions designed to help other novice researchers.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Julie McGarry considers questions that arise from the notion of 'rapport' between researcher and participant--questions that the literature has generally tended to avoid.
Abstract: Julie McGarry examines some of the issues associated with relationships that develop in ethnographic research. In particular, she considers questions that arise from the notion of 'rapport' between researcher and participant--questions that the literature has generally tended to avoid.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: John Alcock and Ron Iphofen examine a method to assist with interview transcription using free, open source computer software and digital recordings and consider some underlying practical, ethical and philosophical issues.
Abstract: John Alcock and Ron Iphofen examine a method to assist with interview transcription using free, open source computer software and digital recordings, and consider some underlying practical, ethical and philosophical issues.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Cluster analysis is a valuable tool to tease out patterns in data that are not initially evident in bivariate analyses and thus should be considered as a viable option for nursing research, reports Llinos Haf Spencer.
Abstract: Llinos Haf Spencer reports on the use of the cluster analysis statistical technique in nursing research and uses data from the Welsh Language Awareness in Healthcare Provision in Wales survey as an exemplar She concludes that cluster analysis is a valuable tool to tease out patterns in data that are not initially evident in bivariate analyses and thus should be considered as a viable option for nursing research.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Caryl Skene uses a model of reflection to revisit her experience as a novice researcher and highlights the skills required to undertake qualitative research and suggests that nursing experience alone does not equip a researcher with those skills.
Abstract: Caryl Skene uses a model of reflection to revisit her experience as a novice researcher In doing so, she highlights the skills required to undertake qualitative research and suggests that nursing experience alone does not equip a researcher with those skills. A significant part of her reflection concentrates on the relationship between the researcher and the research, and the impact it may have on the research process and on those involved in it.


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This book seemed ideal for healthcare professionals interested in developing public involvement or community development strategies, but on closer inspection, however, the book is not.
Abstract: On first perusal, this book seemed ideal for healthcare professionals interested in developing public involvement or community development strategies. On closer inspection, however, the book is.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Experiential alertness conforms to Annells's (1996) belief that Strauss and Corbin's techniques encourage the use of one's own experience and acquired knowledge to advantage, rather than seeing it as an obstruction, although caution is advised that it should not block out seeing what is significant in the data.
Abstract: In this paper, Stephan Kirby demonstrates and explores an approach to grounded theory research within the segregation unit of a high secure prison. The paper illustrates how he used 'experiential alertness' (EA) to promote the effective use of grounded theory. Experiential alertness is a term created to explain and explore the positive use and application of contextually developed experience and how this impacts dynamically on the research process being undertaken. In this sense it is considered to be experience and knowledge derived from and combined with the effects of a specific environment and context. The paper also explores how EA supports and complements Strauss and Corbin's approach to grounded theory. As such, EA conforms to Annells's (1996) belief that Strauss and Corbin's techniques encourage the use of one's own experience and acquired knowledge to advantage, rather than seeing it as an obstruction, although caution is advised that it should not block out seeing what is significant in the data.


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Colin Macduff presents a brief review of the use of typologies within nursing literature, and seven fundamental questions about the nature and purpose of typology are addressed.
Abstract: The generation and use of typologies is a familiar, but taken for granted, aspect of nursing discourse. In a previous article in Nurse Researcher, Colin Macduff analysed the construction, development and testing of a typology. In this paper, he presents a brief review of the use of typologies within nursing literature. Seven fundamental questions about the nature and purpose of typologies are addressed. The review process leads to two new typologies being presented. The first relates to the behaviour of typologies within nursing literature, while the second seeks to classify typologies that have been generated within nursing literature

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The journey of discovery made by two of her higher degree research students, Susan White and Sonia Reisenhofer, in choosing an appropriate methodology for their respective qualitative studies is outlined.
Abstract: In this article, Carmel Seibold explores the unique relationship between supervisor and student in one aspect of the supervision process: choosing a methodology It outlines the journey of discovery made by two of her higher degree research students, Susan White and Sonia Reisenhofer, in choosing an appropriate methodology for their respective qualitative studies

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This study explored the factors that determine the time interval between men suffering the onset of erectile disorder and their presentation for treatment.
Abstract: This study by Sangan Sookdeb explored the factors that determine the time interval between men suffering the onset of erectile disorder and their presentation for treatment. As prognosis is considered to be related negatively to the length of time a man suffers erectile disorder understanding factors that delay presentation may identify changes in practice methods that will encourage earlier presentation.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The purpose of the study was to explore the effects of interventions in the emergency department on outcomes of hospitalisation for cases admitted to intensive care directly from an emergency department.
Abstract: Karen Clark and Loretta Normile describe the approach of analysis of variables for outcomes research. The purpose of the study was to explore the effects of interventions in the emergency department on outcomes of hospitalisation for cases admitted to intensive care directly from an emergency department.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This article by Brenda Happell, intended especially for novice presenters, aims to help nurses decide the most appropriate conference at which to present.
Abstract: Conference presentations provide a potentially valuable means of encouraging more nurses to contribute to the development of nursing knowledge. This article by Brenda Happell, intended especially for novice presenters, aims to help nurses decide the most appropriate conference at which to present.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This book does what it says on the cover in that it presents, in notation form, an overview of accountability.
Abstract: My knowledge and understanding of accountability is limited to the everyday, and could best be described as a 'working knowledge'. Thus, I came to this book with an open mind to see if it could fill knowledge gaps. It does what it says on the cover in that it presents, in notation form, an overview of accountability.