Old Testament essays
About: Old Testament essays is an academic journal published by OTSSA. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Old Testament & Hebrew Bible. It has an ISSN identifier of 1010-9919. Over the lifetime, 882 publications have been published receiving 3437 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: The authors assesses the correlation between patriarchy and violence against women using ancient Israel and Africa as contexts, and suggests that women abuse is a personality disorder characterised by aggression against women, alcoholism and drug abuse.
Abstract: It is often claimed that women abuse inevitably emanates from patriarchy. Using ancient Israel and Africa as contexts, this article assesses the correlation between patriarchy and violence against women. The article suggests in these contexts, it is not all men are who are perpetrators of women abuse; rather, there is evidence of female perpetrators of sexual violence against men; and that in the ancient and modern societies, there is also homosexual violence. Rather than patriarchy, the major cause of women abuse is a personality disorder characterised, among other traits, by aggression against women, alcoholism and drug abuse – the latter two traits are often responsible for women abuse. Being accustomed to domestic violence from youth and low socio-economic status are also causes of women abuse.
TL;DR: In this paper, the Abrahamic and Mosaic covenants provide a framework through which every other person could embrace Yahweh, the God of Israel as his/her God.
Abstract: This article is divided into two major parts; each is published separately. Part I dealt with the conflict between the golah (exile) community and the am ha'arets (people of the land) regarding the exclusive religious, political and social reforms of Ezra and Nehemiah. The author argued that the conception of 'Yahweh's people' lay behind the tension between the two above-named groups. Consequently, two theological perspectives emerged in Ezra and Nehemiah on the concept of 'Yahweh's people' and other nations. One is exclusive, the other is inclusive. What follows here is Part II. This part demonstrates that the Abrahamic and the Mosaic covenants provide a framework through which every other person could embrace Yahweh, the God of Israel as his/her God. Therefore, Yahweh cannot be confined to a single group of people, race or nation as presupposed by the leaders of the early postexilic Jewish community in Ezra and Nehemiah.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors explore the inner debate on violence within Deuteronomy and the canon within its contemporary context, as well as in terms of its reception in some scholarly commentaries in the (post-) modern world.
Abstract: In recent Pentateuch scholarship, the book of Deuteronomy is allocated a central place, not only with regard to the history of the origin of the Pentateuch, but also in constructing the theology of the Pentateuch, even the Tanach, at large. From the perspective which advocates the thematic study of the Pentateuch's life-related themes (amongst others "human rights," poverty, sexuality or the possession of land), the issue of violence constitutes a particular problem. The paper explores the inner debate on violence within Deuteronomy and the canon within its contemporary context, as well as in terms of its reception in some scholarly commentaries in the (post-) modern world. In an overview of the book as a whole, special attention will be paid to Deut 13 (the demand to killing even the own son in case of idolatry) and Deut 20 (uncritical positive prescriptions for warfare).
TL;DR: Kruger, P. A. et al. as mentioned in this paper described mothers and their children as victims in war in the Old Testament: Amos 1:13 against the background of the Ancient Near East.
Abstract: CITATION: Kruger, P. A. 2016. Mothers and their children as victims in war : Amos 1:13 against the background of the Ancient Near East. Old Testament Essays, 29(1):100-115, doi:10.17159/2312-3621/2016/v29n1a7.
TL;DR: In this paper, it is argued that the reader should not merely accept that all references to the poor in the psalms could be positively appropriated from a hermeneutical perspective.
Abstract: In this article the popular view that the "voice of the poor" is expressed in the Psalms (the so-called Armenfrommigkeit) is challenged. Although the psalms contain many references in which a positive concern for the extremely poor are expressed, this is not always the case. Psalm 109 is discussed as an example in which the supplicant identifies with the poor for his own interest. It is argued that the reader of the psalms should not merely accept that all references to the poor in the psalms could (from a hermeneutical perspective) positively be appropriated. "Pleading poverty" to selfishly justify feelings of enmity should be exposed in the psalms - not only for honesty's sake, but also for the sake of the really poor.