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JournalISSN: 1526-498X

Pest Management Science

About: Pest Management Science is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Population & Imidacloprid. It has an ISSN identifier of 1526-498X. Over the lifetime, 5276 publication(s) have been published receiving 154904 citation(s). more


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1002/PS.520
Abstract: Strobilurins are one of the most important classes of agricultural fungicide. Their invention was inspired by a group of fungicidally active natural products. The outstanding benefits they deliver are currently being utilised in a wide range of crops throughout the world. First launched in 1996, the strobilurins now include the world's biggest selling fungicide, azoxystrobin. By 2002 there will be six strobilurin active ingredients commercially available for agricultural use. This review describes in detail the properties of these active ingredients--their synthesis, biochemical mode of action, biokinetics, fungicidal activity, yield and quality benefits, resistance risk and human and environmental safety. It also describes the clear technical differences that exist between these active ingredients, particularly in the areas of fungicidal activity and biokinetics. more

Topics: Strobilurins (55%), Strobilurin (52%), Azoxystrobin (51%)

1,214 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1002/PS.1518
Stephen O. Duke1, Stephen B. Powles2Institutions (2)
Abstract: Since its commercial introduction in 1974, glyphosate [N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine] has become the dominant herbicide worldwide. There are several reasons for its success. Glyphosate is a highly effective broad-spectrum herbicide, yet it is very toxicologically and environmentally safe. Glyphosate translocates well, and its action is slow enough to take advantage of this. Glyphosate is the only herbicide that targets 5-enolpyruvyl-shikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS), so there are no competing herbicide analogs or classes. Since glyphosate became a generic compound, its cost has dropped dramatically. Perhaps the most important aspect of the success of glyphosate has been the introduction of transgenic, glyphosate-resistant crops in 1996. Almost 90% of all transgenic crops grown worldwide are glyphosate resistant, and the adoption of these crops is increasing at a steady pace. Glyphosate/glyphosate-resistant crop weed management offers significant environmental and other benefits over the technologies that it replaces. The use of this virtually ideal herbicide is now being threatened by the evolution of glyphosate-resistant weeds. Adoption of resistance management practices will be required to maintain the benefits of glyphosate technologies for future generations. Copyright © 2008 Society of Chemical Industry more

Topics: Aminomethylphosphonic acid (56%), Glyphosate (53%)

1,118 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1002/PS.1616
Alfred Elbert1, Matthias Haas1, Bernd Springer1, Wolfgang Thielert1  +1 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: Neonicotinoid insecticides comprise seven commercially marketed active ingredients: imidacloprid, acetamiprid, nitenpyram, thiamethoxam, thiacloprid, clothianidin and dinotefuran. The technical profiles and main differences between neonicotinoid insecticides, including their spectrum of efficacy, are described: use for vector control, systemic properties and versatile application forms, especially seed treatment. New formulations have been developed to optimize the bioavailability of neonicotinoids through improved rain fastness, better retention and spreading of the spray deposit on the leaf surface, combined with higher leaf penetration. Combined formulations with pyrethroids and other insecticides are also being developed with the aim of broadening the insecticidal spectrum of neonicotinoids and to replace WHO Class I products from older chemical classes. These innovative developments for life-cycle management, jointly with the introduction of generic products, will, within the next few years, turn neonicotinoids into the most important chemical class in crop protection. more

Topics: Neonicotinoid (62%), Clothianidin (61%), Thiacloprid (58%) more

647 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1002/PS.1631
Peter Jeschke1, Ralf Nauen1Institutions (1)
Abstract: In recent years, neonicotinoids have been the fastest-growing class of insecticides in modern crop protection, with widespread use against a broad spectrum of sucking and certain chewing pests As potent agonists, they act selectively on insect nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, their molecular target site The discovery of neonicotinoids can be considered as a milestone in insecticide research and facilitates greatly the understanding of the functional properties of insect nicotinic acetylcholine receptors Because of the relatively low risk for non-target organisms and environment, the high target specificity of neonicotinoid insecticides and their versatility in application methods, this important class has to be maintained globally for integrated pest management strategies and insect resistance management programmes This review comprehensively describes particularly the origin, structure and bonding as well as associated properties of neonicotinoid insecticides more

Topics: Neonicotinoid (52%)

616 Citations

Leonard G Copping, Julius J Menn1Institutions (1)
Abstract: A survey is given of the wide range of different materials and organisms that can be classified as biopesticides. Details are given of those currently of commercial importance, and future developments in this area are discussed. It is considered that, while in the immediate future biopesticides may continue to be limited mainly to niche and speciality markets, there is great potential for long-term development and growth, both in their own right and in providing leads in other areas of pest management science. more

582 Citations

No. of papers from the Journal in previous years

Top Attributes

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Journal's top 5 most impactful authors

Guy Smagghe

39 papers, 1.7K citations

Stephen O. Duke

36 papers, 3.1K citations

Ralf Nauen

35 papers, 3.7K citations

Stephen B. Powles

23 papers, 1.6K citations

John Vontas

16 papers, 402 citations

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