Journal•ISSN: 1070-6631

# Physics of Fluids

About: Physics of Fluids is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Turbulence & Reynolds number. It has an ISSN identifier of 1070-6631. Over the lifetime, 29461 publication(s) have been published receiving 941019 citation(s).

Topics: Turbulence, Reynolds number, Vortex, Instability, Plasma

##### Papers

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Abstract: One major drawback of the eddy viscosity subgrid‐scale stress models used in large‐eddy simulations is their inability to represent correctly with a single universal constant different turbulent fields in rotating or sheared flows, near solid walls, or in transitional regimes. In the present work a new eddy viscosity model is presented which alleviates many of these drawbacks. The model coefficient is computed dynamically as the calculation progresses rather than input a priori. The model is based on an algebraic identity between the subgrid‐scale stresses at two different filtered levels and the resolved turbulent stresses. The subgrid‐scale stresses obtained using the proposed model vanish in laminar flow and at a solid boundary, and have the correct asymptotic behavior in the near‐wall region of a turbulent boundary layer. The results of large‐eddy simulations of transitional and turbulent channel flow that use the proposed model are in good agreement with the direct simulation data.

6,329 citations

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Abstract: A new technique is described for the numerical investigation of the time‐dependent flow of an incompressible fluid, the boundary of which is partially confined and partially free The full Navier‐Stokes equations are written in finite‐difference form, and the solution is accomplished by finite‐time‐step advancement The primary dependent variables are the pressure and the velocity components Also used is a set of marker particles which move with the fluid The technique is called the marker and cell method Some examples of the application of this method are presented All non‐linear effects are completely included, and the transient aspects can be computed for as much elapsed time as desired

5,564 citations

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Abstract: The subgrid‐scale closure method developed by Germano et al. is modified by use of a least squares technique to minimize the difference between the closure assumption and the resolved stresses. This modification removes a source of singularity and is believed to improve the method’s applicability.

3,490 citations

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Abstract: The forces on a small rigid sphere in a nonuniform flow are considered from first prinicples in order to resolve the errors in Tchen’s equation and the subsequent modified versions that have since appeared. Forces from the undisturbed flow and the disturbance flow created by the presence of the sphere are treated separately. Proper account is taken of the effect of spatial variations of the undisturbed flow on both forces. In particular the appropriate Faxen correction for unsteady Stokes flow is derived and included as part of the consistent approximation for the equation of motion.

2,875 citations

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Abstract: Two‐dimensional turbulence has both kinetic energy and mean‐square vorticity as inviscid constants of motion. Consequently it admits two formal inertial ranges, E(k)∼e2/3k−5/3 and E(k)∼η2/3k−3, where e is the rate of cascade of kinetic energy per unit mass, η is the rate of cascade of mean‐square vorticity, and the kinetic energy per unit mass is ∫0∞E(k) dk. The −53 range is found to entail backward energy cascade, from higher to lower wavenumbers k, together with zero‐vorticity flow. The −3 range gives an upward vorticity flow and zero‐energy flow. The paradox in these results is resolved by the irreducibly triangular nature of the elementary wavenumber interactions. The formal −3 range gives a nonlocal cascade and consequently must be modified by logarithmic factors. If energy is fed in at a constant rate to a band of wavenumbers ∼ki and the Reynolds number is large, it is conjectured that a quasi‐steady‐state results with a −53 range for k « ki and a −3 range for k » ki, up to the viscous cutoff. The t...

2,737 citations