Progress in Materials Science
About: Progress in Materials Science is an academic journal published by Elsevier BV. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Materials science & Nanotechnology. It has an ISSN identifier of 0079-6425. Over the lifetime, 897 publications have been published receiving 222077 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present methods of severe plastic deformation and formation of nanostructures, including Torsion straining under high pressure, ECA pressing, and multiple forging.
Abstract: 2. Methods of severe plastic deformation and formation of nanostructures . . . . . . . 105 2.1. SPD techniques and regimes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 2.1.1. Torsion straining under high pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 2.1.2. ECA pressing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 2.1.3. Multiple forging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112 2.2. Typical nanostructures and their formation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
TL;DR: The concept of high entropy introduces a new path of developing advanced materials with unique properties, which cannot be achieved by the conventional micro-alloying approach based on only one dominant element as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: This paper reviews the recent research and development of high-entropy alloys (HEAs) HEAs are loosely defined as solid solution alloys that contain more than five principal elements in equal or near equal atomic percent (at%) The concept of high entropy introduces a new path of developing advanced materials with unique properties, which cannot be achieved by the conventional micro-alloying approach based on only one dominant element Up to date, many HEAs with promising properties have been reported, eg, high wear-resistant HEAs, Co15CrFeNi15Ti and Al02Co15CrFeNi15Ti alloys; high-strength body-centered-cubic (BCC) AlCoCrFeNi HEAs at room temperature, and NbMoTaV HEA at elevated temperatures Furthermore, the general corrosion resistance of the Cu05NiAlCoCrFeSi HEA is much better than that of the conventional 304-stainless steel This paper first reviews HEA formation in relation to thermodynamics, kinetics, and processing Physical, magnetic, chemical, and mechanical properties are then discussed Great details are provided on the plastic deformation, fracture, and magnetization from the perspectives of crackling noise and Barkhausen noise measurements, and the analysis of serrations on stress–strain curves at specific strain rates or testing temperatures, as well as the serrations of the magnetization hysteresis loops The comparison between conventional and high-entropy bulk metallic glasses is analyzed from the viewpoints of eutectic composition, dense atomic packing, and entropy of mixing Glass forming ability and plastic properties of high-entropy bulk metallic glasses are also discussed Modeling techniques applicable to HEAs are introduced and discussed, such as ab initio molecular dynamics simulations and CALPHAD modeling Finally, future developments and potential new research directions for HEAs are proposed
TL;DR: A review of the emerging research on additive manufacturing of metallic materials is provided in this article, which provides a comprehensive overview of the physical processes and the underlying science of metallurgical structure and properties of the deposited parts.
Abstract: Since its inception, significant progress has been made in understanding additive manufacturing (AM) processes and the structure and properties of the fabricated metallic components. Because the field is rapidly evolving, a periodic critical assessment of our understanding is useful and this paper seeks to address this need. It covers the emerging research on AM of metallic materials and provides a comprehensive overview of the physical processes and the underlying science of metallurgical structure and properties of the deposited parts. The uniqueness of this review includes substantive discussions on refractory alloys, precious metals and compositionally graded alloys, a succinct comparison of AM with welding and a critical examination of the printability of various engineering alloys based on experiments and theory. An assessment of the status of the field, the gaps in the scientific understanding and the research needs for the expansion of AM of metallic components are provided.
TL;DR: In this paper, the influence of alloy chemistry, thermomechanical processing and surface condition on these properties is discussed and various surface modification techniques to achieve superior biocompatibility, higher wear and corrosion resistance.
Abstract: The field of biomaterials has become a vital area, as these materials can enhance the quality and longevity of human life and the science and technology associated with this field has now led to multi-million dollar business. The paper focuses its attention mainly on titanium-based alloys, even though there exists biomaterials made up of ceramics, polymers and composite materials. The paper discusses the biomechanical compatibility of many metallic materials and it brings out the overall superiority of Ti based alloys, even though it is costlier. As it is well known that a good biomaterial should possess the fundamental properties such as better mechanical and biological compatibility and enhanced wear and corrosion resistance in biological environment, the paper discusses the influence of alloy chemistry, thermomechanical processing and surface condition on these properties. In addition, this paper also discusses in detail the various surface modification techniques to achieve superior biocompatibility, higher wear and corrosion resistance. Overall, an attempt has been made to bring out the current scenario of Ti based materials for biomedical applications.
TL;DR: The mechanical properties of nanocrystalline materials are reviewed in this paper, with emphasis on their constitutive response and on the fundamental physical mechanisms, including the deviation from the Hall-Petch slope and possible negative slope, the effect of porosity, the difference between tensile and compressive strength, the limited ductility, the tendency for shear localization, fatigue and creep responses.
Abstract: The mechanical properties of nanocrystalline materials are reviewed, with emphasis on their constitutive response and on the fundamental physical mechanisms. In a brief introduction, the most important synthesis methods are presented. A number of aspects of mechanical behavior are discussed, including the deviation from the Hall–Petch slope and possible negative slope, the effect of porosity, the difference between tensile and compressive strength, the limited ductility, the tendency for shear localization, the fatigue and creep responses. The strain-rate sensitivity of FCC metals is increased due to the decrease in activation volume in the nanocrystalline regime; for BCC metals this trend is not observed, since the activation volume is already low in the conventional polycrystalline regime. In fatigue, it seems that the S–N curves show improvement due to the increase in strength, whereas the da/dN curve shows increased growth velocity (possibly due to the smoother fracture requiring less energy to propagate). The creep results are conflicting: while some results indicate a decreased creep resistance consistent with the small grain size, other experimental results show that the creep resistance is not negatively affected. Several mechanisms that quantitatively predict the strength of nanocrystalline metals in terms of basic defects (dislocations, stacking faults, etc.) are discussed: break-up of dislocation pile-ups, core-and-mantle, grain-boundary sliding, grain-boundary dislocation emission and annihilation, grain coalescence, and gradient approach. Although this classification is broad, it incorporates the major mechanisms proposed to this date. The increased tendency for twinning, a direct consequence of the increased separation between partial dislocations, is discussed. The fracture of nanocrystalline metals consists of a mixture of ductile dimples and shear regions; the dimple size, while much smaller than that of conventional polycrystalline metals, is several times larger than the grain size. The shear regions are a direct consequence of the increased tendency of the nanocrystalline metals to undergo shear localization. The major computational approaches to the modeling of the mechanical processes in nanocrystalline metals are reviewed with emphasis on molecular dynamics simulations, which are revealing the emission of partial dislocations at grain boundaries and their annihilation after crossing them.