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JournalISSN: 1561-0837

Revista Peruana de Biología 

National University of San Marcos
About: Revista Peruana de Biología is an academic journal published by National University of San Marcos. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Humanities & Geography. It has an ISSN identifier of 1561-0837. It is also open access. Over the lifetime, 1124 publications have been published receiving 6326 citations.
Topics: Humanities, Geography, Genus, Population, Endemism


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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The marsupial Marmosa phaea; the rodents Melanomys caliginosus, M. robustulus, and Echinoprocta rufescens; the shrew Cryptotis equatoris; the bats Anoura fistulata, Phyllostomus latifolius, Artibeus ravus, Cynomops greenhalli, Eumops maurus, and Rhogeessa velilla; and the carnivore Nasue
Abstract: We present an annotated list for all land, aquatic and marine mammals known to occur in Peru and their distribution by ecoregions. We also present species conservation status according to international organizations and the legal conservation status in Peru. At present, we record 508 species, in 13 orders, 50 families, and 218 genera, making Peru the third most diverse country with regards to mammals in the New World, after Brazil and Mexico, and the fifth most diverse country for mammals in the World. This diversity includes 40 didelphimorphs, 2 paucituberculates, 1 manatee, 6 cingulates, 7 pilosa, 39 primates, 162 rodents, 1 rabbit, 2 soricomorphs, 165 bats, 34 carnivores, 2 perissodactyls, and 47 cetartiodactyls. Bats and rodents (327 species) represent almost two thirds of total diversity (64%) for Peru. Five genera and 65 species (12.8%) are endemics to Peru, with the majority of these being rodents (45 species, 69,2%). Most of the endemic species are restricted to the Yungas of the eastern slope of the Andes (39 species, 60%) followed by Selva Baja (14 species, 21.5%). The taxonomic status of some species is commented on, when those depart from accepted taxonomy. The marsupial Marmosa phaea; the rodents Melanomys caliginosus, M. robustulus, and Echinoprocta rufescens; the shrew Cryptotis equatoris; the bats Anoura fistulata, Phyllostomus latifolius, Artibeus ravus, Cynomops greenhalli, Eumops maurus, and Rhogeessa velilla; and the carnivore Nasuella olivacea are first records of species occurrence in Peru. Finally, we also include a list of 15 non-native species.

159 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: The family Alstroemeriaceae with special emphasis in Peru is revised using morphological and distributional data and for each species the typical growth forms and their variability, habitat preferences and general distribution are discussed.
Abstract: The family Alstroemeriaceae with special emphasis in Peru is revised using morphological and distributional data. Species in this family were reinvestigated on the basis of all types, material housed in several herbaria and five field trips, each of which lasted several weeks, were undertaken to South America to study the plants in the field. The taxonomic and collection history of the genus is described and for each species the typical growth forms and their variability, habitat preferences and general distribution are discussed. A key to determine the species of Peru in English and Spanish is provided. The study area comprise five geographic units recognised: Amotape-Huancabamba-region (Ecuador, Peru), Cordillera Occidental (Peru), Cordillera Central (Peru), Cordillera Oriental (Bolivia, Peru) and the Altiplano (Bolivia, Peru). The family as here circumscribed comprises two species of Alstroemeria and 68 species of Bomarea, of these 68 species 43 species are members of subgenus Bomarea, 9 species of subgenus Sphaerine and 16 of the subgenus Wichuraea. The fourth and last subgenus into Bomarea genus denominated Baccata cannot be found in the area of this study. Six new species to science of Bomarea are described: B. amazonica, B. libertadensis, B. lopezii, B. macusanii, B. pseudopurpurea, B. weigendii.

101 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The taxonomia del grupo de Ribes andicola and Urtica for the bosques relictos presentes in the zona de Amotape-Huancabamba and especialmente aquellos de la vertiente NO del Peru was investigated in this article.
Abstract: Se investiga la taxonomia del grupo de Ribes andicola y Urtica para los bosques relictos presentes en la zona de Amotape-Huancabamba y especialmente aquellos de la vertiente NO del Peru. Se describen tres nuevas especies de Ribes: Ribes contumazensis como especie local endemica de Contumaza, R. colandina distribuida en los Andes desde Lambayeque y La Libertad hasta Amazonas y R. sanchezii como endemica a los bosques de altura del Maranon. Adicionalmente, la especie ecuatoriana R. austroecuadorense es registrada por primera vez para el Peru procedente de los bosques relictos de Huancabamba (Piura) y Chota (Cajamarca). Asi mismo, se describen dos nuevas especies de Urtica: U. urentivelutina, endemica local a las laderas altas del Maranon cerca a Chagual (La Libertad), y U. lalibertadensis distribuida desde Otuzco hasta Tayabamba en el departamento de La Libertad. Urtica longispica es registrada como nueva especie para la flora del Peru y U. macbridei es registrada por primera vez para el norte del Peru. Urtica y el grupo Ribes andicola pueden ser considerados como indicadores de la cubierta de bosques anteriores, puesto que persisten despues que los bosques han sido talados. Su distribucion indica que a) alguno de los actuales fragmentos de bosque fueron alguna vez grandes bosques coherentes a modo de una faja continua (como los de Santa Cruz y San Miguel) y b) algunas areas que en el presente no tienen ninguna cubierta de bosques continuos, en el pasado fueron grandes y coherentes bosques montanos (e.g., grandes partes de la Prov. Otuzco). Comparando los datos de distribucion conocida para Urtica, el grupo de Ribes andicola, el grupo de Passiflora lobbii y Nasa (Loasaceae), es evidente, que a) los bosques relictos son aun muy pobremente estudiados, b) ellos son excepcionalmente ricos en taxa estrechamente endemicos, algunos de los cuales son aqui descritos y muchos de ellos indudablemente permanecen aun sin ser descubiertos y c) ellos representan los limites mas surenos para muchas especies ecuatorianas y ciertos grupos de especies.

92 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The aim of this project is to make an analysis of the literature about EM and answer the following questions: how much is known about EM, how much research is done on EM, what are the principals of EM?,What are the socio-economic implications of EM?
Abstract: Th e increase in population has lead to intensifi cation of agricultural systems. Due to the use of pesticides the productivity of agricultural systems has increased but environmental deterioration and unsustainable systems are the consequences of these ways of management. Th e environmentally friendly Eff ective Microorganisms (EM) technology claims an enormous amount of benefi ts (claimed by the companies). Th e use of EM as an addictive to manure or as a spray directly in the fi elds may increase the microfauna diversity of the soil and many benefi ts are derived from that increase. It seems that suffi cient information is available about this new technology. Th e aim of this project is to make an analysis of the literature about EM and answer the following questions: 1) how much is known about EM?, 2) how much research is done on EM?, 3) what are the principals of EM?, what are the socio-economic implications of EM?. We want to answer these questions in order to publish the facts about EM and its socio-economic implications.

83 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A study of the vascular flora composition in the river Ilo-Moquegua basin and Lomas of Ilo is presented in this article, at elevations that vary between sea level and 4600 meters, based on intensive collections, examination of herbarium specimens and bibliographic research.
Abstract: A study of the vascular flora composition in the river Ilo-Moquegua basin and Lomas of Ilo is presented herein, at elevations that vary between sea level and 4600 meters, based on intensive collections, examination of herbarium specimens and bibliographic research. According to the present study, the vascular flora in the river Ilo-Moquegua basin and Lomas of Ilo was found to consist of 63 families, 233 genera and 394 species. Eighty three percent of the species are Magnoliopsida and 15% belong to the Liliopsida. Families with the largest number of genera and species are Asteraceae (41 genera and 60 species), Poaceae (28 and 44), Solanaceae (11 and 32), Fabaceae (17 and 26), Malvaceae (11 and 21), Brassicaceae (10 and 15), Boraginaceae (9 and 15) and Cactaceae (10 and 14). The dominant biological forms are herbs (69%), followed by shrubs (28%), climbing plants (4%), trees (2%) and parasitic plants (less than 1%). Fifty five species are endemic to Peru, and 10 are restricted to the department of Moquegua. Total of 176 new additions for the department of Moquegua are presented.

78 citations

Performance
Metrics
No. of papers from the Journal in previous years
YearPapers
202317
202248
202116
202034
201955
201838