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JournalISSN: 1876-990X

Silicon 

Springer Science+Business Media
About: Silicon is an academic journal published by Springer Science+Business Media. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Materials science & Silicon. It has an ISSN identifier of 1876-990X. Over the lifetime, 3433 publications have been published receiving 28749 citations. The journal is also known as: element 14 & Si.


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Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jun 2020-Silicon
TL;DR: A review of the important applications of silica nanoparticles from the medicine, agricultural field to the environmental bioremediation can be found in this article, where they have been used to carry out enhanced oil recovery to reduce the liberation of brine, heavy metals and radioactive compounds into water, removal of metals, non-metals and radioactive elements, water purification.
Abstract: Nanoparticles have immense industrial, biotechnological, and biomedical/pharmaceutical applications due to their pliability in structure, size, biocompatibility, high surface area, and versatile functionalization, which have led to their ubiquitous application in diverse areas Advancement of the science in the research field has revolutionized our lifestyle and health care from medicine to the agricultural field but there were also some negative impacts of this development apart from the benefits. Nanotechnology has been one of the ladders responsible for this revolution which has to some extent decreased the adverse effects. Among various types of nanoparticles, silica nanoparticles (SiO2 NPs) have become favoured as nanostructuring, drug delivery, and optical imaging agents. Silica nanoparticles are immensely stable, less toxic. Mesoporous silica materials with pore sizes in the range between 2 and 50 nm have attracted widespread attention due to their precisely tuneable macroscopic form, chemical functionality, and mesoporous structure. Silica has been also applied for the remediation of the environment pollutants like to carry out enhanced oil recovery to reduce the liberation of brine, heavy metals and radioactive compounds into water, removal of metals, non-metals and radioactive elements,water purification. This article reviews the important applications of silica nanoparticles from the medicine, agricultural field to the environmental bioremediation.

244 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
05 Jan 2016-Silicon
TL;DR: In this article, a review of the electroless nickel plating of mild steel is presented, focusing on the past and the present published research in this field, both past and present published literature information, both of the past literature information and current published research.
Abstract: The operating process, versatility and the increasing research interest in optimising the process and products technology in the electroless plating method of metal coating, particularly, the electroless nickel plating of metallic substrates such as mild steel, necessitates the writing of this review. It is also aimed at providing more literature information, both of the past and the present published research in this field. In this paper, electroless nickel plating is introduced. The various nickel plating solutions and baths’ operating parameters; main types of electroless nickel plating; the mechanism involved in the plating process; application of the nickel plating process to iron powders; advantages and disadvantages and the process’s other applications are reviewed. Electroless nickel plating produces an amorphous deposit in the as-plated condition. The deposit is not dependent on current distribution and hence it is almost uniform in thickness. Electroless nickel plating is far more difficult to remove chemically than conventional nickel deposits due to its superior corrosion resistance. The deposit has a good wettability and is generally hard. However, its bath control is more complex than with electroplating. The bath also has lower efficiency and higher operating costs, even without the use of electricity.

170 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Oct 2009-Silicon
TL;DR: In this paper, a comprehensive review of the cycling of silicon in the environment is presented, which provides inspiration for researchers to study this fascinating element, as well as providing a background environmental context to those interested in silicon.
Abstract: Silicon is one of the most important elements in the current age of the anthropocene. It has numerous industrial applications, and supports a high-tech multi-billion Euro industry. Silicon has a fascinating biological and geological cycle, interacting with other globally important biogeochemical cycles. In this review, we bring together both biological and geological aspects of the silicon cycle to provide a general, comprehensive review of the cycling of silicon in the environment. We hope this review will provide inspiration for researchers to study this fascinating element, as well as providing a background environmental context to those interested in silicon.

154 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Mar 2018-Silicon
TL;DR: In this article, the authors investigated the properties of AMMC produced by the stir casting technique for various compositions of boron carbide and silicon carbide reinforced with aluminium alloy 6061.
Abstract: High demand on materials to increase the overall performance of automotive and aerospace components has forced the development of composite materials. Among the various composites, Aluminium Metal Matrix Composites (AMMC) are widely used to fulfill the emerging industrial needs. This paper deals with the investigation of mechanical properties of AMMC produced by the stir casting technique for various compositions of boron carbide and silicon carbide reinforced with aluminium alloy 6061. The tensile, flexural, hardness and impact tests were performed and it was found that the hybrid composites had better properties than pure aluminium. The microstructure of the hybrid composites was analysed using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM).

149 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jan 2012-Silicon
TL;DR: Fiber reinforced composites (FRCs) are more and more widely applied in dentistry to substitute for metallic restorations: periodontal splints, fixed partial dentures, endodontic posts, orthodentic appliances, and some other indirect endorations.
Abstract: Fiber reinforced composites (FRCs) are more and more widely applied in dentistry to substitute for metallic restorations: periodontal splints, fixed partial dentures, endodontic posts, orthodontic appliances, and some other indirect restorations. In general in FRCs, the fiber reinforcement provides the composite structure with better biomechanical performance due to their superior properties in tension and flexure. Nowadays, the E-glass fiber is most frequently used because of its chemical resistance and relatively low cost. Growing interest is being paid to enhance its clinical performance. Moreover, various techniques are utilized to reinforce the adhesion between the fiber and the matrix. Oral conditions set special requirements and challenges for the clinical applications of FRCs. The biomechanical properties of dental materials are of high importance in dentistry, and given this, there is on-going scientific interest to develop E-glass fiber reinforced composite systems. FRCs are generally biocompatible and their toxicity is not a concern.

149 citations

Performance
Metrics
No. of papers from the Journal in previous years
YearPapers
2023320
2022773
20211,006
2020389
2019305
2018320