Oxford University Press
About: Social Work is an academic journal published by Oxford University Press. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Social work & Social Welfare. It has an ISSN identifier of 0037-8046. Over the lifetime, 5673 publications have been published receiving 123161 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: An overview of the DBpedia community project is given, including its architecture, technical implementation, maintenance, internationalisation, usage statistics and applications, including DBpedia one of the central interlinking hubs in the Linked Open Data (LOD) cloud.
Abstract: The DBpedia community project extracts structured, multilingual knowledge from Wikipedia and makes it freely available on the Web using Semantic Web and Linked Data technologies. The project extracts knowledge from 111 different language editions of Wikipedia. The largest DBpedia knowledge base which is extracted from the English edition of Wikipedia consists of over 400 million facts that describe 3.7 million things. The DBpedia knowledge bases that are extracted from the other 110 Wikipedia editions together consist of 1.46 billion facts and describe 10 million additional things. The DBpedia project maps Wikipedia infoboxes from 27 different language editions to a single shared ontology consisting of 320 classes and 1,650 properties. The mappings are created via a world-wide crowd-sourcing effort and enable knowledge from the different Wikipedia editions to be combined. The project publishes releases of all DBpedia knowledge bases for download and provides SPARQL query access to 14 out of the 111 language editions via a global network of local DBpedia chapters. In addition to the regular releases, the project maintains a live knowledge base which is updated whenever a page in Wikipedia changes. DBpedia sets 27 million RDF links pointing into over 30 external data sources and thus enables data from these sources to be used together with DBpedia data. Several hundred data sets on the Web publish RDF links pointing to DBpedia themselves and make DBpedia one of the central interlinking hubs in the Linked Open Data (LOD) cloud. In this system report, we give an overview of the DBpedia community project, including its architecture, technical implementation, maintenance, internationalisation, usage statistics and applications.
TL;DR: In the sociological literature, a professional is one that views a profespreliminary word of caution is due. as discussed by the authors The writer is indebted to Dr. William A. Kornhauser, who, as members of his faculty at the University of California, Berkeley, assisted him in identifying and abstracting the sociology literature on occupa the university, for his constructive criticisms during tions.
Abstract: The professions occupy a position of great surgeon, and teacher.4 What common attri importance on the American scene.1 In a butes do these professional occupations pos society such as ours, characterized by misess which distinguish them from the non nute division of labor based upon technical professional ones? After a careful canvass specialization, many important features of of the sociological literature on occupa social organization are dependent upon tions, this writer has been able to distill professional functions. Professional activfive elements, upon which there appears to ity is coming to play a predominant role be consensus among the students of the in the life patterns of increasing numbers subject, as constituting the distinguishing of individuals of both sexes, occupying attributes of a profession.5 Succinctly put, much of their waking moments, providing all professions seem to possess: (1) systematic life goals, determining behavior, and shaptheory, (2) authority, (3) community sanc ing personality. It is no wonder, therefore, tion, (4) ethical codes, and (5) a culture, that the phenomenon of professionalism The purpose of this article is to describe has become an object of observation by fully these attributes. sociologists.2 The sociological approach to Before launching into our description, a professionalism is one that views a profespreliminary word of caution is due. With sion as an organized group which is conrespect to each of the above attributes, the stantly interacting with the society that forms its matrix, which performs its social 1 Talcott Parsons. "The Professions and Social functions through a network of formal and Structure," Social Forces, Vol. 17 (May 1939), pp. informal relationships, and which creates y „ , „ . , . T„ . , , r . . ,. 2 Theodore Caplow, The Sociology of Work Its own subculture requiring adjustments (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1954). to it as a prerequisite for career success.3 3 Oswald Hall, "The Stages of a Medical Career," Within the professional category of its American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 53 (March occupational classification the United States 1948) of California, Berkeley, who, as members of his i jornia. Berkeley. The writer ts indebted to Dr. , . , , . ., . , ' 7 research seminars, assisted him in identifying and William A. Kornhauser, Sociology Department of abstracting the sociological literature on occupa the university, for his constructive criticisms during tions. Their conscientious assistance made possible the preparation of this paper. the formulation presented in this paper.
TL;DR: A survey of such knowledge graph refinement approaches, with a dual look at both the methods being proposed as well as the evaluation methodologies used.
Abstract: In the recent years, different Web knowledge graphs, both free and commercial, have been created. While Google coined the term "Knowledge Graph" in 2012, there are also a few openly available knowledge graphs, with DBpedia, YAGO, and Freebase being among the most prominent ones. Those graphs are often constructed from semi-structured knowledge, such as Wikipedia, or harvested from the web with a combination of statistical and linguistic methods. The result are large-scale knowledge graphs that try to make a good trade-off between completeness and correctness. In order to further increase the utility of such knowledge graphs, various refinement methods have been proposed, which try to infer and add missing knowledge to the graph, or identify erroneous pieces of information. In this article, we provide a survey of such knowledge graph refinement approaches, with a dual look at both the methods being proposed as well as the evaluation methodologies used.
TL;DR: This article reviews some current thinking and research about using a strengths orientation and assesses conceptual endorsements and criticisms of the strengths perspective.
Abstract: The strengths perspective in social work practice continues to develop conceptually. The strengths-based approach to case management with people with severe mental illness is well established. More recently, there have been developments in strengths-based practice with other client groups and the emergence of strengths orientations in work with communities. To augment these developments, converging lines of thinking, research, and practice in areas such as developmental resilience, healing and wellness, and constructionist narrative and story have provided interesting supports and challenges to the strengths perspective. This article reviews some current thinking and research about using a strengths orientation and assesses conceptual endorsements and criticisms of the strengths perspective.
TL;DR: The OWL API is a high level Application Programming Interface (API) for working with OWL ontologies that supports parsing and rendering in the syntaxes defined in the W3C specification; manipulation of ontological structures; and the use of reasoning engines.
Abstract: We present the OWL API, a high level Application Programming Interface (API) for working with OWL ontologies. The OWL API is closely aligned with the OWL 2 structural specification. It supports parsing and rendering in the syntaxes defined in the W3C specification (Functional Syntax, RDF/XML, OWL/XML and the Manchester OWL Syntax); manipulation of ontological structures; and the use of reasoning engines. The reference implementation of the OWL API, written in Java, includes validators for the various OWL 2 profiles - OWL 2 QL, OWL 2 EL and OWL 2 RL. The OWL API has widespread usage in a variety of tools and applications.