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Showing papers in "Solar Energy Materials in 1981"


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a review of heat-mirror deposition technology including chemical vapor deposition using hydrolysis and pyrolysis reactions, dc and rf sputtering using reactive, biased and nonreactive techniques, vapor deposition and ion plating.

291 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a sol-gel process was applied to polished silicon and heat treated at temperatures less than 450°C to convert the applied films to amorphous oxide films ranging in refractive index from approximately 163 to 217.

165 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the properties of amorphous hydrogenated silicon are reviewed, with special emphasis placed on results obtained by the method of reactive sputtering in an argon-hydrogen plasma.

158 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, single crystals of n-WSe2 and n-MoSe2 were grown and employed as the photoanode in a regenerative photoelectrochemical cell with an iodide/triiodide electrolyte.

147 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a transparent conducting coating of Indium-Tin-Oxide (ITO) was applied over the existing metallic contact structure on solar cell front illuminated surface to reduce the sheet resistance of the diffused region.

85 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, single crystal and thin film polycrystalline samples of n-CuInS2 were studied as photoanodes in a polysulfide electrolyte-based photoelectrochemical cell.

40 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the techniques of fabricating low cost electrodeposited CdSe films for solar conversion cells are described and discussed, and the attainable goals and result of annealing, etching and doublesided illumination are discussed.

37 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the solar absorptance and emittance of Si3N4/ZrB2 was investigated at high temperature aging experiments at 400 and 500°C in air.

37 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the photoresponse of polycrystalline electrodes of MoS2 was found to give significant photorestonse in aqueous polyiodide.

37 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the electrochemistry of black chrome deposition is reviewed and used as a basis to predict the probable characteristics of the black chrome electrodeposits, and it is shown that photothermally unstable constituents are likely to be incorporated into the deposits and to contribute to the long term photothermal degradation of black chromite.

36 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors measured the absorption and temperature dependence of emittance for graded metal-carbon selective surfaces overlayed on smooth films of sputtered aluminium, copper, nickel and stainless steel.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a poisoned cathode reactive sputtering process in argon containing acetylene is described, and a model for the films is presented in which grains of amorphous carbon are bonded to an insulating hydrocarbon matrix, driven out by the annealing process.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, Mettee et al. presented a two-week loan copy of a Library Circulating Copy which may be borrowed for two weeks for a personal retention copy.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the same basis procedure was used for etching all three metals, including copper, stainless steel and nickel sheet, and copper and stainless steel tube, by sputter etching in a cylindrical magnetron.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the solar absorptance and emittance were measured for a number of generic oxides growin in situ on a variety of pure metals and alloys, and the surface films were formed by reacting the substrates in air, pure oxygen, or high-temperature, high pressure water to give a range of thickness for each oxide.

Journal ArticleDOI
D. Elwell1
TL;DR: In this paper, the electrodeposition of silicon from solutions of SiO2 in NaF/CaF2 and related fluoride eutectics is reported for the first time, and the silicon is in the form of small particles dispersed in the solidified solvent, and a subsequent thermal process is required to isolate it.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, polycrystalline thin film semiconducting TiO2 electrodes were prepared by the reactive sputtering of a metallic Ti target, and the films were deposited on heated glass substrates and were fabricated in such a way that an n+/n layered structure was formed.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the influence of grain size ranging from 0.3 to 3 mm on the performance of p on n polycrystalline silicon solar cells having columnar grains has been investigated.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the thermal conduction between two concentric tubes with various surfaces has been determined for low pressures of H 2, He, Ar, CO, N 2 and H 2 O in the annular region from the results the temperature dependent accomodation coefficients for these gases on a glass surface, on a sputtered copper surface and on a metal-carbon selective absorber have been deduced.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, an investigation of magnetron sputtered graded stainless steel-carbon on copper solar selective absorbing surfaces by Auger electron spectroscopy is described, and the composition of the dielectric layer of these surfaces is shown to be almost pure carbon.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, copper sulphide films were chemically deposited on aluminium substrates and their optical properties were studied for their application in photothermal conversion of solar energy, and the films were found to be stable up to 200°C.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a multilayer selective absorbers, consisting of PbS and CdS films have been designed and fabricated using solution growth technique, and a mathematical model has been formulated using matrix multiplication method to calculate reflectance of these absorbers.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Textured copper films of thickness 0.5 to 10 μm have been produced in a planar magnetron by sputtering copper onto room temperature glass substrates at various argon pressures in the range 0.1 to 100 Pa as discussed by the authors.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the stability of CdSe and CdS photoanodes in polysulfide electrolytes has been investigated, and it was shown that this deactivation was due to a physical change (reduction of crystallinity) at the semiconductor surface rather than a chemical change.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A review of various methods for interface analysis and how they are or could be used for studying the stability of interfaces in solar energy materials is given in this paper, where the importance of compositional analysis of interfaces is emphasized.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a discussion of the restraints imposed by fundamental physical relations on the performance of spectrally selective solar energy materials is presented, and it is shown that three different classes of selective materials can be distinguished.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the optical and structural properties of copper-black layers prepared by the anodic oxidation of copper in an alkaline medium have been studied, and X-ray diffraction, electron diffraction and ESCA studies indicate that they are mixture of cuprous and cupric oxides.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the role and optimization of plating parameters such as; plating time, current density, plating bath temperature, chromic acid concentration, role of chromonyx addition agent, anode-to-cathode ratio of the plating arrangement, current efficiency of electroplating, and role of substrate finish; and overgrowths were evaluated in each case for solar absorptance values.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the semiconductor Cu2O is discussed as a selective surface, in a "dark mirror" scheme, for solar energy applications, which depends on the possible transitions within the band gap energy, is shown to be dependent on the oxidation and annealing conditions.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A photovoltaic SeCdO thin film cell has been fabricated by reactive sputtering of CdO on a crystallized selenium film using a cadmium target in the presence of argon plus residual air as discussed by the authors.