Stads- en Streeksbeplanning
About: Stads- en Streeksbeplanning is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Spatial planning & Informal sector. Over the lifetime, 92 publication(s) have been published receiving 606 citation(s).
Papers published on a yearly basis
Abstract: A small income and the limited ability of the government and the formal business sector to provide sufficient employment opportunities to people in the economically active age categories are two of the main reasons for informal trading in South African cities. As a result, the informal street trading sector plays an important role in providing a security net for millions of the unemployed in the South African economy. However, informal street trading is not without problems. The aim of this article is to report on some of the opportunities and constraints faced by informal street traders in the central business districts (CBDs) of the four main metropolitan areas of South Africa.
Abstract: This article provides a brief overview of post-apartheid housing policy. It argues that, in principle, 'Breaking New Ground' (BNG) was a major advance over the subsidy system but that the failure to implement BNG, which has now been followed by more formal moves away from a rights based and towards a security based approach, lie in the failure to take a properly political approach to the urban crisis. It is suggested that a technocratic approach privileges elite interests and that there could be better results from an explicitly pro-poor political approach - which would include direct support for poor people's organisations to challenge elite interests, including those in the state, and to undertake independent innovation on their own. 'n Progressiewe beleid sonder progressiewe politiek : lesse geleer uit die mislukte implementering van ''Breaking New Ground'' Hierdie artikel verskaf 'n kort oorsig van post-apartheid behuisingsbeleid. Die oorhoofse argument is dat ''Breaking New Ground'' (BNG) in beginsel 'n radikale verbetering van die subsidie sisteem was maar dat die mislukte implementering daarvan - intussen opgevolg deur 'n grondige klemverskuiwing weg van 'n regsbasis in die rigting van 'n sekuriteitsbasis - daaraan te wyte was, dat dit nie 'n deeglik politieke benadering tot stedelike krisis gevolg het nie. Die artikel argumenteer voorts dat 'n tegnokratiese benadering elitistiese voorregte verskans en dat 'n eksplisiet politiese, pro-armoede benadering meer vrugbaar sou wees. So 'n benadering sal, onder andere, menseregorganisasies ondersteun in hulle poging om die verskansing van elitistiese voorregte, veral in die staat, te betwis en hulle sodoende bemagtig om onafhanklike verandering teweeg te bring. Ke leano la tswelopele le hlokang dipolotiki tsa tswelopele : ho ithuta ho hloleheng ho phethahatsa 'ho phunyeletsa' Ditaba tsena di fana ka bonyane diphetho tsa leano la matlo la nako e fetileng ya kgethollo ka mmala. Di hanyetsa ka hore, tsela ena ya ho phunyeletsa e bile katleho e kgolo mokgweng wa dithuso tsa ditjhelete, empa hore ho hloleha ho phethahatsa leano lena la ho phunyeletsa, leo hajwale le latelwang ke ho sutha ka molao katamelong ya motheo ya ditokelo esitana le mabapi le ya tshireletso, ho robetse ho hloleheng ho nka katamelo ya sepolotiki e nepahetseng bothateng bona ba dibaka tsa metse ya ditoropo. Ho entswe tlhahiso ya hore katamelo ya tsa botegniki e fana ka menyetla ho batho ba nang le bohona le hore e ka ba diphetho tse ntlenyana ho hlaha ka lehlakoreng la batho ba ratang katamelo ya sepolotiki ya bafumanehi, e ka boelang ya kenyeletsa le yona tshehetso e otlolohileng ya mekgatlo ya ho phepetsa menyetla ya barui, esitana le bao ba mmusong, le ho nka ketapele motho ka mong.
Abstract: In South Africa, broad spatial frameworks have become a standard form of planning, but have been critiqued on various grounds. This paper focuses on three lines along which spatial planning may be reconsidered. First, it argues that it is important for planners to engage with the complexity of the socio-spatial dynamics of the city. Secondly, it suggests that planners need a deeper understanding of urban economic space and a more conscious consideration of the way in which planning relates to markets. Thirdly, spatial planning could be enhanced by a stronger link to infrastructure planning. Herdink ruimtelike beplanning Bree ruimtelike raamwerke het 'n standaard vorm van beplanning in Suid-Afrika geword, maar hierdie is op verskeie gronde gekritiseer. Hierdie artikel fokus op drie lyne waarvolgens ruimtelike beplanning oorweeg mag word. Eerstens, word geargumenteer dat dit belangrik is vir beplanners om die kompleksiteit van die sosio-ruimtelike dinamiek van die stad te hanteer. Tweedens, word voorgestel dat beplanners 'n sterker begrip van stedelike ekonomiese ruimte en 'n meer bewustelike oorweging van die manier waarop beplanning met markte geassosieer word, benodig. Derdens, kan ruimtelike beplanning versterk word deur 'n sterker band met infrastruktuurbeplanning te he. Moralo wa tikoloho wa tekolobotjha Meralo e pharalletseng ya tikoloho Afrika Borwa e bile mokgwa o amohelehang wa ho rala, empa hona ho ile ha sehollwa mabakeng a mmalwa. Pampiri ena e itshetlehile hodima mela e meraro eo moralo wa tikoloho o lokelang ho shejwa ka yona. Ntlheng ya pele, e leka ho bontsha bohlokwa ba diradi ho tshwarahana le ho rarahana ho pharalletseng ha tikoloho ya boahi ya motsemoholo. Ntlha ya bobedi, e sisinya hore diradi di hloka kutlwisiso e batsi ya sebaka sa moruo wa toropong le ho ela hloko ka moo ho rala ho amanang le mebaraka ka teng. Ntlha ya boraro, moralo wa tikoloho o ka matlafatswa ke kgokahano e matla ho boradi ba infrastratjha.
Abstract: The rapid expansion of the informal sector or economy in both developed and developing countries has not only captured the attention of researchers, development analysts, government officials and international agencies but is also prompting a massive profusion of literature on the topic. In the face of the huge plethora of informal sector literature, some scholars advocate ‘country distinction’ as a scale-bound and context-specific template for gauging both the ‘national’ and ‘global’ accounts of the informality story. The Nigerian informal sector is metaphoric of old wine in a new wineskin since ‘informality’ research in the country predates the introduction of the concept there. It was the ILO city-study mission to Lagos in 1975 that pioneered the concept but the terminology tottered until the mid-1980s before it diffused the mainstream of academic and policy circles. Ever since the structural adjustment programme (SAP) of 1986, the ascribed informal workforce has grown in leaps and bounds both in real numbers and in activity diversification. The article explores the nearly two decades’ trajectory and substance of informal sector research in Nigeria. It is significant for two reasons: no previous elaborate attempt has been made to systematically document or review the motleys of informal sector literature in Nigeria, and this evaluation promises, among other things, to provide the feedbacks necessary to avert a slide of informality research into “ritual academic blind alleys” (Flyvbjerg, 2004a: 422). Based on the foregoing, the article synthesises the knowledge gains (as well as gaps) and concludes with recommendations for future research.
Abstract: Since the launch of Operation Restore Order in May 2005 in all urban centres by the Zimbabwean government, the informal economic sector in Bulawayo has undergone significant transformations and growth In contravention of the legal and regulatory controls and against the backdrop of a severe economic crisis, the government embarked on a clean-up campaign that devastated the urban poor and reduced them to destitute people The blitz destroyed informal business structures, evicting and detaining operators and confiscating their wares purporting to restore the lost glimmer and liveliness of the city Even registered vendors that operated at designated sites with operating licences properly issued by the city authorities were not spared This study’s preliminary findings reveal how the planning system has metamorphosed to keep up with changing circumstances and how it has helped to revolutionise the vendors’ struggles by organising and mobilising them to revive the indispensable informal economy In conclusion the article argues that city authorities should work closely with the associations of the urban poor to achieve the objectives both of maintaining urban health and of ensuring the means of livelihood for the unemployed, in particular against the backdrop of a distressed formal sector that has reeled under economic structural adjustments that led to massive deindustrialisation and retrenchments since the 1990s
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