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Showing papers in "The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition in 1987"


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This review summarizes the physical bases and assumptions, describes applications, and discusses the theoretical and practical limitations of currently available indirect methods of estimating fat-free mass and percent body fat.

1,111 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: No differences in estrogen levels of breast fluid have been found between normal women and those with breast disease, and a possible explanation may be differences in the levels of estrogen antagonists, such as progesterone.

585 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: To permit the expression of growth in terms of standard deviations, CDC developed growth curves from the observed data that approximate normal distributions to provide a highly useful data base that permits the standardized comparison of anthropometric data from different populations.

512 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is suggested that habitual, unrestricted consumption of low-fat diets may be an effective approach to weight control.

505 citations



Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: There is abundant evidence from dietary surveys that the consumption of fresh fruits and leafy green-yellow vegetables as well as the calculated consumption of the above-mentioned essential antioxidants is inversely related to the incidence of cancers.

419 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Digestion and absorption from the small intestine of starch and nonstarch polysaccharides (NSP) from potato cooked and treated in various ways have been studied in ileostomy subjects and in vitro studies with pancreatin demonstrated incomplete digestion of cooled potato.

367 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is conclusively demonstrated that metabolic efficiency is not necessarily or exclusively related to obesity.

353 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: An examination of data from international nutrition surveys revealed an artifactual drop in the prevalence of low height-for-age, low weight- for-height, and high weight-For-height at age 2 y, which is due substantially to these discontinuities rather than to intrinsic changes in nutritional status with age.

339 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Results suggest that foods such as vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and low-fat dairy items are major sources of nutrients that may be protective against hypertension.

333 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The amounts of intra-abdominal and subcutaneous abdominal fat could be accurately predicted from several circumferences, skinfold measurements, body mass index, and age (R2 ranged from 0.79 to 0.84); but the correlations of the circumference ratios with the areas of sub cutaneous fat were invariably lower.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Six healthy male volunteers underwent 2-wk metabolically controlled high-glycemic-index (GI) and low-GI diets in random order and results are of interest with respect to the effect that prolonged postprandial reductions in nutrient fluxes and insulin secretion may have on carbohydrate and lipid metabolism and renal function.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is concluded that the fatty acid compositions of the glycerolphospholipids of plasma, RBCs, and platelets reflect the major dietary fatty acids.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Although there appear to be other factors in bran that partly explain the inhibition, phytates are the main cause of the inhibitory effect of bran on iron absorption.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Comparing and contrasts four studies on exercise and cancer in relation to levels of physical activity on the job and in leisure time is compared and contrasts.


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The findings do not show a clear CVD risk from low selenium and vitamin levels, and although some of the risk estimates were strong, larger studies are required for definitive conclusions.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Newborn infants are at high risk because breast milk contains inadequate concentrations of vitamin K and their intestines are not yet colonized with vitamin K-producing bacteria, and supplementation of infants with vitaminK is highly advisable.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Serum calcium and phosphate were decreased whereas alkaline phosphatase and parathyroid hormone were increased throughout the year in the geriatric patients, which rapidly normalized serum 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol concentrations in vitamin D-deficient subjects.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Improved methods to measure 2H:1H and 18O:16O isotope ratios on microliter samples of biological fluids facilitate and extend the use of 2H and18O tracers in studies of body composition and energy expenditure.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Factors associated with unprocessed wheat flour, such as the natural starch-protein interaction, may be important in wheat products in reducing both their rate of absorption and glycemic response.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Low-GI diets may be of use in the management of lipid abnormalities associated with hypertriglyceridemia, and only in the group (24 patients) with raised triglyceride levels (types IIb, III, and IV) were significant lipid reductions seen.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the factors that influence vitamin D status were investigated in 125 patients with hip fracture and in 74 elderly control subjects, and a positive correlation between vitamin D intake and serum 25(OH)D was observed in the patients with low sunshine exposure.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: From reexamination of relevant literature, it seems safe to conclude that abnormalities in cell-mediated immunity and ability of neutrophils to kill several types of bacteria are well established under experimental conditions in iron-deficient patients.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The findings indicate that, even in early life, a central body fat pattern relates positively to insulin response to glucose load, and knowledge of body fat localization may help identify persons most susceptible to hyperinsulinemia in earlylife.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The nonstarch polysaccharides (NSP) of plants, such as cellulose, pectin, and hemicellulose, are non-α-glucan poly Saccharides, which tend to have a structural function and are the principal components of the plant cell wall.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is concluded that both Type I and Type II diabetes mellitus can result in changes in certain micronutrients, however, adequately controlled studies to establish the role of trace elements in the pathogenesis of diabetes Mellitus are not available.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A daily intake of 200-250 micrograms of dietary folates appears to meet the folate requirements of nonpregnant adult women whereas an intake of 300micrograms/d provides an allowance for storage.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Insulinemic indexes do not improve discrimination between foods taken alone in type 2 diabetics: they only discriminate between foods during mixed meals, similarly to glycemic indexes.