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JournalISSN: 0032-258X

The Police Journal 

SAGE Publishing
About: The Police Journal is an academic journal published by SAGE Publishing. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Law enforcement & Officer. It has an ISSN identifier of 0032-258X. Over the lifetime, 1315 publications have been published receiving 6089 citations. The journal is also known as: Theory, practice and principles.


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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a behaviour analysis of child molesters describing the role of child pornography in their offending behaviour is presented, which is based on the experience of Lanning in law enforcement work in this area.
Abstract: Over recent years, offences related to the production, possession and distribution of child pornography have assumed great prominence. Public attention has focused on these crimes as being particularly repellent and deserving of both proactive policing and, when detected, full and extensive investigation. Increased awareness of the problem of child pornography has been associated with a parallel recognition of the significance of the Internet as a medium for the distribution of both child pornography and the facilitation and propagation of a number of sexual offences against children. Most European countries have statutes that criminalise possession of child pornography, and it is now regarded as a serious offence in most jurisdictions, attracting significant sentences on conviction. Because of its emotive nature and also because possession is, in the main, illegal, research into child pornography has been limited. Little is known about the nature and extent of child pornography precisely because it is an illegal trade, and the distinctive qualities contributed by the current principal medium of distribution, the Internet, add even further complexity. Such work that there is tends to be from a limited evidential perspective. Lanning (1992), in what is amongst the most significant contributions to this area, outlined a behaviour analysis of child molesters describing the role of child pornography in their offending behaviour. He discussed motivation for collecting, the functions of collection and the characteristics of collections (for example important, constant, organised, permanent, concealed and shared). A major weakness of this work is its lack of empirical verification, relying instead on the experience of Lanning in law-enforcement work in this area. However, Lanning (24-6) introduces the important distinction between child pornography ('the sexually explicit reproduction of a child's image') and child erotica ('any material, relating to children, that serves a sexual purpose for a given individual'). The significance of this distinction is to emphasise the potential sexual qualities of a whole range of kinds of photograph (and other material as well) not all of which may meet obscenity criteria. The implications of that distinction in the context of the Internet could not at that time be fully explored, although Lanning does, in that and later work, clearly recognise the significance of the new technologies. The operational

156 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the first cohort of direct entry superintendents began an 18-month training course to enable them to bring their skills and experiences from previous careers into senior leaders.
Abstract: In November 2014, the first cohort of direct entry superintendents began an 18-month training course to enable them to bring their skills and experiences from previous careers into senior leadershi...

73 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the emergence of cyberstalking as a means of victimising individuals and minority groups is discussed, but rather than focusing on the activities of far-right groups, the authors discuss how technology can encourage individuals to harass others.
Abstract: This article discusses the emergence of cyberstalking as a means of victimising individuals and minority groups. However, rather than focusing on the activities of far-right groups, we discuss how technology can encourage individuals to harass others. The central argument made is that technology both enables and invites participation in criminal or antisocial behaviour from individuals who would not normally take part in such activities. One way in which this can be explained is by suggesting that some of the social and technological characteristics of the Internet act together in order to lower inhibitions and establish new norms. For instance, the anonymity offered by the Internet enables people to participate in activities such as encouraging violence against others with little fear of retaliation. In addition, by allowing a cyberstalker to harm another person at a distance, the victim is effectively depersonalised. In this way it can be argued that some of those who sympathise with the goals of far-right organisations may be reluctant to act in the offline world but more willing to act in the online world.

59 citations

Performance
Metrics
No. of papers from the Journal in previous years
YearPapers
202318
202257
202173
202023
201919
20182