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Showing papers in "Thin Solid Films in 2000"


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, an overview is given of various electronic effects present in polycrystalline thin film solar cells, which do not occur in standard crystalline Si solar cells and how these effects are treated numerically in a numerical solar cell simulation tool, SCAPS.

1,519 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors show the presence of adsorbed sites for coordinative saturation of sub-valence states (Ti2+, Ti3+), through hydroxyl incorporation.

653 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the effects of polyethylene glycol (PEG) addition to the precursor solution on the surface structures and photocatalytic activity of the resultant thin films are studied.

517 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the violet photoluminescence was achieved at room temperature (RT) from ZnO films grown on sapphire (001) substrate by pulsed laser deposition (PLD).

482 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Y Natsume1, H Sakata1
TL;DR: In this article, electrical conductivity and optical properties of undoped zinc oxide films prepared by the sol-gel process using a spin-coating technique were investigated, and it was shown that the optical band gap energy for the films was 3.20-3.21 eV and the electronic transition was of the direct transition type.

454 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The chameleon's ability to change skin color depending on environment to increase its chances of surviving served as an inspiration in the development of self-adaptive supertough wear-resistant coatings as mentioned in this paper.

446 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the structural and optical properties of CSS CdTe and CdS films and junctions are presented and the influence of some important CSS process parameters are discussed. And the authors present work carried out at the University South Florida sponsored by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory of the United States Department of Energy, fabricated using the close spaced sublimation (CSS) process.

356 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the structural, electrical and optical properties of transparent conducting aluminum-doped zinc oxide (AZO) thin films have been investigated as a function of Al-doping amount (0 − 4 wt%) in the target.

331 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors conducted a systematic investigation of solid solution thin films of Zn 1− x Mg x O, a group of ternary compounds of the Zn-Mg-O system.

330 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Hard super-hydrophobic thin films were prepared combining a phase separation of tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) induced by the addition of an acrylic polymer, and subsequent fluoroalkylsilane (FAS) coating as discussed by the authors.

319 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a sequence of self-limiting surface reactions was used to grow tungsten films with atomic layer control using a novel sequence of Self-Limiting Surface Reactions (SRL).

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the electrical, optical and structural properties of ITO thin films were investigated by using four-point probe method, which showed that the ITO films were polycrystalline with a cubic bixbyite structure.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a spray pyrolysis technique was used to obtain ZnO:X films doped with different elements, X=Al, In, Cu, Fe and Sn.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the erased state of the recording layer in a four-layered phase change optical disk, which was produced by an optical disk drive, was identified as an fcc crystal structure.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a resistivity of 3.1 A×10 −4 Ω cm was obtained in ZnO:Sc thin films prepared on a glass substrate at a temperature of 200°C with a Sc 2 O 3 content of 2 wt.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a planar round unbalanced magnetron of 100 mm in diameter was used to produce superhard (≥40 GPa) films with hardness of up to 47 GPa.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, CdO thin films have been prepared by the sol-gel technique, from a novel precursor solution based on Cd(OOCCH 3 ) 2 ·2H 2 O, ethylene glycol, glycerol, and triethylamine, on slide glass substrates.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the growth rate and properties of atomic layer deposited (ALD) Al 2 O 3 thin films were examined by varying the water dose in the Al(CH 3 ) 3 -H 2 O process at growth temperatures of 150-500°C.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the most intensive band in the Raman spectra at approximately 570 cm−1 has been assigned to electric field-induced Raman scattering on longitudinal optical phonons.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Growth regularity of ceramic coatings formed on Al-Cu-Mg alloy by microarc oxidation was investigated in this article, and the formation mechanism of coatings was discussed.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, structural, microstructural, interfacial, and surface morphological properties of Ba 0.60 Sr 0.40 TiO 3 thin films Mg doped from 0 to 20 mol%.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors used the concept of electronically-coupled quantum dots (QDs) and oxide-defined 10 μm apertures for surface-emitting QD lasers (300 K).

Journal ArticleDOI
D Mergel, D Buschendorf, S Eggert, R Grammes, B Samset1 
TL;DR: In this paper, a Clausius-Mosotti analysis of the refractive index n and the thickness of the thin amorphous films of titania was performed using the Lorentz-Lorenz plot.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the influence of the depositing Ti − energy, substrate types and substrate temperature on the structure, density, mechanical and optical properties of thin films of titanium dioxide have been investigated.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the influence of Na on the growth of thin-films was investigated by three model experiments and it was shown that Na influences the growth due to its interaction with Se.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, ultrathin and conformal Al2O3 films were deposited on BN particles using alternating exposures of Al(CH3)3 and H2O Transmission Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy performed in vacuum on high surface area Bn particles was used to monitor the surface chemistry during the sequential exposures.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the surface chemical structure of polyimide films was analyzed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and the results showed that the bonds originally contained in the polyimides structure were destroyed as a result of random collisions of the incident ions.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: An isopropyl substituted red fluorescent dye, 4-(dicyanomethylene)-2- i - propyl -6-(1,1,7,7-tetramethyljulolidyl-9-enyl)-4 H -pyran (DCJTI), has been found to be a good dopant in a host MQ 3 matrix which produces organic EL devices with essentially identical luminance efficiency and chromaticity to that of the t-butyl derivative, DCJTB as discussed by the authors.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, functionally graded yttria stabilized ZrO2/NiCoCrAlY coatings are prepared using pre-alloyed and spheroidized composite powders as the feedstock and the thermal properties of the coatings were studied.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a cathodically electrodeposited films of ZnO were made by reduction of dissolved oxygen in a non-aqueous solution (dimethylsulfoxide) containing a Zn salt.