Journal•ISSN: 0042-3114

# Vehicle System Dynamics

About: Vehicle System Dynamics is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Vehicle dynamics & Poison control. It has an ISSN identifier of 0042-3114. Over the lifetime, 3450 publication(s) have been published receiving 84618 citation(s).

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TL;DR: The Magic Formula model as mentioned in this paper provides a set of mathematical formulae from which the forces and moment acting from road to tyre can be calculated at longitudinal, lateral and camber slip conditions, which may occur simultaneously.

Abstract: An account is given of the latest version 3 of the Magic Formula tyre model. The model provides a set of mathematical formulae from which the forces and moment acting from road to tyre can be calculated at longitudinal, lateral and camber slip conditions, which may occur simultaneously. The model aims at an accurate description of measured steady-state tyre behaviour. The coefficients of the basic formula represent typifying quantities of the tyre characteristic. By selecting proper values, the characteristics for either side force, aligning torque or fore and aft force can be obtained. The new version of the model contains physically based formulations to avoid the introduction of correction factors. Double-sided, possibly non-symmetric pure slip curves are employed as the basis for combined slip calculations. Suggestions are given to estimate the driving part of the longitudinal slip curve and to represent the characteristic at rolling backwards.

835 citations

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TL;DR: An algorithm “Fastsim” for the simplified theory of rolling contact is described which is 15-25 times as fast as the existing programs Simrol (Kalker), and 3 times asfast as Rolcon (Knothe).

Abstract: SUMMARY An algorithm “Fastsim” for the simplified theory of rolling contact is described which is 15-25 times as fast as the existing programs Simrol (Kalker), and 3 times as fast as Rolcon (Knothe). The relative total force computed with Fastsim differs at most 0.2 from that calculated with Simrol, Simcona (Goree & Law), Rolcon, and the “exact” program Duvorol (Kalker). Descriptions and lists of an Algol 60, and HP 67 program version are available upon request: the Fortran IV version is given in the paper.

697 citations

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TL;DR: A review of dynamic modelling of railway track and of the interaction of vehicle and track at frequencies which are sufficiently high for the track's dynamic behaviour to be significant is presented in this paper.

Abstract: A review is presented of dynamic modelling of railway track and of the interaction of vehicle and track at frequencies which are sufficiently high for the track's dynamic behaviour to be significant. Since noise is one of the most important consequences of wheel/rail interaction at high frequencies, the maximum frequency of interest is about 5kHz: the limit of human hearing. The topic is reviewed both historically and in particular with reference to the application of modelling to the solution of practical problems. Good models of the rail, the sleeper and the wheelset are now available for the whole frequency range of interest. However, it is at present impossible to predict either the dynamic behaviour of the railpad and ballast or their long term behaviour. This is regarded as the most promising area for future research.

568 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, the authors investigated two different longitudinal control policies for automatically controlled vehicles, one is based on maintaining a constant spacing between the vehicles while the other is based upon maintaining the constant headway (or time) between successive vehicles.

Abstract: SUMMARY This paper investigates two different longitudinal control policies for automatically controlled vehicles. One is based on maintaining a constant spacing between the vehicles while the other is based upon maintaining a constant headway (or time) between successive vehicles. To avoid collisions in the platoon, controllers have to be designed to ensure string stability, i.e the spacing errors should not get amplified as they propagate upstream from vehicle to vehicle. A measure of string stability is introduced and a systematic method of designing constant spacing controllers which guarantee string stability is presented. The constant headway policy does not require inter-vehicle communication to assure string stablity. Also, since inter-vehicle communication is not required it can be used in systems with mixed automated-nonautomated vehicles, e.g for AICC (Autonomous Intelligent Cruise Control). It is shown in this paper that for all the autonomous headway control laws, the desired control torques ...

464 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a three-dimensional vehicle-track coupled dynamics model is developed in which a typical railway passenger vehicle is modelled as a 35-degree-of-freedom multi-body system.

Abstract: This paper presents a framework to investigate the dynamics of overall vehicle-track systems with emphasis on theoretical modelling, numerical simulation and experimental validation. A three-dimensional vehicle-track coupled dynamics model is developed in which a typical railway passenger vehicle is modelled as a 35-degree-of-freedom multi-body system. A traditional ballasted track is modelled as two parallel continuous beams supported by a discrete-elastic foundation of three layers with sleepers and ballasts included. The non-ballasted slab track is modelled as two parallel continuous beams supported by a series of elastic rectangle plates on a viscoelastic foundation. The vehicle subsystem and the track subsystem are coupled through a wheel-rail spatial coupling model that considers rail vibrations in vertical, lateral and torsional directions. Random track irregularities expressed by track spectra are considered as system excitations by means of a time-frequency transformation technique. A fast explicit integration method is applied to solve the large nonlinear equations of motion of the system in the time domain. A computer program named TTISIM is developed to predict the vertical and lateral dynamic responses of the vehicle-track coupled system. The theoretical model is validated by full-scale field experiments, including the speed-up test on the Beijing-Qinhuangdao line and the high-speed running test on the Qinhuangdao-Shenyang line. Differences in the dynamic responses analysed by the vehicle-track coupled dynamics and by the classical vehicle dynamics are ascertained in the case of vehicles passing through curved tracks.

462 citations