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Showing papers in "Women & Criminal Justice in 2021"


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, image-based sexual abuse (IBSA) is defined as the nonconsensual taking or sharing (including threats to share) nude or sexual images of women.
Abstract: Digital technologies are increasingly being used to abuse, harass, and victimize women. Image-based sexual abuse (IBSA)—the nonconsensual taking or sharing (including threats to share) nude or sexu...

21 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Using a two-by-two vignette-based experimental design, this paper examined the effects of women's symbolic representation in sexual assault units and the arrest rate for interpersonal viole...
Abstract: Using a two-by-two vignette-based experimental design, this study aimed to examine the effects of women’s symbolic representation in sexual assault units and the arrest rate for interpersonal viole...

14 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors assessed patterns of sexual victimization among young riders of rail-bound public transportation using a sample of 1,122 university students, using principles of environmental criminology.
Abstract: Informed by principles of environmental criminology, this study assesses patterns of sexual victimization among young riders of rail-bound public transportation using a sample of 1,122 university s ...

10 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Polygamy violates the basic human rights of women involved in it as discussed by the authors, and it is an institution that is usually shaped by multiple factors that are not limited to gender discrimination, such as race, ethnic...
Abstract: Polygamy violates the basic human rights of women involved in it. It is an institution that is usually shaped by multiple factors that are not limited to gender discrimination, such as race, ethnic...

9 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors used a sample of felony cases referred to one Prosecutor's Office in Ohio, the curren..., to evaluate the role of prosecutorial discretion in the criminal court system.
Abstract: Scholars continue to recognize the important role prosecutorial discretion plays in the criminal court system. Using a sample of felony cases referred to one Prosecutor’s Office in Ohio, the curren...

9 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Although street harassment has become an alarming issue in Pakistan, no efforts have been made to collect/compile data of this phenomenon as mentioned in this paper, and no effort has been made for collecting/compiling data of street harassment in Pakistan.
Abstract: Although street harassment has become an alarming issue in Pakistan, no efforts have been made to collect/compile data of this phenomenon. Drawing on in-depth interviews with teachers of public sec...

9 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Ayse Gunes1
TL;DR: In this article, the authors examined Turkey's Law No. 6284, which was enacted pursuant to the Istanbul Convention's obligations for signatories to combat and prevent violence against women.
Abstract: This study examines Turkey’s Law No. 6284, which was enacted pursuant to the Istanbul Convention’s obligations for signatories to combat and prevent violence against women. The law aims to provide ...

8 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the Nordic Paradox, the apparently contradictory co-existence of gender inequality and intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW), was identified as a global public health issue often assumed to be associated with gender inequality.
Abstract: Intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) is a global public health issue often assumed to be associated with gender inequality. The so-called Nordic Paradox, the apparently contradictory co-...

7 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In recent years, high profile cases involving the deadly use of force on men and boys of color have raised concerns about police interactions with people of color as discussed by the authors. In general, these highly publiciz...
Abstract: In recent years, high profile cases involving the deadly use of force on men and boys of color have raised concerns about police interactions with people of color. In general, these highly publiciz...

7 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Despite the notable expansion in research on mass incarceration and reentry, we know relatively little about women who have spent a good portion of their lives enmeshed in the criminal justice system as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: Despite the notable expansion in research on mass incarceration and reentry, we know relatively little about how women who have spent a good portion of their lives enmeshed in the criminal justice ...

7 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In the United States, stalking began to be criminalized on the heels of news stories in the late 1980s in the USA, and little is known about how states have responded to stalking, e.g. as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: Stalking began to be criminalized on the heels of news stories in the late 1980s in the United States of America (USA). Unfortunately, little is known about how states have responded to stalking, e...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors describe how sexual assault is a highly underreported crime with many survivors feeling dissatisfied regarding their contact with the police and while procedural justice can improve police interactions, it has rec...
Abstract: Sexual assault is a highly underreported crime with many survivors feeling dissatisfied regarding their contact with the police. While procedural justice can improve police interactions, it has rec...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, female correctional staff face multiple challenges when working in a male prison environment and perceptions of competence and gendered divisions of labor are prevalent in the negotiated order of a pr...
Abstract: Female correctional staff face multiple challenges when working in a male prison environment. Perceptions of competence and gendered divisions of labor are prevalent in the negotiated order of a pr...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the women of color in federal law enforcement were not represented in a study of women's experiences in law enforcement, but were represented as a homogeneous group of women.
Abstract: There has been a rise in scholarship targeting women’s experiences in federal law enforcement. Missing, however, are the women of color, as all previous studies capture women as a homogeneous group...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Early adverse experiences have been identified as a salient risk factor for crime and delinquency as mentioned in this paper, however, past empirical studies predominantly used youth and young adult samples; much less is kno...
Abstract: Early adverse experiences have been identified as a salient risk factor for crime and delinquency. However, past empirical studies predominantly used youth and young adult samples; much less is kno...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the nature of the online world is such that the permanence and desistance of hate is greater than its offline counterpart, and research has demonstrated how LGBTQ+ hate is widespread on the internet.
Abstract: Research has demonstrated how LGBTQ+ hate is widespread on the internet. The nature of the online world is such that the permanence and desistance of hate is greater than its offline counterpart. H...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors examined Broidy and Agnew's claim that gender disparity in crime may be due to male and females' experience of distinct emotional reactions to strain and different reactions to stress, respectively.
Abstract: This study examines Broidy and Agnew’s propositions that gender disparity in crime may be due to (1) male and females’ experience of distinct emotional reactions to strain and (2) male and females’...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the lived experiences of Afghan women and girls trafficked into forced marriage in Balochistan province of Pakistan and identified the processes that lead to their exploitati....
Abstract: This article showcases the lived experiences of Afghan women and girls trafficked into forced marriage in Balochistan province of Pakistan and identifies the processes that lead to their exploitati...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors studied how different types of substances used at the time of the sexual assault impact post-assault post-surveillance data, and found that sexual assaults involving victim substance use were common.
Abstract: Sexual assaults involving victim substance use at the time of the assault are common, but little is known about how different types of substances used at the time of the assault impact post-assault...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors discusses the role that gender and age play in female crime and delinquency in Portugal, drawing on the voices of female offenders across different generations (childhood, youth, and ad...
Abstract: This article discusses the role that gender and age play in female crime and delinquency in Portugal, drawing on the voices of female offenders across different generations—childhood, youth, and ad...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors test two competing hypotheses about the effects of officer gender on the performance of policing, and find that both hypotheses are false positives, and that policing has traditionally been viewed as a masculine and male-dominated profession.
Abstract: Policing has historically been conceptualized as a masculine and male-dominated profession. As part of the present research, we test two competing hypotheses about the effects of officer gender on ...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The Indiana Department of Corrections (IDOC) uses the IYAS-RES, a risk assessment tool comprised of the following domains: juvenile justice history; family and living arrangements; peers and social...
Abstract: The Indiana Department of Corrections (IDOC) uses the IYAS-RES, a risk assessment tool comprised of the following domains: juvenile justice history; family and living arrangements; peers and social...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors argue that gay dating platform-facilitated crimes and abuses in India are produced and perpetuated by structural queerphobia and sex-negativity in Indian society.
Abstract: This paper argues that gay dating platform-facilitated crimes and abuses in India are produced and perpetuated by structural queerphobia and sex-negativity in Indian society. We illustrate how sex-negativity and queerphobia are embedded in Indian families, neighborhoods, criminal law, and the criminal justice system, which help produce/exacerbate these crimes. We offer some recommendations as to how these can be changed and posit that future empirical studies should focus on reforming societal structures producing/exacerbating these crimes. We also suggest that framing safe dating advice in a more sex-positive light will reduce self-blame and better address these issues. Overall, we contend that a sex-positive queer-criminological theoretical lens will offer more effective approaches on which to base preventative measures and assist in supporting those experiencing such crimes.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors investigated the transition of repeat female offenders' community transitions following incarceration, and their subsequent return to jail, and examined the needs at release and whether unmet needs were met.
Abstract: Repeat female offenders’ community transitions following incarceration, and their subsequent return to jail were investigated. Specifically examined were needs at release and whether unmet needs, p...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: For example, this article found that offenders who are more physically attractive are more likely to experience leniency in verdict and sentencing, and there is evidence that other extralega....
Abstract: Sentencing research suggests that offenders who are more physically attractive are more likely to experience leniency in verdict and sentencing. Additionally, there is evidence that other extralega...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In Turkey, discrimination against women has cultural, sociological, and legal causes as mentioned in this paper, and education, health, employment, and social life carry traces of gender discrimination in Turkey.
Abstract: In Turkey, discrimination against women has cultural, sociological, and legal causes. Education, health, employment, and social life carry traces of gender discrimination. Gender inequality also oc...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Although incarceration of women in the United States is at a historic high, the understanding of women's experiences in prison and how this time affects their lives after prison is very limited as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: Although incarceration of women in the United States is at a historic high, the understanding of women’s experiences in prison and how this time affects their lives after prison is very limited. Qu...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Gender-and race-based discrimination in jury selection is unconstitutional in the United States as mentioned in this paper, and empirical evidence suggests that discrimination on such characteristic is not justified by the evidence available.
Abstract: Gender- and race-based discrimination in jury selection is unconstitutional in the United States. Nevertheless, court cases and empirical evidence suggest that discrimination on such characteristic...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper examined representations of policewomen and gender communicated in Canadian police museums, drawing from interviews, fieldnotes, and visual data, and examined four trends from their dataset, including: First, w...
Abstract: Drawing from interviews, fieldnotes, and visual data, we examine representations of policewomen and gender communicated in Canadian police museums. We examine four trends from our dataset. First, w...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Despite a growing awareness and documentation of the growing proportion of justice-involved girls and their unique needs over the last three decades, federal efforts to disseminate gender-responsiv... as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: Despite a growing awareness and documentation of the growing proportion of justice-involved girls and their unique needs over the last three decades, federal efforts to disseminate gender-responsiv...