WSEAS Transactions on Signal Processing archive
About: WSEAS Transactions on Signal Processing archive is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Signal & Filter (signal processing). Over the lifetime, 250 publication(s) have been published receiving 1554 citation(s).
TL;DR: Compared with other methods, employing the radix sort makes the detection much more efficient without degradation of detection quality.
Abstract: This paper proposes a method for detecting copy-move forgery over images tampered by copy-move. To detect such forgeries, the given image is divided into overlapping blocks of equal size, feature for each block is then extracted and represented as a vector, all the extracted feature vectors are then sorted using the radix sort. The difference (shift vector) of the positions of every pair of adjacent feature vectors in the sorting list is computed. The accumulated number of each of the shift vectors is evaluated. A large accumulated number is considered as possible presence of a duplicated region, and thus all the feature vectors corresponding to the shift vectors with large accumulated numbers are detected, whose corresponding blocks are then marked to form a tentative detected result. Finally, the medium filtering and connected component analysis are performed on the tentative detected result to obtain the final result. Compared with other methods, employing the radix sort makes the detection much more efficient without degradation of detection quality.
TL;DR: In this article, a cumulant-based method for identification of gait using accelerometer data is presented, where feature vectors for classification were built using dimension reduction on calculated cumulants by principal component analysis (PCA).
Abstract: In this paper a cumulant-based method for identification of gait using accelerometer data is presented. Acceleration data of three different walking speeds (slow, normal and fast) for each subject was acquired by the accelerometer embedded in cell phone which was attached to the person's hip. Data analysis was based on gait cycles that were detected first. Cumulants of order from 1 to 4 with different number of lags were calculated. Feature vectors for classification were built using dimension reduction on calculated cumulants by principal component analysis (PCA). The classification was accomplished by support vector machines (SVM) with radial basis kernel. According to portion of variance covered in the calculated principal components, different lengths of feature vectors were tested. Six healthy young subjects participated in the experiment. The average person recognition rate based on gait classification was 90.3±3.2%. A similarity measure for discerning different walking types of the same subject was also introduced using dimension reduction on accelerometer data by PCA.
TL;DR: An edge detection technique that is based on ACO is presented, which establishes a pheromone matrix that represents the edge information at each pixel based on the routes formed by the ants dispatched on the image.
Abstract: Ant colony optimization (ACO) is a population-based metaheuristic that mimics the foraging behavior of ants to find approximate solutions to difficult optimization problems. It can be used to find good solutions to combinatorial optimization problems that can be transformed into the problem of finding good paths through a weighted construction graph. In this paper, an edge detection technique that is based on ACO is presented. The proposed method establishes a pheromone matrix that represents the edge information at each pixel based on the routes formed by the ants dispatched on the image. The movement of the ants is guided by the local variation in the image's intensity values. The proposed ACO-based edge detection method takes advantage of the improvements introduced in ant colony system, one of the main extensions to the original ant system. Experimental results show the success of the technique in extracting edges from a digital image.
TL;DR: It is suggested that a neural network could be trained to recognize an optimum ratio for Haar wavelet compression of an image upon presenting the image to the network.
Abstract: Wavelet-based image compression provides substantial improvements in picture quality at higher compression ratios. Haar wavelet transform based compression is one of the methods that can be applied for compressing images. An ideal image compression system must yield good quality compressed images with good compression ratio, while maintaining minimal time cost. With Wavelet transform based compression, the quality of compressed images is usually high, and the choice of an ideal compression ratio is difficult to make as it varies depending on the content of the image. Therefore, it is of great advantage to have a system that can determine an optimum compression ratio upon presenting it with an image. We propose that neural networks can be trained to establish the non-linear relationship between the image intensity and its compression ratios in search for an optimum ratio. This paper suggests that a neural network could be trained to recognize an optimum ratio for Haar wavelet compression of an image upon presenting the image to the network. Two neural networks receiving different input image sizes are developed in this work and a comparison between their performances in finding optimum Haar-based compression is presented.
TL;DR: A Hidden Markov Model (HMM) based word and triphone acoustic models for medium and large vocabulary continuous speech recognizers for Tamil language are attempted.
Abstract: Building a continuous speech recognizer for the Indian language like Tamil is a challenging task due to the unique inherent features of the language like long and short vowels, lack of aspirated stops, aspirated consonants and many instances of allophones. Stress and accent vary in spoken Tamil language from region to region. But in formal read Tamil speech, stress and accents are ignored. There are three approaches to continuous speech recognition (CSR) based on the sub-word unit viz. word, phoneme and syllable. Like other Indian languages, Tamil is also syllabic in nature. Pronunciation of words and sentences is strictly governed by set of linguistic rules. Many attempts have been made to build continuous speech recognizers for Tamil for small and restricted tasks. However medium and large vocabulary CSR for Tamil is relatively new and not explored. In this paper, the authors have attempted to build a Hidden Markov Model (HMM) based word and triphone acoustic models. The objective of this research is to build a small vocabulary word based and a medium vocabulary triphone based continuous speech recognizers for Tamil language. In this experimentation, a word based Context Independent (CI) acoustic model for 371 unique words and a triphone based Context Dependent (CD) acoustic model for 1700 unique words have been built. In addition to the acoustic models a pronunciation dictionary with 44 base phones and trigram based statistical language model have also been built as integral components of the linguist. These recognizers give very good word accuracy for trained and test sentences read by trained and new speakers.
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