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Journal ArticleDOI

1, 1'-Sulfinyldiethylammonium Bis (Hydrogen Sulfate) as a Recyclable Dicationic Ionic Liquid Catalyst for the Efficient Solvent-free Synthesis of 3, 4-Dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones via Biginelli Reaction.

01 Jan 2020-Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening (Comb Chem High Throughput Screen)-Vol. 23, Iss: 2, pp 157-167
TL;DR: 1, 1'-Sulfinyldiethylammonium bis (hydrogen sulfate), as a novel dicationic ionic liquid, can act as a highly efficient catalyst for the synthesis of 3, 4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones under solvent-free conditions.
Abstract: OBJECTIVE A facile and efficient method for synthesis of 3, 4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones via Biginelli reaction catalyzed by a novel dicationic Bronsted acidic ionic liquid, [(EtNH2)2SO][HSO4]2, has been successfully developed. MATERIALS AND METHODS 3, 4-Dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones were synthesized through one-pot condensation of aromatic aldehydes, ethyl acetoacetate, and urea under solvent-free conditions using [(EtNH2)2SO][HSO4]2 as a novel catalyst. The progress of the reaction was monitored by thin-layer chromatography (ethyl acetate / n-hexane = 1 / 5). The products have been characterized by IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, and also by their melting points. RESULTS In this research, a library of dihydropyrimidinone derivatives was synthesized via Biginelli reaction under solvent-free conditions at 120oC using [(EtNH2)2SO][HSO4]2 as a catalyst. Various aromatic aldehydes, as well as heteroaromatic aldehydes, were employed, affording good to high yields of the corresponding products and illustrating the substrate generality of the present method. In addition, the prepared dicationic Bronsted acidic ionic liquid can be easily recovered and reused. CONCLUSION 1, 1'-Sulfinyldiethylammonium bis (hydrogen sulfate), as a novel dicationic ionic liquid, can act as a highly efficient catalyst for the synthesis of 3, 4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones under solvent-free conditions.
References
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This review highlights recent developments in the synthesis of functionalized 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones with a focus on the DHPMs recently developed as calcium channel modulators, alpha(1a) adrenoceptor-selective antagonists and compounds that target the mitotic machinery.

1,191 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Kappe Co1
TL;DR: This Account highlights recent developments in the Biginelli reaction in areas such as solid-phase synthesis, combinatorial chemistry, and natural product synthesis.
Abstract: In 1893, P. Biginelli reported the synthesis of functionalized 3, 4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones (DHPMs) via three-component condensation reaction of an aromatic aldehyde, urea, and ethyl acetoacetate. In the past decade, this long-neglected multicomponent reaction has experienced a remarkable revival, mainly due to the interesting pharmacological properties associated with this dihydropyrimidine scaffold. In this Account, we highlight recent developments in the Biginelli reaction in areas such as solid-phase synthesis, combinatorial chemistry, and natural product synthesis.

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TL;DR: The results demonstrate that the active R-(-)-enantiomer 20a of 7 is both more potent and longer acting than nifedipine (1) as an antihypertensive agent in the SHR.
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TL;DR: Ionic liquids have emerged as an environmentally friendly alternative to the volatile organic solvents and have been used in many applications in various fields like catalysis, electrochemistry, spectroscopy, and material science as discussed by the authors.

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TL;DR: This article provides a comprehensive review on applications of acidic ionic liquids in a wide array of fields including catalysis, CO2 fixation, ionogel, electrolyte, fuel-cell, membrane, biomass processing, biodiesel synthesis, desulfurization of gasoline/diesel, metal processing, and metal electrodeposition.
Abstract: Ionic liquid with acidic properties is an important branch in the wide ionic liquid field and the aim of this article is to cover all aspects of these acidic ionic liquids, especially focusing on the developments in the last four years. The structural diversity and synthesis of acidic ionic liquids are discussed in the introduction sections of this review. In addition, an unambiguous classification system for various types of acidic ionic liquids is presented in the introduction. The physical properties including acidity, thermo-physical properties, ionic conductivity, spectroscopy, and computational studies on acidic ionic liquids are covered in the next sections. The final section provides a comprehensive review on applications of acidic ionic liquids in a wide array of fields including catalysis, CO2 fixation, ionogel, electrolyte, fuel-cell, membrane, biomass processing, biodiesel synthesis, desulfurization of gasoline/diesel, metal processing, and metal electrodeposition.

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