112: effects of brown rice (oryza sativa) in the dietary management of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
TL;DR: Brown rice is an effective dietary management for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and nurses must be informed to include brown rice in their diet.
Abstract: Background high in fiber that controls blood sugar levels. Currently, it is included in the Philippine National Unified Health Research Agenda for 2011–2016. The study will help patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus achieve optimal nutrition and prevent complications. Objectives To determine the effects of brown rice on the following parameters- Fasting Blood Glucose and Random Blood Glucose levels, Blood Pressure, Body Weight, and Body mass Index. Methods Using quasi-experimental design, subjects were purposively selected from Mandaluyong City (n=24). The inclusion criteria are: 25–60 years old, diagnosed with Type II DM within 1–3 years, and without complications. Subjects were divided and randomly assigned into two groups. The experimental group received Harvester9s® brown rice and were asked to take 1 cup of brown rice per meal daily for 8 weeks. The non-equivalent comparison group remained to eat white rice using the same measurement for the same period. Monitoring and compliance were assessed using scheduled and unscheduled visits of at least twice a week. Using measuring devices, laboratory test, and monitoring tools, the effects of brown rice in the five parameters were measured- FBS and RBS levels, BP, body weight and BMI. Devices were calibrated before the tests. The differences between the two groups were tested across all parameters using the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Z, Likelihood Chi- Square, and Paired Samples Student9s t-test. Result Those who were given brown rice showed statistically significant decrease in FBS, RBS, body weight and BMI from pre-test to week 3, 5, 7 and post-test (p-values Conclusion Brown rice is an effective dietary management for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diabetic patients must be informed to include brown rice in their diet. These results provide basis for nurses in providing health education regarding positive effects of brown rice.
TL;DR: In a healthful diet, increasing whole-grain foods, whether high in soluble or insoluble fiber, can reduce blood pressure and may help to control weight.
Abstract: The objective of this study was to compare the effects on blood pressure of predominantly insoluble fiber (whole wheat and brown rice) and soluble fiber (barley) in a whole-grain diet. Subjects (seven men, nine premenopausal women, and nine postmenopausal women) consumed a controlled Step I diet for 2 weeks; then about 20% of energy was replaced with whole wheat/brown rice, barley, or half wheat-rice/half barley, for 5 weeks each. Blood pressure was determined weekly and weight daily before breakfast. Urinary excretions of minerals that might affect blood pressure and urea nitrogen were determined each period. Systolic pressure was lower after the wheat/rice and half-and-half diets. Diastolic and mean arterial pressures were reduced by all whole-grain diets. No differences were observed in urinary measurements. In a healthful diet, increasing whole-grain foods, whether high in soluble or insoluble fiber, can reduce blood pressure and may help to control weight.