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A 3D Numerical Study on Opposed Flow Flame-Spread over Thin Parallel Fuel Sheets of Finite Widths in Microgravity

01 Jan 2017-pp 551-558
TL;DR: In this article, a model of flame spread over an array of fuel sheets of finite width size has been modeled and numerically investigated for opposed, low convective flows in microgravity, and steady flame spread rates were observed for all separation distances up to the separation distance of flame extinction.
Abstract: Flame spread over an array of fuel sheets of finite width size has been modeled and numerically investigated for opposed, low convective flows in microgravity. As opposed to the previous studies based on 2D models, steady flame spread rates were observed for all separation distances up to the separation distance of flame extinction. The flame spread rate increased with decrease in separation distance up to a point where it was maximum, further reduction in separation distance, reduced the flame spread rate. The flammability map as a function of separation distance was also obtained for different fuel widths. While the extinction map qualitatively matches with the flammability map obtained from the 2D model, the flame extinguished at higher oxygen levels with the decrease in fuel width due to radiation heat losses.