scispace - formally typeset
Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1007/S11709-021-0716-X

A collaborative approach for urban underground space development toward sustainable development goals: Critical dimensions and future directions

04 Mar 2021-Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering (Higher Education Press)-Vol. 15, Iss: 1, pp 20-45
Abstract: The utilization of urban underground space (UUS) offers an effective solution to urban problems but may also negatively affect urban development. Therefore, UUS development needs better concerted guidelines to coordinate various urban systems and the multiple components of the underground world. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which should be viewed as important yardsticks for UUS development, do not explicitly mention urban underground space, although many of them are affected by both the positive and negative consequences of its development. To fill this gap, this review lays the foundations of relevant UUS concepts and uses exemplary cases to reveal that 11 out of 17 SDGs can be linked with UUS uses. These linkages also manifest that land administration, integrated planning, architectural design, and construction technology are critical dimensions for increasing the contributions of UUS to the realization of SDGs. To achieve multi-disciplinary synergies among these four critical dimensions, a collaborative approach framework based on spatial data infrastructure is required. Thus, this work provides academics and practitioners with a holistic view of sustainable UUS development.

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Topics: Urban planning (54%), Sustainable development (52%)

8 results found

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/19475705.2021.1933614
Qian Zheng1, Qian Zheng2, Hai-Min Lyu1, Annan Zhou2  +1 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: This article presents a case study on the risk assessment of geohazards along Cheng-Kun railway line. Cheng-Kun railway passes through a region of highly varied elevation and faults and the operati...

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4 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)CF.1943-5509.0001658
Yong Tan1, Ying-Ying Long1Institutions (1)
Abstract: In the past several years, the high frequency of cave-in failures of urban roadways has posed a serious threat to the safety of traffic, pedestrians, and existing structures and facilities ...

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Topics: Sinkhole (52%)

3 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.TUST.2021.104108
Yun-Hao Dong1, Fang-Le Peng1, Teng-Fei Guo1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Unprecedented rail transit development in China’s megacities has boosted the utilization of metro-led underground space (MUS). Vigorous MUS is critical for sustainable underground space use and urban development. To date, the urban vitality of MUS based on multi-source big data has been far less researched. Although the mechanism and influence factors of MUS vitality have been revealed in previous studies, its quantitative assessment method still remains an important challenge. In this paper, the assessment indicator system was established, considering driving factors of the spatial accessibility, coordination of MUS and ground space, and development scale. MUS samples in Shanghai Inner Ring Area were evaluated regarding urban vitality using the technique for order preference by similarity to an ideal solution (TOPSIS) method. K-means cluster analysis was adopted to mine the features of vitality distribution, and three types of MUS as well as their characteristics were systematically summarized. Based on the spatial function, the MUS was further regrouped to investigate the regularities of MUS vitality in distinct categories. To validate the proposed method, regression analysis was conducted using location-based service data and smart card data. The results show that the assessment results basically accord with the validation data. However, there is still some room for improvement concerning MUS vitality. The proposed assessment method provides an efficient tool for planning and design of MUS in different scenarios, and the practical understanding of MUS development was strengthened.

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3 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/LAND10101101
17 Oct 2021-Land
Abstract: The development and use of underground space is a necessity for most cities in response to rapid urbanisation. Effective underground land administration is critical for sustainable urban development. From a land administration perspective, the ownership extent of underground assets is essential for planning and managing underground areas. In some jurisdictions, physical structures (e.g., walls, ceilings, and utilities) are also necessary to delineate the ownership extent of underground assets. The current practice of underground land administration focuses on the ownership of underground space and mostly relies on 2D survey plans. This inefficient and fragmented 2D-based underground data management and communication results in several issues including boundary disputes, underground strikes, delays and disruptions in projects, economic losses, and urban planning issues. This study provides a review of underground land administration from three common aspects: legal, institutional, and technical. A range of important challenges have been identified based on the current research and practice. To address these challenges, the authors of this study propose a new framework for 3D underground land administration. The proposed framework outlines the future research directions to upgrade underground land administration using integrated 3D digital approaches.

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Topics: Land administration (63%), Urban planning (53%)

2 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.ENBUILD.2021.111313
Yun-Hao Dong1, Fang-Le Peng1, Yong-Kang Qiao1, Jun-Bo Zhang2  +1 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: The development of underground spaces has been regarded as a major contributor to urban environmental sustainability. However, insufficient attention has been paid to the environmental externalities of urban underground facilities (UUFs) due to the lack of a bespoke tool for the identification and monetary valuation of such externalities, resulting in the irrational use of underground spaces. To this end, this study systematically explores the categories of environmental externalities tailored to UUFs, considering both environmental contributions and losses. Furthermore, the framework of the replacement/restoration cost method (RCM) was employed to measure the environmental externalities of UUFs in monetary terms, and the framework was then applied to a series of representative UUFs in China as a case study. The results indicate that the monetary value of the environmental externalities derived from UUFs is non-negligible compared to its construction cost, and the positive externalities dramatically outweigh the negative ones. In addition, there are apparent differences in the constituents of externalities among different types of UUFs. It is found that the effects of energy conservation, air pollution and noise pollution prevention proved to be the main contributions of UUFs to sustainability. This study aims to provide a useful model for the identification and measurement of the environmental externalities derived from UUFs, thus aiding in the decision support of underground space planning, as well as obtaining a sound understanding of the role of underground spaces in sustainable development.

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Topics: Sustainability (54%), Sustainable development (52%)

1 Citations


166 results found

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/495305A
20 Mar 2013-Nature
Abstract: Planetary stability must be integrated with United Nations targets to fight poverty and secure human well-being, argue David Griggs and colleagues.

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Topics: Sustainable development (63%), Poverty (54%)

1,620 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.ENVINT.2020.105832
Abstract: During the rapid rise in COVID-19 illnesses and deaths globally, and notwithstanding recommended precautions, questions are voiced about routes of transmission for this pandemic disease. Inhaling small airborne droplets is probable as a third route of infection, in addition to more widely recognized transmission via larger respiratory droplets and direct contact with infected people or contaminated surfaces. While uncertainties remain regarding the relative contributions of the different transmission pathways, we argue that existing evidence is sufficiently strong to warrant engineering controls targeting airborne transmission as part of an overall strategy to limit infection risk indoors. Appropriate building engineering controls include sufficient and effective ventilation, possibly enhanced by particle filtration and air disinfection, avoiding air recirculation and avoiding overcrowding. Often, such measures can be easily implemented and without much cost, but if only they are recognised as significant in contributing to infection control goals. We believe that the use of engineering controls in public buildings, including hospitals, shops, offices, schools, kindergartens, libraries, restaurants, cruise ships, elevators, conference rooms or public transport, in parallel with effective application of other controls (including isolation and quarantine, social distancing and hand hygiene), would be an additional important measure globally to reduce the likelihood of transmission and thereby protect healthcare workers, patients and the general public.

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Topics: Airborne transmission (63%)

480 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/S41560-017-0036-5
01 Jan 2018-Nature Energy
Abstract: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development—including 17 interconnected Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 targets—is a global plan of action for people, planet and prosperity. SDG7 calls for action to ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all. Here we characterize synergies and trade-offs between efforts to achieve SDG7 and delivery of the 2030 Agenda as a whole. We identify 113 targets requiring actions to change energy systems, and published evidence of relationships between 143 targets (143 synergies, 65 trade-offs) and efforts to achieve SDG7. Synergies and trade-offs exist in three key domains, where decisions about SDG7 affect humanity’s ability to: realize aspirations of greater welfare and well-being; build physical and social infrastructures for sustainable development; and achieve sustainable management of the natural environment. There is an urgent need to better organize, connect and extend this evidence, to help all actors work together to achieve sustainable development. The UN’s Agenda for Sustainable Development has 17 goals with 169 targets for action across a range of issues, with access to sustainable energy for all being Goal 7. This Perspective analyses interlinkages between energy systems, Goal 7 and the other goals at the target level, identifying synergies and trade-offs between them.

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361 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1071/AM01075_BR
Abstract: SUBTERRANEAN rodents are intriguing subjects for research. On the one hand they display extreme variability in social organisation and life history, and exhibit a range of unique adaptations in morphology and physiology that allow exploitation of different habitats. On the other hand, field studies of subterranean rodents are exceptionally challenging as the animals are seldom observed. Subterranean rodents are also widely distributed, occurring on all continents except Australia and Antarctica. Life underground: The biology of subterranean rodents provides an excellent summary of what we know (and what we do not know) about this cryptic group of mammals, and also succeeds in conveying the joys and frustrations of studying them.

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323 Citations

Open accessBook
01 Oct 2006-
Abstract: Protecting drinking-water resources is the first barrier against pathogens and substances hazardous to health. Practitioners in drinking-water supply or surveillance - from the local and technical level up to senior management - have a key role in initiating collaboration with other sectors, such as environment, land-use planning, or agriculture towards safeguarding drinking-water sources. Protecting Groundwater for Health provides a structured approach to analysing hazards to groundwater quality, assessing the risk they may cause for a specific supply, setting priorities in addressing these, and developing management strategies for their control. For health professionals, it thus is a tool for access to environmental information needed for such a process, and for professionals from other sectors, it gives a point of entry for understanding health aspects of groundwater management. This book presents tools for developing strategies to protect groundwater for health by managing the quality of drinking-water sources. Section I covers the natural science background needed to understand which pathogens and chemicals are relevant to human health, how they are transported in the sub-surface and how they may be reduced, removed or retarded. Section II provides guidance for compiling information needed to characterise the drinking-water catchment area in order to assess health hazards potentially reaching groundwater. Section III provides conceptional guidance on prioritising both hazards and management responses. Section IV provides an overview of the potential management actions that may be taken to protect drinking-water sources. These begin with their integration into a comprehensive Water Safety Plan that covers all supply steps from catchment to consumer. Section V provides an overview of measures to prevent pollution from human activities in the catchment, beginning with the overarching issues of policy, land-use planning and implementation for protecting groundwater. Overviews are presented of the specific management approaches that help avoid groundwater pollution from the range of human activities in the catchment, i.e. agriculture, sanitation practices, industry, mining, military sites, waste disposal and traffic.

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Topics: Water safety plan (60%), Catchment area (55%), Waste disposal (53%) ... show more

185 Citations

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