# A Computational Study on Opposed Flow Flame Spread Over Thin Solid Fuels with Side-Edge Burning

##### Citations

9 citations

### Cites result from "A Computational Study on Opposed Fl..."

...The side-wall effect has also been confirmed by other researchers numerically and experimentally (Comas et al., 2015; Comas and Pujol, 2012; Kumar and Kumar, 2010; Zhang and Yu, 2011)....

[...]

7 citations

5 citations

4 citations

### Cites background or result from "A Computational Study on Opposed Fl..."

...They concluded that the enhanced heat transfer from the side flame and higher oxygen supply are responsible of the higher flame spread rate, in analogy with the previous works [58, 59]....

[...]

...The microgravity environment, as well as the downward configuration, was also considered in the computational study of Kumar and Kumar [58], who quantified the spread rate with and without side burning over thin fuels....

[...]

4 citations

### Cites background from "A Computational Study on Opposed Fl..."

...A two-dimensional numerical model was developed by Kumar et al. [75] for investigation of opposed as well as concurrent flame spread over thin solids....

[...]

...Later, Kumar and Kumar [76] investigated the effect of burning onto the side edges of a thin strip of solid on the spread rate....

[...]

##### References

21,858 citations

### "A Computational Study on Opposed Fl..." refers methods in this paper

...The system of coupled elliptic partial differential equations for the flow and combustion in the gas phase is solved numerically by SIMPLER algorithm Patankar (1980)....

[...]

...The system of coupled elliptic partial differential equations for the flow and combustion in the gas phase is solved numerically by SIMPLER algorithm Patankar ( 1980 )....

[...]

241 citations

### "A Computational Study on Opposed Fl..." refers background in this paper

...The transport properties are modeled following Smooke and Giovangigli (1991). l ¼ T0:7; j=cp ¼ T0:7; qDi ¼ T0:7; i ¼ F; O2; CO2; H2O; N2 ð1Þ where j is gas thermal conductivity (1.93 10 4 cal=cm=s=K), q is reference gas density (2.75 10 4 g=cm3), q1 is ambient gas density (1.15 10 3 g=cm3), l is…...

[...]

67 citations

58 citations

### "A Computational Study on Opposed Fl..." refers background in this paper

...As for higher velocities, a previous study (Kumar et al., 2003) showed that the flammability limit for the microgravity flame (with inhibited edges) reverses trend with normal-gravity flame (i....

[...]

...As for higher velocities, a previous study (Kumar et al., 2003) showed that the flammability limit for the microgravity flame (with inhibited edges) reverses trend with normal-gravity flame (i.e., microgravity flame extinction limits are lower compared to extinction limits for normal gravity flame)....

[...]

56 citations

### "A Computational Study on Opposed Fl..." refers background in this paper

...…flame lengths are shorter due to strong convective transport of heat and mass. Effect of Opposed Free-Stream Velocity The effect of free-stream velocity in the direction of opposing flame spread has been studied extensively both experimentally (Olson and Miller, 2009) and numerically (Kumar, 2004)....

[...]

...The effect of free-stream velocity in the direction of opposing flame spread has been studied extensively both experimentally (Olson and Miller, 2009) and numerically (Kumar, 2004)....

[...]