# A Computational Study on Opposed Flow Flame Spread Over Thin Solid Fuels with Side-Edge Burning

##### Citations

4 citations

2 citations

### Cites methods from "A Computational Study on Opposed Fl..."

...58 10(9)m(3) kg 1 s 1 that are similar to those adopted in recent studies (Kumar et al., 2003; Kumar and Kumar, 2010)....

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...By analyzing values used in several models, West et al. (1992) propose activation energy value E¼ 116800 Jmol 1 and preexponential factor value B¼ 1.58 109m3 kg 1 s 1 that are similar to those adopted in recent studies (Kumar et al., 2003; Kumar and Kumar, 2010)....

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2 citations

1 citations

### Cites background or methods or result from "A Computational Study on Opposed Fl..."

...Although the above data may suggest that the extinction limit for the one inhibited edge case occurs at lower XO2 , Kumar and Kumar [3] found that by doing simulations with and without side-burning, the extinction point is at XO2 = 20% for the inhibited case and XO2 = 20....

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...On the other hand, the comprehensive gas phase governing equations can be expressed as [3]...

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...The previous equations are used in numerical simulations [3], although for typical configurations the solid can be considered infinitely wide and only two-dimensional equations (x, y) need to be considered [2, 10, 11]....

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...1) and the one extracted from the 3-D simulations carried out by Kumar and Kumar [3] both using cellulosic type fuels with width w = 2 cm (see other sample details in Table 3....

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...These equations are used in complex numerical simulations [3]....

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##### References

21,858 citations

### "A Computational Study on Opposed Fl..." refers methods in this paper

...The system of coupled elliptic partial differential equations for the flow and combustion in the gas phase is solved numerically by SIMPLER algorithm Patankar (1980)....

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...The system of coupled elliptic partial differential equations for the flow and combustion in the gas phase is solved numerically by SIMPLER algorithm Patankar ( 1980 )....

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241 citations

### "A Computational Study on Opposed Fl..." refers background in this paper

...The transport properties are modeled following Smooke and Giovangigli (1991). l ¼ T0:7; j=cp ¼ T0:7; qDi ¼ T0:7; i ¼ F; O2; CO2; H2O; N2 ð1Þ where j is gas thermal conductivity (1.93 10 4 cal=cm=s=K), q is reference gas density (2.75 10 4 g=cm3), q1 is ambient gas density (1.15 10 3 g=cm3), l is…...

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67 citations

58 citations

### "A Computational Study on Opposed Fl..." refers background in this paper

...As for higher velocities, a previous study (Kumar et al., 2003) showed that the flammability limit for the microgravity flame (with inhibited edges) reverses trend with normal-gravity flame (i....

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...As for higher velocities, a previous study (Kumar et al., 2003) showed that the flammability limit for the microgravity flame (with inhibited edges) reverses trend with normal-gravity flame (i.e., microgravity flame extinction limits are lower compared to extinction limits for normal gravity flame)....

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56 citations

### "A Computational Study on Opposed Fl..." refers background in this paper

...…flame lengths are shorter due to strong convective transport of heat and mass. Effect of Opposed Free-Stream Velocity The effect of free-stream velocity in the direction of opposing flame spread has been studied extensively both experimentally (Olson and Miller, 2009) and numerically (Kumar, 2004)....

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...The effect of free-stream velocity in the direction of opposing flame spread has been studied extensively both experimentally (Olson and Miller, 2009) and numerically (Kumar, 2004)....

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