A cosmopolitan instrumentalist theory of secession
17 Apr 2023-Southern Journal of Philosophy-
TL;DR: The cosmopolitan instrumentalist theory of secession as mentioned in this paper argues that a group has a right to secede only if this would promote cosmopolitan justice, and it is preferable to other theories of secession because it is an entailment of cosmopolitanism.
Abstract: I defend the cosmopolitan instrumentalist theory of secession, according to which a group has a right to secede only if this would promote cosmopolitan justice. I argue that the theory is preferable to other theories of secession because it is an entailment of cosmopolitanism, which is independently attractive, and because, unlike other theories of secession, it allows us to give the answers we want to give in cases like secession of the rich or secession that would make things worse for minorities. I defend the view against the objections that it allows for colonialism and annexation, that it is not a distinct theory, and that it is impractical.
05 Jul 2017
•01 Jan 2008
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors defend the idea of national responsibility and propose a new theory of global justice, whose main elements are the protection of basic human rights, which they call National Responsibility and Global Justice.
Abstract: This chapter outlines the main ideas of my book National responsibility and global justice. It begins with two widely held but conflicting intuitions about what global justice might mean on the one hand, and what it means to be a member of a national community on the other. The first intuition tells us that global inequalities of the magnitude that currently exist are radically unjust, while the second intuition tells us that inequalities are both unavoidable and fair once national responsibility is allowed to operate. This conflict might be resolved either by adopting a cosmopolitan theory of justice (which leaves no room for national responsibility) or by adopting a ‘political’ theory of justice (which denies that questions of distributive justice can arise beyond the walls of the sovereign state). Since neither resolution is satisfactory, the chapter defends the idea of national responsibility and proposes a new theory of global justice, whose main elements are the protection of basic human rights worl...
01 Dec 2005
TL;DR: A liberal form of nationalism is a form of "nationalism" that tries to reconcile two sets of seemingly contradictory values: the values of liberalism and its opponents as discussed by the authors, which is called liberal nationalism.
Abstract: Liberal nationalism is a liberal form of nationalism that tries to reconcile two sets of seemingly contradictory values: the values of liberalism and...
01 Jan 1998
TL;DR: In the late summer of 1998, a Tullamore doctor announced that he was offering a reward of Â£10,000 to trace the origin of rumours circulating about him in this small town in the Midlands.
Abstract: In the late summer of 1998, a Tullamore doctor announced that he was offering a reward of Â£10,000 to trace the origin of rumours circulating about him in this small town in the Midlands. The rumours related to the unexplained disappearance of a young mother from the town. Not only was the doctor alleged to be involved in this disappearance, but all kinds of sinister crimes and practices were mentioned. The doctor's announcement hit the headlines and he was interviewed on the main television news programmes. When the image of this mild-mannered individual with his wife and children appeared on screen, the real issue in this episode became obvious. As an Eastern, Muslim family in the middle of a culturally homogeneous small town, they had been targeted by a campaign of nasty rumours. Whatever the motives or interests of those who started these rumours, a sufficient number of people were willing to believe or half believe this story, to carry it around and spread it, to uphold its plausibility within the collectivity. For a brief time, one glimpsed the uglier side of Irish provincial life.
TL;DR: The authors distinguish between the more and the less plausible versions of each form of cosmopolitanism, based on how the normative status of particular interpersonal relationships and group affiliations is understood, and make a distinction between plausible and less plausible cosmopolitanisms.
Abstract: Lately there has been a renewal of interest among political philosophers and theorists in the idea of cosmopolitanism. However, there is little consensus among contemporary theorists about the precise content of a cosmopolitan position. This article calls attention to two different strands in recent thinking about cosmopolitanism. One strand presents it primarily as a doctrine about justice. The other presents it primarily as a doctrine about culture and the self. Although both forms of cosmopolitanism have some appeal, each is sometimes interpreted in ways that render it untenable. This article attempts to distinguish between the more and the less plausible versions of each form of cosmopolitanism. In each case, the distinction turns on how the normative status of particular interpersonal relationships and group affiliations is understood.