A Density-Genetic Algorithm Method for Computing Electronic Structures of Doped and Undoped Polythiophene Oligomers: A Modified Su-Schrieffer-Heeger Hamiltonian-Based Study
Cites background from "A Density-Genetic Algorithm Method ..."
...Although the science of characterizing glassy structures in terms of atomic arrangement is still at an emerging stage, the structures with a predetermined combination of properties can now be generated at the atomic scale by mapping the simulation parameters onto the atomic structure, using an evolutionary approach, as has been done successfully for the crystalline materials [23, 24]....
"A Density-Genetic Algorithm Method ..." refers background or methods in this paper
...in defect states can be viewed as a complex optimization problem and the power of genetic algorithms  invoked to handle the task....
...We may avoid the gradient calculations and still ensure globality of the search by adopting a GA-based search for the optimum geometry [12, 18]....
"A Density-Genetic Algorithm Method ..." refers background in this paper
...There is a rich body of literature [13–19] starting with the seminal work of Deaven and Ho , illustrating the versatility of GAs in searching through the complex potential energy landscapes of atomic clusters....