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Journal ArticleDOI

A quasi-Z-source active neutral point clamped inverter topology employingsymmetrical/unsymmetrical boost modulation control scheme for renewableenergy resources

26 Jul 2019-Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences (The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey)-Vol. 27, Iss: 4, pp 3114-3137

TL;DR: A symmetrical/unsymmetrical boost modulation control technique to mitigate the DC-link unbalance voltage problem in an ANPC inverter to integrate renewable energy resources under their fluctuating DC voltages is proposed.

AbstractThis paper proposes a bipolar quasi-Z-source active neutral point clamped inverter (QZS-ANPCI) topology. It acts as a buck/boost inverter (3-phase, 3-level) to integrate renewable energy resources under their fluctuating DC voltages. We propose a symmetrical/unsymmetrical boost modulation control technique to mitigate the DC-link unbalance voltage problem in an ANPC inverter. This worthwhile control technique exploits voltage-current closedloops on AC and DC sides to regulate the desired parameters. Moreover, the constant boost control (CBC) modulation has provided a switching sequence that generates a symmetrical/unsymmetrical full shoot-through (FST) state for boosting input DC voltage in the proposed inverter. Detailed loss and efficiency analysis is carried out to show its superior performance under the proposed scheme. Furthermore, the total harmonic distortion (THD) of the proposed QZS-ANPCI meets IEEE Standard-519. Simulink/MATLAB (MathWorks, USA) and PSIM (Powersim, USA) software programs are used to simulate the proposed topology. To verify the theoretical proposals and simulation results, we have developed an experimental prototype setup (1 kW). Both simulation results and experimental data show satisfactory agreement and support the theoretical postulates.

Summary (3 min read)

1. Introduction

  • Renewable energy resources (RERs) are penetrating into electrical power systems.
  • Also, the works in [10, 11] derived a Z-source NPCI structure to decrease the number of passive components and also proposed a modulation scheme.
  • This topology multilevel inverter uses a symmetrical boosting control method (FST).
  • Also, 4-level operation is achieved instead of 3-level converter operation with the same number of components .

2. Proposed control strategy and modulation technique

  • Previously, the authors of [6] proposed a constant boost control (CBC) modulation as depicted in Figure 1a.
  • It has better performance as compared to other PWM modulation techniques.
  • If the upper side ST duty ratio (D0P ) is equal to the lower side ST duty ratio (D0N ), then FST and full nonshoot-through (FNST) states are generated [11].
  • The single carrier-based CBC generates ST states with a frequency two times the carrier frequency.
  • Therefore, this type of proposed voltage boost is called unsymmetrical boost conversion.

3. Proposed quasi-Z-source ANPC inverter (QZS-ANPCI) topology

  • Here the authors present the proposed QZS-ANPCI topology and its detailed control scheme for RERs, as illustrated in Figures 2a and 2b.
  • An output of the outer loop PI regulator ensures tracking of the desired DC-link voltage.
  • The power transfers from the DC input towards the AC load in these states.
  • Table 1 gives the equations of the proposed QZS-ANPCI topology during the NST time interval.

3.3. Case 1: Unsymmetrical boost operation

  • If an ANPC inverter has either different RERs as input sources or unbalanced loads, then unsymmetrical boost conversion becomes necessary.
  • By applying the voltage-second principle on inductors over one switching time period (T ), Table 2 formulates the capacitor voltages.
  • In addition, this table mathematically denotes the positive side DC-link voltage as VPN and negative side DC-link voltage as VNN .
  • Furthermore, the peak DClink voltage V0,NPC across the proposed QZS-ANPCI bridge, in the case of the unsymmetrical boost conversion, is calculated as follows.

3.4. Case 2: Symmetrical boost operation

  • If the QZS-ANPCI has balanced load and equal input voltage sources, then FST and FNST states are utilized in modulation for symmetrical boost conversion.
  • The peak output voltage can be written in buck mode of operation as follows.
  • The inductor currents are derived and the following relationship is found.
  • Also, iPN and iNN are instantaneous DC-link output currents during NST states.

5. Simulation

  • Simulink/MATLAB has been used to simulate the developed system.
  • The proposed system delivers the rated power to loads as a stand-alone system.
  • The waveforms in the case of steady-state and dynamic response are the simulated results as shown in Figure 4.
  • Figure 4a illustrates the upper side ST switching signal (VG ), input voltage (Vin(+) ), and capacitor voltages (VC1 , VC2 ).
  • In these cases, the control parameters (DC-link voltages, AC voltages) maintain their constant values under step change of either input voltages or load.

6. Harmonic analysis

  • To analyze the harmonic contents in the proposed topology, Table 4 and Figure 5 show THDs of output voltages and currents under the proposed symmetrical/unsymmetrical modulation technique.
  • These show that the THDs are within the acceptable range in symmetrical and unsymmetrical modes, illustrated in Figures 5a and 5b.
  • Moreover, the THD and modulation index (M) have an inverse relation between them.
  • This shows that the output filter always becomes a necessary requirement whenever low THDs are required for improvement of power quality, irrespective of which modulation technique is used.

7. Experimental results and discussion

  • A prototype setup of the proposed QZS-ANPCI, built in the research lab, has supported the theoretical formulation and simulation.
  • This prototype has shown the steady-state and dynamic response results to verify the proposed topology and its control scheme.
  • There are some voltage drops across nonideal components.
  • The inductor currents IL1 and IL3 are 5 A, each of which are slightly greater than simulation values.
  • These dynamic results confirm that AC and DC side control parameters maintain their voltages level.

8. Power loss analysis and comparison of efficiency

  • The authors evaluate the power losses and efficiency of the impedance-based QZS-ANPCI topology for both the traditional symmetrical and proposed symmetrical/asymmetrical boost control schemes.
  • The same table shows the ideal diode connected in series with its parasitic resistance rD and forward voltage drop VF .
  • Similarly, the equivalent series resistances (ESRs) of the passive capacitor (rC ) and inductor (rL ) in series with their ideal lossless components present both passive capacitor and inductor components respectively [29–32].
  • The parameters of equipment, used for efficiency and loss calculation, are found from the manufacturer data sheets.

8.1.3. Overall efficiency for proposed topology

  • Finally, the efficiency for the proposed QZS-NPCI topology can be calculated using the following empirical formula: Efficiency(η) = Pout Pout +.
  • It shows that efficiency decreases with increase of the output load.
  • The proposed structure has higher efficiency at high input voltage than that at low input voltage, as illustrated in Figure 10b.
  • Similarly, if two input voltage sources undergo a low voltage situation as depicted by Figure 10c, then one of the input sources remains unaffected.
  • The total losses by all components in the proposed topology are summarized under different input voltages in Figure 10i.

9. Conclusion

  • This paper has presented a proposed buck/boost QZS-ANPCI topology to integrate independent RERs whose voltages are equal or unequal.
  • Moreover, DC and AC side control loops with PI and P regulators are integrated with the topology so that input voltages of RERs or load variation should not distort the rated DC and AC side control parameters.
  • The simulation results and experimental setup have satisfactory agreement to prove the proposed system and theoretical postulates.
  • M. Imtiaz Hussain, Muhammad Talha Gul, and Muhammad Rehan Usman supervised the research work.

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Turk J Elec Eng & Comp Sci
(2019) 27: 3114 3137
© TÜBİTAK
doi:10.3906/elk-1811-168
Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering & Computer Sciences
http://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/elektrik/
Research Article
A quasi-Z-source active neutral point clamped inverter topology employing
symmetrical/unsymmetrical boost modulation control scheme for renewable
energy resources
Rehan MAJEED
1,2,
,, Danial SALEEM
2
, M. Imtiaz HUSSAIN
3
,, Muhammad Talha GUL
4
,,
Muhammad Rehan USMAN
1
,, Salman MAJEED
1
1
Department of Electrical Engineering, Superior University, Lahore, Pakistan
2
Department of Protection and Control, National Transmission and Despatch Company, Lahore, Pakistan
3
Green Energy Technology Research Center, Kongju National University, Cheonan, South Korea
4
Department of Electrical Engineering, Sharif College of Engineering, Lahore, Pakistan
Received: 26.11.2018 Accepted/Published Online: 29.03.2019 Final Version: 26.07.2019
Abstract: This paper proposes a bipolar quasi-Z-source active neutral point clamped inverter (QZS-ANPCI) topology.
It acts as a buck/boost inverter (3-phase, 3-level) to integrate renewable energy resources under their uctuating
DC voltages. We propose a symmetrical/unsymmetrical boost modulation control technique to mitigate the DC-link
unbalance voltage problem in an ANPC inverter. This worthwhile control technique exploits voltage-current closed-
loops on AC and DC sides to regulate the desired parameters. Moreover, the constant boost control (CBC) modulation
has provided a switching sequence that generates a symmetrical/unsymmetrical full shoot-through (FST) state for
boosting input DC voltage in the proposed inverter. Detailed loss and eciency analysis is carried out to show its
superior performance under the proposed scheme. Furthermore, the total harmonic distortion (THD) of the proposed
QZS-ANPCI meets IEEE Standard-519. Simulink/MATLAB (MathWorks, USA) and PSIM (Powersim, USA) software
programs are used to simulate the proposed topology. To verify the theoretical proposals and simulation results, we have
developed an experimental prototype setup (1 kW). Both simulation results and experimental data show satisfactory
agreement and support the theoretical postulates.
Key words: Z-source inverter, quasi-z-source inverter, buck/boost inverter, neutral point clamped inverter, active
neutral point clamped inverter
1. Introduction
Renewable energy resources (RERs) are penetrating into electrical power systems. This trend is due to the rising
inevitable problems of global warming. The main reason is the excessive consumption of fossil fuel for energy
generation. Over the years, several RERs such as solar, wind, hybrid solar-gas, and biomass resources have been
explored and developed for alternative power generation [1]. Power conditioning converters are mandatory to
interface RERs with utility grid systems. Therefore, the voltage-fed inverter (VFI) and the current-fed inverter
(CFI) are two main conventional power inverters that synchronize these resources with interconnected utility
grids. These converters do not have the boost ability during low DC input voltage. Instead, they require separate
DC-DC boost converters at their input stage. The Z-source inverter (ZSI) [2], developed in 2003, has a built-in
buck/boost characteristic to overcome the above problems. The ZSI exploits unipolar X-shaped impedance (Z)
Correspondence: rehan_majeed2008@yahoo.com
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
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MAJEED et al./Turk J Elec Eng & Comp Sci
integrated with the conventional inverter. It contains capacitors (C) and inductors (L) as passive components.
Due to its inherent characteristics, classical converters, such as DC-DC, AC-DC, DC-AC, and AC-AC, can have
buck/boost ability working together with the same impedance [3].
An improved form of the ZSI is the QZSI to overcome its problems. There are four distinct QZSI
topologies for RERs. These topologies have various advantages, such as a continuous input current, lower
component ratings, reduced component count, reduced input source stress, and simplied control strategies
compared to the conventional ZSI [4]. There are many pulse-width modulation (PWM) techniques for ZSIs.
These techniques include simple boost control (SBC), maximum boost control (MBC), constant boost control
(CBC), and developed space-vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM) control. The conventional ZSI topologies
have employed modulations in dierent research works [5, 6].
The most popular multilevel inverter developed to overcome the limitations of VFIs is the neutral point
clamped inverter (NPCI). This is because it has lower voltage stresses, switching losses, conduction losses,
switching frequency, and THD than those of 2-level inverters [7, 8]. Therefore, it has many applications at
medium voltage levels. Furthermore, the authors of [9] applied the z-source impedance concept in NPCI. Also,
the works in [10, 11] derived a Z-source NPCI structure to decrease the number of passive components and also
proposed a modulation scheme. Due to improved performance of the quasi-Z-source impedance, the works in
[12, 13] presented a proposed single-phase quasi-Z-source NPCI and its modulation scheme. To overcome the
drawbacks of the traditional Z-source NPCI, the work in [14] also presented two transformer-based z-source
NPCI structures. Recently, Yu [15] demonstrated a simulation-based proposed quasi-Z-source NPCI topology
with reduced capacitor voltage. Another research study in [16] proposed an LC-switched NPCI topology to
reduce the number of passive components. This topology multilevel inverter uses a symmetrical boosting control
method (FST).
Furthermore, the authors of [17] proposed a 3-level boost PFC converter and control scheme to improve
voltage imbalance and zero current distortion. They can feed to linear loads as well as nonlinear loads
nonsymmetrically. The authors of [18] developed a PFC rectier-based multilevel boost converter using a
nonsymmetrical active capacitive divider structure. This structure reduces the switching losses and uses a
smaller inductor. Also, 4-level operation is achieved instead of 3-level converter operation with the same number
of components . Another research study implemented a single voltage source-based DC-link capacitors voltage
balancing technique for NPC inverters using an inductor boost topology [19]. This used a single source-based
simple DC-DC boost stage at the NPCI input.
Recent studies have explored new multilevel boost topologies and control strategies to provide improved
performance. The work in [20] developed a single-phase modied quasi-Z-source cascaded hybrid inverter (5-
level). This uses a greater number of components and uses only a symmetrical boosting technique for a single
input source. This is a cascaded topology with a greater number of components. Moreover, a dual-T-type
seven-level boost ANPC topology, proposed in [21], provides a scheme for balancing the voltage of oating
capacitors (FCs). This scheme feeds to a 3-phase load using a single input source. This converter topology is
two-staged dual T-type and increases the complexity.
For recent control techniques, the work in [22] proposed a PWM strategy for a cascaded H-bridge inverter
to cope with unbalanced DC input sources. This study does not have a voltage boosting stage in cascaded
topology. In the same way, the SVPWM technique proposed in [23] can balance neutral point voltage in a
low voltage T-type NPC inverter. It generates nonsymmetrical shoot-through states to deal with input voltage
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MAJEED et al./Turk J Elec Eng & Comp Sci
variations. Similarly, the carrier-based PWM technique was developed for two separate PV MPPTs supplying
power to a T-type inverter (3-level) [24].
However, this paper focuses on two independent input voltage sources (positive and negative sides) instead
of a single input voltage source. These sources may be RERs with large variations of voltages independently.
This study also proposes a symmetrical/unsymmetrical boost control technique for independent RERs using
modied CBC-PWM to provide balanced DC-link voltages. This mitigates the problem of unbalancing DC and
AC voltages and improves the performance of converter, whereas the conventional Z-source NPC or multilevel
inverter oers the feature of symmetrical boosting control method (FST). They are usually designed to feed
the 3-phase balanced loads if input voltages sources are equal and identical, but if positive and negative side
input voltages are independent RERs and their magnitude uctuates then they suer from unbalancing output
voltage, increased THDs, and neutral point shifting issues. They require an unsymmetrical boost control method
to overcome these issues.
In this paper, we have contributed to the literature in the following ways. First, we have proposed a
QZS-ANPCI topology. Since the multilevel ANPCI has superior performance as compared to multilevel NPCI
[17, 18], a 3-level ANPCI topology has been combined with a dual quasi-Z-source impedance network. We have
developed a modulation control scheme to provide its ecient performance. To evaluate the results, we have
performed a simulation of the proposed system in Simulink/MATLAB and PSIM softwares. Finally, we have
veried these results by developing a hardware prototype model.
The structure of this article is as follows: Section 1 has described the background history of ZSI topology.
Section 2 presents the theoretical development of the control scheme. Section 3 provides a detailed theoretical
and mathematical analysis of the proposed topology. Section 4 presents the simulation results. Section 5
illustrates experimental results and discussion. Section 6 evaluates the conclusion.
2. Proposed control strategy and modulation technique
Previously, the authors of [6] proposed a constant boost control (CBC) modulation as depicted in Figure 1a.
It has better performance as compared to other PWM modulation techniques. Moreover, this technique has
increased modulation index M , from 1 to 2/
3. The reference voltages (Va, Vb, Vc) are mixed with a third
harmonic component having 1/6 the magnitude of the fundamental component to form CBC modulation signals.
When carrier signals exceed two straight lines ( V
P
, V
N
), then uniform upper and lower ST pulses are generated.
The upper and lower side ST pulses turn on the inverter leg switches (G
1X
, G
2X
, G
3X
, X = {1, 2, 3, 4})
simultaneously in the traditional FST state for a short period of time. However, in the proposed modulation
technique, upper side inverter switches (G
1X
, G
2X
, G
3X
, G
Y 5
, X = {1, 2}, Y = {1, 2, 3}) undergo the on-state
simultaneously to produce the upper side ST state. The lower side switches (G
1X
, G
2X
, G
3X
, G
Y 6
, X =
{3, 4}, Y = {1, 2, 3}) conduct to generate the lower side ST state. These pulses have upper and lower side
ST duty ratios (D
0P
, D
0N
) to boost input DC voltages. If the upper side ST duty ratio (D
0P
) is equal to
the lower side ST duty ratio (D
0N
), then FST and full nonshoot-through (FNST) states are generated [11].
This type of traditional voltage boost is known as symmetrical boost conversion. The single carrier-based CBC
generates ST states with a frequency two times the carrier frequency. However, bipolar carrier-based CBC
produces the same ST states at the frequency as that of carriers.
If upper and lower ST duty ratios (D
0P
, D
0N
) have dierent values, then rst FST occurs and next
either the upper or lower ST state occurs in a switching cycle as illustrated in Figure 1b. The modulation
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MAJEED et al./Turk J Elec Eng & Comp Sci
scheme calculates the modulation index M taking the highest ST duty ratio that is the greater value among
D
0P
and D
0N
. Therefore, this type of proposed voltage boost is called unsymmetrical boost conversion. The
proposed modulation technique can perform both symmetrical and unsymmetrical boost conversion. These ST
states are inserted into zero states of traditional inverter. This type of modulation does not distort AC side
power ow. The ST duty ratio (D ) is expressed by Eq. (1).
D =
1
3M
2
(1)
0
1
-1
LST
UST
G
G
G
G
1
2
3
4
V
a
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0.02 0.022 0.024 0.026 0.028 0.03 0.032 0.034 0.036 0.038 0.04
V
a
V
b
V
c
0.03
0.0305
0.031 0.0315 0.032
T ime (s)
V
p
V
N
Carier 1
Carier 2
V
m
0
1
-1
V
abc
(a) Traditional constant boost control (CBC) using sym-
metrical boost modulation scheme
V
0.03
0.0305
0.031 0.0315 0.032
T ime (s)
0.02 0.022 0.024 0.026 0.028 0.03 0.032 0.034 0.036 0.038 0.04
0
1
-1
LST
UST
G
G
G
G
1
2
3
4
V
a
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
V
a
V
b
V
c
V
p
V
N
Carier 1
Carier 2
V
m
0
1
-1
abc
(b) Proposed constant boost control (CBC) using unsym-
metrical boost modulation scheme
Figure 1. Traditional and proposed modulation schemes.
3. Proposed quasi-Z-source ANPC inverter (QZS-ANPCI) topology
Here we present the proposed QZS-ANPCI topology and its detailed control scheme for RERs, as illustrated in
Figures 2a and 2b. The operating principle is equivalent to that of a conventional buck/boost Z-source NPC
inverter [11]. In this proposed topology, there are four switching modes of operation over one switching time
period (T ). These modes repeat the ST and NST states two times in a switching sequence.
Moreover, we propose the proportional integrator (PI) regulator, proportional (P) regulator, and control
scheme according to [19, 20]. There are two DC-side voltage-current closed-loop controllers. Here, the DC-link
voltages (V
P N
*, V
NN
*) used in each outer loop with the PI regulator are reference constant voltages. The
feedback DC-link voltages (V
P N
, V
NN
) are compared with the reference DC-link voltages. An output of the
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MAJEED et al./Turk J Elec Eng & Comp Sci
Figure 2. Detailed schematic of proposed QZS-ANPCI and its control scheme: (a) proposed topology and its control
scheme, (b) internal detailed controller block of proposed SPWM with CBC technique.
outer loop PI regulator ensures tracking of the desired DC-link voltage. However, the feedback inductor currents
(I
L1
, I
L3
) used in the inner loop with the P regulator rapidly improve the dynamic response. These controllers
generate the upper and lower side ST signals to boost the input DC voltages.
In the same way, there is one AC-side voltage-current closed-loop controller in the control scheme. The
output RMS voltage (V
abc
*), used as a reference voltage, is compared with the feedback AC voltage (V
abc
). The
purpose of the outer loop PI regulator is to track the desired AC voltage under load current variation. While
3118

Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper presents a grid-connected QZSI with both AC and DC side controls, and suggests a new battery-charging configuration across the capacitor through which the DC side control loop is regulated.
Abstract: Grid-connected inverters are now increasingly used in distributed microgrid and smart-grid applications. The advantages of a quasi-Z-source inverter (QZSI), like single-stage operation, lower component rating, continuous input current, and common DC rail, led to an investigation of this converter for grid-connected applications. This paper presents a grid-connected QZSI with both AC and DC side controls. A new battery-charging configuration is also suggested across the capacitor through which the DC side control loop is regulated. Fast dynamic response and reduced harmonics are demonstrated through simulation and experimental results.

2 citations


References
More filters

Journal ArticleDOI
10 Dec 2002
TL;DR: The Z-source converter employs a unique impedance network to couple the converter main circuit to the power source, thus providing unique features that cannot be obtained in the traditional voltage-source (or voltage-fed) and current-source converters where a capacitor and inductor are used, respectively.
Abstract: This paper presents an impedance-source (or impedance-fed) power converter (abbreviated as Z-source converter) and its control method for implementing DC-to-AC, AC-to-DC, AC-to-AC, and DC-to-DC power conversion. The Z-source converter employs a unique impedance network (or circuit) to couple the converter main circuit to the power source, thus providing unique features that cannot be obtained in the traditional voltage-source (or voltage-fed) and current-source (or current-fed) converters where a capacitor and inductor are used, respectively. The Z-source converter overcomes the conceptual and theoretical barriers and limitations of the traditional voltage-source converter (abbreviated as V-source converter) and current-source converter (abbreviated as I-source converter) and provides a novel power conversion concept. The Z-source concept can be applied to all DC-to-AC, AC-to-DC, AC-to-AC, and DC-to-DC power conversion. To describe the operating principle and control, this paper focuses on an example: a Z-source inverter for DC-AC power conversion needed in fuel cell applications. Simulation and experimental results are presented to demonstrate the new features.

2,647 citations


"A quasi-Z-source active neutral poi..." refers background in this paper

  • ...The conventional ZSI topologies have employed modulations in different research works [5, 6]....

    [...]

  • ...The Z-source inverter (ZSI) [2], developed in 2003, has a built-in buck/boost characteristic to overcome the above problems....

    [...]

  • ...An improved form of the ZSI is the QZSI to overcome its problems....

    [...]

  • ...There are four distinct QZSI topologies for RERs....

    [...]

  • ...The structure of this article is as follows: Section 1 has described the background history of ZSI topology....

    [...]


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The basic operation and the most used modulation and control techniques developed to date of neutral-point-clamped inverters are presented and some technological problems such as capacitor balance and losses are presented.
Abstract: Neutral-point-clamped (NPC) inverters are the most widely used topology of multilevel inverters in high-power applications (several megawatts). This paper presents in a very simple way the basic operation and the most used modulation and control techniques developed to date. Special attention is paid to the loss distribution in semiconductors, and an active NPC inverter is presented to overcome this problem. This paper discusses the main fields of application and presents some technological problems such as capacitor balance and losses.

1,367 citations


Proceedings ArticleDOI
15 Jun 2008
Abstract: In this paper, theoretical results are shown for several novel inverters. These inverters are similar to the Z-source inverters presented in previous works, but have several advantages, including in some combination; lower component ratings, reduced source stress, reduced component count and simplified control strategies. Like the Z-source inverter, these inverters are particularly suited for applications which require a large range of gain, such as in motor controllers or renewable energy. Simulation and experimental results are shown for one topology to verify the analysis. Also, a back-to-back inverter system featuring bidirectionality on both inverters, as well as secondary energy storage with only a single additional switch, is shown.

924 citations


"A quasi-Z-source active neutral poi..." refers methods in this paper

  • ...The conventional ZSI topologies have employed modulations in different research works [5, 6]....

    [...]

  • ...The Z-source inverter (ZSI) [2], developed in 2003, has a built-in buck/boost characteristic to overcome the above problems....

    [...]

  • ...An improved form of the ZSI is the QZSI to overcome its problems....

    [...]

  • ...There are four distinct QZSI topologies for RERs....

    [...]

  • ...The structure of this article is as follows: Section 1 has described the background history of ZSI topology....

    [...]


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper provides as a guide and quick reference for researchers and practicing engineers in deciding which control and modulation method to consider for an application in a given topology at a certain power level, switching frequency and demanded dynamic response.
Abstract: Impedance-source networks cover the entire spectrum of electric power conversion applications (dc-dc, dc-ac, ac-dc, ac-ac) controlled and modulated by different modulation strategies to generate the desired dc or ac voltage and current at the output. A comprehensive review of various impedance-source-network-based power converters has been covered in a previous paper and main topologies were discussed from an application point of view. Now Part II provides a comprehensive review of the most popular control and modulation strategies for impedance-source network-based power converters/inverters. These methods are compared in terms of theoretical complexity and performance, when applied to the respective switching topologies. Further, this paper provides as a guide and quick reference for researchers and practicing engineers in deciding which control and modulation method to consider for an application in a given topology at a certain power level, switching frequency and demanded dynamic response.

272 citations


"A quasi-Z-source active neutral poi..." refers background or methods in this paper

  • ...Proposed control strategy and modulation technique Previously, the authors of [6] proposed a constant boost control (CBC) modulation as depicted in Figure 1a....

    [...]

  • ...The conventional ZSI topologies have employed modulations in different research works [5, 6]....

    [...]


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The performance and functional accuracy of the proposed topology using the new algorithm in generating all voltage levels for a 31-level inverter are confirmed by simulation and experimental results.
Abstract: In this paper, a new general cascaded multilevel inverter using developed H-bridges is proposed. The proposed topology requires a lesser number of dc voltage sources and power switches and consists of lower blocking voltage on switches, which results in decreased complexity and total cost of the inverter. These abilities obtained within comparing the proposed topology with the conventional topologies from aforementioned points of view. Moreover, a new algorithm to determine the magnitude of dc voltage sources is proposed. The performance and functional accuracy of the proposed topology using the new algorithm in generating all voltage levels for a 31-level inverter are confirmed by simulation and experimental results.

266 citations