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Proceedings ArticleDOI

A Small e-Health Care Information System with Agent Technology

07 Oct 2011-pp 68-72
TL;DR: Agent for e-Health care creates connectivity on an anytime-anywhere-any-device-basis to provide the specific service from the doctor required by the patients.
Abstract: Nowadays, health care is one of the most important subjects in our life. Increasing level of patients demand across the world obliges health care services in a more flexible and uniform manner. So that patients can get useful health services in the home environment without going to the health center personally. The e-healthcare is new kinds of health care system and it is very popular at this time. Where patients can exchange their confidential information via internet to the organization and from the organization get the services via internet also. So lots of time will be saved and patient can get services efficiently without unnecessary harassments of travel to the organization. In this system all the transaction of data are processed by Patient Agents (PA), Doctor Agents (DA) and Controller Agent (CA). The user uses the Patient Agent (PA) to connect with the controlling server of the e-health care system. The Controller Agent (CA) is control the demand of the patients as well as activity of the doctors. When the doctor wants to check-up the patient then he/she connects with the Doctor Agent (DA). Using the Doctor Agent (DA), every doctor prescribed some medicine to the patient about the query and if required then refer the patient to another doctor. The Agent computing in a network of workstations is powerful paradigm for building distributed applications. The agent technology is used to enhance the patient's needs which include availability, speedy response time, and efficiency. Agent for e-Health care creates connectivity on an anytime-anywhere-any-device-basis to provide the specific service from the doctor required by the patients.
Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This work reviews recent years’ research and applications of multi agent systems in healthcare published in different research journals, international conferences, and implemented practically and provided recommendations forMulti agent systems applied in healthcare domain.
Abstract: The successful use of intelligent agents in healthcare has attracted researchers to apply this emerging software engineering paradigm in more advanced and complex applications. Main success factor is the natural mapping of real world medical problems into cyber world. Multi-agent architecture can easily model the heterogeneous, distributed and autonomous health care systems. The multi agent systems have been applied from single healthcare activity like knowledge based medical system to complex, multi-component based systems like complete healthcare unit. The use of multi agent systems in health care domain has also opened the ways to find out new applications like personalized and socialized health care systems. This versatile use of multi agent systems has also posed new problems for researchers like; security, communication, and different social issues. This work reviews recent years' research and applications of multi agent systems in healthcare published in different research journals, international conferences, and implemented practically. We reviewed five subdomains and three systems in each subdomain. A set of common parameters of these systems has been extracted and compared to analyze systems' merits and deficiencies. Based on our analysis, we have provided recommendations for multi agent systems applied in healthcare domain. Future research directions for interested researchers and practitioners are also discussed. As our own future research work, we intend to study healthcare and multi agent systems in e-commerce.

38 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The conceptual design of an e-healthcare system, which implements integration strategies and suitable technologies that will handle the interoperability problem among its essential components is described and the feasibility of this model is demonstrated.
Abstract: Due to diversity, heterogeneity and complexity of the existing healthcare structure, providing suitable healthcare services is a complicated process. This work describes the conceptual design of an e-healthcare system, which implements integration strategies and suitable technologies that will handle the interoperability problem among its essential components. The proposed solution combines intelligent agent technology and case based reasoning for highly distributed applications in healthcare environment. Intelligent agents play a critical role in providing correct information for diagnostic, treatment, etc. They work on behalf of human agents taking care of routine tasks, thus increasing speed and reliability of the information exchanges. CBR is used to generate advices to a certain e-healthcare problems by analyzing solutions given to previously solved problems and to build intelligent systems for disease diagnostics and prognosis. Preliminary experimental simulation based on Agent Development Framework (JADE) demonstrated the feasibility of this model.

19 citations


Cites background from "A Small e-Health Care Information S..."

  • ...After achieving the final solution this new medical knowledge can be added to the case base as another case thus expanding the medical knowledge base....

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper presents an interoperable healthcare information system that considers data integration and interoperability of patients information available with various healthcare service providers in a heterogeneous environment and utilizes concept of web services with a compliance of Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) and data interchange agent that converts medical data coming from wide-ranging healthcare service provider into a standard data interchange format.
Abstract: Integration of IT with healthcare system requires interoperability that may lead to open connectivity at all levels (i.e. inPatient and outPatient care). This could be achieved by introducing interoperability among various healthcare service providers which is important for ensuring that patient information is available anytime and right at the point of care, eliminating unnecessary delay in treatment, avoiding replication of test reports, improving more informed decisions and hence leading to improved quality of care. So, there is a need of an integrated healthcare system that handles the exchange of medical data coming from different healthcare service providers. With this intent, in this paper we present an interoperable healthcare information system that considers data integration and interoperability of patients׳ information available with various healthcare service providers in a heterogeneous environment. The challenge lies in availability of wide variety of standards and illustration of same medical record in different structures. This could be ruled out by introducing the concept of web services technology to solve the interoperability problems in the healthcare domain. Considering the distributed and heterogeneous environment of healthcare domain, there are two ways for exchanging healthcare information. One is that each hospital/clinical system should use/follow the same standard, and the other is utilizing service oriented architecture. Standardizing the access to data through the most promising solution of web services, rather than standardizing the electronic health record will help to overcome the integration problems with improved performance among different standards in medical information systems. The proposed system utilizes concept of web services with a compliance of Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) and data interchange agent that converts medical data coming from wide-ranging healthcare service providers into a standard data interchange format. Here, two xml databases are used like, service provider database and patient profile database. These two databases may be in various system formats. So, there is a need to convert it into standard format before it is stored in the data repository (database). Whenever a patient gets treatment from the service provider, both databases are updated with respect to relevant information and at the same time, the information presented in both databases is also extracted. Whole process is implemented using the web services and the message is transferred using the SOAP protocol. Furthermore, the accessing of service customer or service provider details can be done only if the authentication is given from the security agent. Finally, the accessing of information from database is achieved efficiently with the help of proposed searching algorithm that reduces almost 33% time needed to retrieve the desired data from the database. This research will benefit the prevalent electronic health record standards such as Health Level 7 (HL7) [1] , openEHR [28] , CEN/ISO 13606 [29] working towards semantic interoperability for efficient searching of patient records and hence improved performance.

10 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A scalable e-health architecture based on the Internet of Things (IoT) technology is proposed that can communicate with other clinics' hardware remotely with minimal or no human intervention with a key difference between the proposed architecture and the former ones.
Abstract: In this paper, a scalable e-health architecture based on the Internet of Things (IoT) technology is proposed. In this suggested architecture, the clinic hardware can communicate with other clinics' hardware remotely with minimal or no human intervention, which is a key difference between the proposed architecture and the former ones. The idea of our architecture is to use the internet as a communication media between different architecture hardware. Each hardware clinic should be adapted to receive its required information from the internet. Using our system will provide the medical specialists with advantages such as scalability and flexibility. Furthermore, the cost and the effort will be decreased. The processes in our proposed architecture are executed on advanced medical devices in real time mode, which maximize the diagnosis accuracy and minimize the processing time. Finally, a case study, which is related to 2D and 4D ultrasonography devices, is demonstrated to clarify our architecture.

9 citations


Cites background from "A Small e-Health Care Information S..."

  • ...A Multi-Agent System for small e-Health care organization has been introduced by [7]....

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Proceedings Article
20 Jun 2012
TL;DR: A survey on the state of the art in the security and access controls mechanisms employed by multi agent systems as a form of data transaction, with special emphasis on their security threats and how these issues are currently being tackled for multi-agent systems.
Abstract: This paper performs a survey on the state of the art in the security and access controls mechanisms employed by multi agent systems as a form of data transaction, with special emphasis on their security threats and how these issues are currently being tackled for multi-agent systems. In this paper we provide a brief summary of current approaches and provide comments on their relevance, implementation and safety assumptions behind their safe operation on real systems with sensitive data. We also take special notice on the security issues approached by each one of the analysed proposals and the sometimes ingenious ways proposed by different authors to solve them. We also pay special attention to issues related with the authentication, confidentiality, integrity and access control mechanisms employed to minimise security incidents. Nowadays multi-agent systems are increasingly being researched and deployed to solve complex interoperability issues that normally occur between different institutions. The final result of this survey is a summary aggregation of knowledge about security and access control practices for multi agent models and implementations.

6 citations


Cites background or methods from "A Small e-Health Care Information S..."

  • ...Jaya Subalaskishmi et al’s proposal [7] presents a very limited system that only uses a firewall to protect the networ k from external attacks and a login/password type of security for data access....

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  • ...R. Jaya Subalakshmi et al [7] proposed a model to enhance small e-health organizations’ functionalities using a multi-agent system using the JADE framework....

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  • ...Jaya Subalakshmi et al [7] proposed a model to enhance small e-health organizations’ functionalities usin g a multi-agent system using the JADE framework....

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References
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Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jan 2011
TL;DR: This paper aims to implement a highly distributed information infrastructure-MADIP by using Intelligent Agent paradigm, which is able to notify the responsible care-provider of abnormality automatically, offer distance medical advice, and perform continuous health monitoring for those who need it.
Abstract: In this paper we aim to implement a highly distributed information infrastructure-MADIP by using Intelligent Agent paradigm, which is able to notify the responsible care-provider of abnormality automatically, offer distance medical advice, and perform continuous health monitoring for those who need it. To confront the issues of interoperability, scalability, and openness in heterogeneous e-health environments, a FIPA2000 standard compliant agent development platform-JADE (Java Agent DEvelopment Framework) was adopted for the design and implementation of the proposed intelligent multi-agent based MADIP system.

123 citations


"A Small e-Health Care Information S..." refers background in this paper

  • ...Internet-based e-health is capable of operating ubiquitously, at anytime for anyone [8]....

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper presents an approach to the creation of an agent-based system for the assessment of environmental impact upon human health, logically and functionally divided into three layers, solving the tasks of information fusion, pattern discovery and decision support making, respectively.
Abstract: This paper presents an approach to the creation of an agent-based system for the assessment of environmental impact upon human health. As indicators of the environmental impact water pollution, indexes of traffic and industrial activity, wastes and solar radiation are assumed. And as human health indicator morbidity is taken. All the data comprise multiple heterogeneous data repositories. The system is logically and functionally divided into three layers, solving the tasks of information fusion, pattern discovery and decision support making, respectively. The outcomes of the system design phase under Prometheus methodology and the complete characteristics of the agents forming the proposal are discussed. The discovered patterns are used as a foundation for real-time decision making, which is of great importance for adequate and effective management by responsible governmental authorities.

53 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is claimed that the modeling of the software agent layer can be methodically derived from the actual “classical” laboratory organization and practices, as well as seamlessly integrated with the existing information system.
Abstract: Agent Technology is an emerging and promising research area in software technology, which increasingly contributes to the development of value-added information systems for large healthcare organizations. Through the MediMAS prototype, resulting from a case study conducted at a local Swiss hospital, this paper aims at presenting the advantages of reinforcing such a complex E-health man-machine information organization with software agents. The latter will work on behalf of human agents, taking care of routine tasks, and thus increasing the speed, the systematic, and ultimately the reliability of the information exchanges. We further claim that the modeling of the software agent layer can be methodically derived from the actual "classical" laboratory organization and practices, as well as seamlessly integrated with the existing information system.

44 citations


"A Small e-Health Care Information S..." refers background in this paper

  • ...Multi-agent systems can be considered a suitable technology for the development of healthcare applications where the use of loosely coupled and heterogeneous components, the dynamic and distributed management of data and the remote collaboration among users are often considered the most relevant requirements [2]....

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Journal Article
TL;DR: An RFID-based system (named SIMOPAC) that integrates RFID and multi-agent technologies in health care in order to make patient emergency care as efficient and risk-free as possible, by providing doctors with as much information about a patient as quickly as possible is proposed.
Abstract: Hospital today are under increasing pressure to increase the quality and efficiency of patient identification and monitoring procedures. Most patient health records are stored in separate systems and there are still huge paper trails of records that health-care providers must keep to comply with different regulations. This paper proposes an RFID-based system (named SIMOPAC) that integrates RFID and multi-agent technologies in health care in order to make patient emergency care as efficient and risk-free as possible, by providing doctors with as much information about a patient as quickly as possible. Every hospital could use SIMOPAC with their existing system in order to promote patient safety and optimize hospital workflow. In this paper we will concentrate on the RFID technology and how it could be used in emergency care in order to identify patients and to achieve real time information concerning the patients' biometric data, which might be used in different points of the health system (laboratory, family physician, etc.). We describe a general purpose architecture and data model that is designed for collecting ambulatory data from various existing devices and systems, as well as for storing and presenting clinically significant information to the emergency care physician.

17 citations


"A Small e-Health Care Information S..." refers background in this paper

  • ...In [1] paper consider new features of health care systems and identify some emerging technologies as enablers to deliver better quality care to citizens and more efficient service delivery to health professionals....

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Journal Article
TL;DR: The main aim of this paper is to present the overall design of the proposed MAS, emphasizing its architecture and the behavior of each agent of the model, as well as on the scheduling model which provide the activity scheduling process of care and the agent interaction protocol to ensure cooperation between agents that perform coordination tasks for the users.

14 citations


"A Small e-Health Care Information S..." refers background or methods in this paper

  • ...The agent is powerful, we are using the JADE agent building the user client and the server [4], when the agent is running the agent can autonomous get the environment information pass to the frame of user and server....

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  • ...Multi-agent systems have been contributing to the development of the theory and the practice of high-speed, mission-critical, decentralized information systems where mutual interdependencies, dynamic environments, uncertainty, and sophisticated control play a singular role [4]....

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