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A systematic narrative review of pathways into, desistance from and risk factors of financial-economic cyber-enabled crime

22 May 2023-
TL;DR: In this paper , the authors synthesize existing knowledge on pathways into, desistance from, and risk factors related to financial cybercrime, and identify research gaps, with the aim of identifying two initiation points into financial cyber crime: involvement in traditional crime and experiencing strain.
Abstract: Financial-economic cyber-enabled crime (hereinafter: financial cybercrime) has increased dramatically over the past years. However, research on financial cybercrime is still underdeveloped and highly heterogeneous, especially regarding the processes of initiation to and desistance from crime. This paper synthesizes existing knowledge on pathways into, desistance from, and risk factors related to financial cybercrime, and identifies research gaps. Adhering to PRISMA-ScR guidelines, we executed a systematic search and identified 37 eligible documents published as of February 2022, indicating two initiation points into financial cybercrime: involvement in traditional crime, and experiencing strain. Through social learning, individuals then learn the necessary skills and knowledge and engage in financial cybercrime, after which the decision to desist is influenced by a cost-benefit analysis, the use of neutralization techniques, and maturing. As for risk factors, we identified 33, with being male, unemployed, having low self-control and deviant peers, and wanting to earn money quickly being of potential importance. Regarding research gaps, there is a dearth of research related to the initiation and desistance processes of financial cybercrime, and the identified studies lacked a robust research designs, with 76 percent being of low or medium quality. More quality research is needed to address these issues.
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Issues and Challenges of Cyber Crime in finance

The paper highlights the underdeveloped research on financial cybercrime, including the initiation and desistance processes, and identifies the need for more quality research to address these issues.