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A way forward in protecting health services in conflict: moving beyond the humanitarian paradigm

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TLDR
In 2011, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) issued a report that summarised the fruits of experience and stimulated consideration of security strategies for aid providers.
Abstract
Attacks on health workers, clinics, hospitals, ambulances and patients during periods of armed conflict or civil disturbance pose enormous challenges to humanitarian response and constitute affronts to the imperatives of human rights and civilian protection. Violence inflicted on humanitarian aid workers is gaining the global attention it warrants. While the number of attacks on aid workers has decreased in recent years, in a handful of places, notably Sudan, Afghanistan, and Somalia, they have become more spectacular and frightening, with aid agencies targeted for kidnapping and subjected to use of explosives because of their perceived affiliation with Western governments. The assaults have galvanised the humanitarian aid community to track attacks and to engage in intensive and sophisticated discussion of means to increase operational security. After worldwide consultation, in 2011 the United Nations (UN) Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) issued a report that summarised the fruits of experience and stimulated consideration of security strategies for aid providers. By contrast, however, until very recently the far larger number of incidents of violence inflicted on and interference with indigenous health services and on international and local development agencies by state and armed groups has received comparatively little attention.

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Journal ArticleDOI

The Charter of the United Nations: a commentary

TL;DR: The Charter of the United Nations is without doubt the most important Treaty of international law as mentioned in this paper, and it has become the object of renewed attention by Simma, Khan, Nolte and Paulus with t...
Posted Content

The Law of Belligerent Occupation in the Supreme Court of Israel

TL;DR: The contribution of the Supreme Court of Israel to the law of belligerent occupation of the occupied territories has been reviewed in this article, where the authors discuss the way in which the Court has interpreted military needs, the welfare of the local population, changes in the local law, and use of resources.
Posted Content

A Global Battlefield? Drones and the Geographical Scope of Armed Conflict

TL;DR: In this article, the legal implications of the geographical disjunction between the location of drone strikes and the primary battlefields for the application of international humanitarian law are discussed, and the main focus of the paper is on the legal consequences of such disjointness.
Journal ArticleDOI

Confronting stillbirths and newborn deaths in areas of conflict and political instability: a neglected global imperative

TL;DR: Efforts to address adverse reproductive and newborn outcomes in areas affected by conflict and political instability must adapt recommended intervention protocols to the special security and governance conditions associated with unstable political environment.

United states court of appeals for the district of columbia circuit _______

Brown Garland
TL;DR: The first sentence of the Constitution's Impeachment Trial Clause, Art. I, § 3, cl. 6, provides that the Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments as discussed by the authors.
References
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Journal ArticleDOI

Idealist Internationalism and the Security Dilemma

John H. Herz
- 01 Jan 1950 - 
TL;DR: The dilemma of the "security dilemma" has been studied since the dawn of history as mentioned in this paper, where individuals are concerned about their security from being attacked, subjected, dominated, or annihilated by other groups and individuals, and are driven to acquire more and more power in order to escape the impact of others.
Book

Unspeakable truths : facing the challenge of truth commissions

TL;DR: In this article, the International Criminal Court (ICCICC) is used as an alternative to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TWC) for the first time.
Book

Seapower: A Guide for the Twenty-First Century

Geoffrey Till
TL;DR: In this article, a case study of the South China Sea is presented, where the authors investigate the role of command of the sea in the defense and attack of trade in a globalising world.
Journal ArticleDOI

The Logic of Child Soldiering and Coercion

TL;DR: In this paper, the authors adapt theories of indus- trial organization to rebellious groups and show how, being less able fighters, chil- dren are attractive recruits if and only if they are easier to intimidate, indoctrinate, and misinform than adults.
Book

Time in the Shadows: Confinement in Counterinsurgencies

Laleh Khalili
TL;DR: Time in the Shadows as mentioned in this paper investigates the two major liberal counterinsurgencies of our day: Israeli occupation of Palestine and the U.S. War on Terror, and links them to a history of colonial counter-insurgency from the Boer War and the US. Indian wars, to Vietnam, the British small wars in Malaya, Kenya, Aden and Cyprus, and the French pacification of Indochina and Algeria.
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