Q1. What contributions have the authors mentioned in the paper "Absorbed in the moment? an investigation of procrastination, absorption and cognitive failures" ?
The aim of the current research was to examine how and why absorption a mindset reflecting a responsiveness to engaging stimuli – may account for procrastinators ’ tendency to focus on immediately rewarding activities at the cost of their long term goals, and the cognitive implications of being absorbed in the moment. A bootstrapping analysis of the indirect effects of procrastination on absorption through state anxiety in Study 1 was significant supporting the hypothesized role of absorption as a vulnerability towards mood-regulating distractions for procrastinators. For example, a study of impulse buying found that individuals who scored high on absorption were more influenced by environmental sensory cues and visual stimuli, and this heightened sensitivity made them more likely to override their will power and follow their desires to make impulse purchases ( Youn & Faber, 2000 ). Taken together, these findings suggest a cognitive escape hypothesis to explain how procrastinators deal with negative moods, and provides new insights into the factors and processes that contribute to the self-regulation difficulties that characterize trait procrastination. This account of the temporal mood regulation dynamics underlying procrastination suggests that mindsets that facilitate pleasurable escape from immediately distressing states and tasks may be important factors for understanding procrastination. Mood-repair conceptualizations of procrastination provide further support for the proposed link with absorption.