Abstract: As a basic building block, optical resonant cavities (ORCs) are widely used in light manipulation; they can confine electromagnetic waves and improve the interaction between light and matter, which also plays an important role in cavity quantum electrodynamics, nonlinear optics and quantum optics. Especially in recent years, the rise of metamaterials, artificial materials composed of subwavelength unit cells, greatly enriches the design and function of ORCs. Here, we review zero-index and hyperbolic metamaterials for constructing the novel ORCs. Firstly, this paper introduces the classification and implementation of zero-index and hyperbolic metamaterials. Secondly, the distinctive properties of zero-index and hyperbolic cavities are summarized, including the geometry-invariance, homogeneous/inhomogeneous field distribution, and the topological protection (anomalous scaling law, size independence, continuum of high-order modes, and dispersionless modes) for the zero-index (hyperbolic) metacavities. Finally, the paper introduces some typical applications of zero-index and hyperbolic metacavities, and prospects the research of metacavities.
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