scispace - formally typeset
Search or ask a question
Posted ContentDOI

Air Pollution and Student Achievement: Evidence from Tanzania

15 Aug 2022-
TL;DR: In this article , the authors leverage plausibly exogenous changes in local wind direction in an Instrumental Variables (IV) setup to uncover causal effects, and find suggestive evidence that adverse effects of air pollution on exams that test fluid intelligence drive their main results.
Abstract: Using novel data on students' performance on national exams administered during secondary schooling in Tanzania, we study how air pollution exposure on the day of the exam affects student performance on these exams. To uncover causal effects, we leverage plausibly exogenous changes in local wind direction in an Instrumental Variables (IV) setup. Our IV estimates imply that an increase in PM2.5 concentration by 10 µg/m3 on the day a student appears for the exam worsens their performance on the exam by 0.04 standard deviations. Our results are robust to a host of falsification checks. We also document that the effects are more pronounced for younger students, females, students appearing for exams in government schools, and those at the lower end of the achievement distribution. Further, we find suggestive evidence that adverse effects of air pollution on exams that test fluid intelligence drive our main results.
Trending Questions (2)
Does air pollution affect school performance?

Air pollution exposure on the day of exams in Tanzania negatively affects student performance, with a 10 µg/m3 increase in PM2.5 concentration leading to a 0.04 standard deviation decrease in exam scores.

How does air pollution affect student achievement?

Air pollution exposure on the day of exams in Tanzania was found to worsen student performance, with a 10 µg/m3 increase in PM2.5 concentration leading to a 0.04 standard deviation decrease in exam scores.