Alexander’s tale or a collection of symbols according to the kush-nameh
28 Dec 2015-Byzantion Nea Hellas (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Filosofía, Humanidades y Educación. Centro de Estudios Griegos Bizantinos y Neohelénicos.)-Iss: 34, pp 293-307
TL;DR: The influence of Sasanian heritage is confirmed by scholarly work and research in Japan (Nara) and Silla (Korea) (Akbarzadeh: 2013, 226) as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: is a well-known name in eastern texts which is translated as “Parthian,” who were on the other end of the Silk Road, the gateway where different cultures met with each other. The Sogdians who were famous traders of the Silk Road played an important role between eastern and western Asia (Vaissiere: 2005, 97). They brought Iranian cultural heritage to China and its surrounding regions. In the Sasanian period (224 - 651 AD) is another important period for cultural relations between Iran and China. Various Sasanian cultural artifacts, such musical instruments, glassware, inscriptions and painting are found in China (An: 2010, 1).The influence of Sasanian heritage is confirmed by scholarly work and research in Japan (Nara) and Silla (Korea) (Akbarzadeh: 2013, 226). Medieval Muslim scholars have also provided important information on the Silk Road, the trade networks and religious relations between Iran and China (Daryaee: 2010, 404). There are different and unique data to be found in the reports of these Medieval Persian authors which are less studied or noticed. It is important to note that some of these reports are comparable with pre-Islamic texts.
15 Jan 2009
TL;DR: Sasanians were the last of the ancient Persian dynasties, and the preeminent practitioners of the Zoroastrian religion as mentioned in this paper, and their descendants' attempts for more than a century after their defeat to establish a second state.
Abstract: The Sasanians were the last of the ancient Persian dynasties, and the preeminent practitioners of the Zoroastrian religion. From its foundation by Ardashir I in 224 CE the Sasanian Empire was the dominant force in the region for several centuries until its last king, Yasdegerd III, was defeated by the Muslim Arabs in the 7th century. In this clear and comprehensive new book, Touraj Daryaee provides an unrivalled account of Sasanian Persia. Using new sources, he paints a vivid portrait of the empire's often neglected social history and examines the development of its political and administrative institutions. The author also explores, for the first time in an integrated book on the Sasanians, their descendants' attempts for more than a century after their defeat to establish a second state. "Sasanian Persia" is a unique examination of a period of history that still has great significance for a full understanding of modern Iran.
01 Jan 2005
TL;DR: The Sogdian traders were the main go-between of Central Asia from the fifth to the eighth century as mentioned in this paper, from their towns of Samarkand, Bukhara or Tashkent, their diaspora is attested by texts, inscriptions or archaeology in all the major countries of Asia (India, China, Iran, Turkish Steppe, but also Byzantium).
Abstract: The Sogdian Traders were the main go-between of Central Asia from the fifth to the eighth century. From their towns of Samarkand, Bukhara, or Tashkent, their diaspora is attested by texts, inscriptions or archaeology in all the major countries of Asia (India, China, Iran, Turkish Steppe, but also Byzantium). This survey for the first time brings together all the data on their trade, from the beginning, a small-scale trade in the first century BC up to its end in the tenth century. It should interest all the specialists of Ancient and Medieval Asia (including specialists of Sinology, Islamic Studies, Iranology, Turkology and Indology) but also specialists of Medieval Economic History.
01 Jan 1995
TL;DR: In this article, the authors discuss the formation of an economy in late antiquity with the coming of the Sassanian Empire in 224 CE, and the role of the state and traders and their relation with one another.
Abstract: This essay discusses the formation of an economy in late antiquity with the coming of the Sassanian Empire in 224 CE. Local, imperial, regional, and international trade and the role of the state and traders and their relation with one another are previewed. Based on surviving evidence, one can see that a vibrant bazaar economy had developed in cities, protected by the imperial government and at times through the resettlement of populations from outside of the Iranian plateau and Mesopotamia. These local economies in turn created an imperial network by the Sassanians but acted autonomously. Trade networks were mainly developed based on religious affiliation, and they created connections throughout Asia to control commodities such as silk and other precious goods. Through Sassanian protection (224–651 CE) of trade, their Byzantine rivals were unable to gain an economic foothold in Asia. In the international trade provided by the Silk Road and the sea route, China and India became important centers of production, while the Iranians, such as the Sogdians, Bactrians and Persians, acted as traders and intermediaries in the Eurasian trade. These structures created in late antiquity by the Sassanian Empire in Asia were inherited by the Muslims in the seventh century CE and were continued and expanded.
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