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Journal ArticleDOI

Alles eine Frage der Perspektive – Zur sogenannten erlebten Rede im narrativen Text

08 Apr 2019-Zeitschrift Fur Germanistische Linguistik (De Gruyter)-Vol. 47, Iss: 1, pp 28-69
TL;DR: Erlebte Rede (free indirect style) as mentioned in this paper is a narrative technique used to present reports of consciousness which to some extent blends direct and indirect speech, which is characterized by the interaction of specific linguistic markers which allow the presentation of a character's point of view while simultaneously maintaining the narrative frame.
Abstract: Abstracts Erlebte Rede (free indirect style) is a narrative technique used to present reports of consciousness which to some extent blends direct and indirect speech. It is characterized by the interaction of specific linguistic markers which allow the presentation of a character’s point of view while simultaneously maintaining the narrative frame. A character’s thoughts are expressed in the third person, indicative and narrative tense giving the impression that the voice of both the narrator and the character somehow overlap. This contribution summarizes the research on erlebte Rede, focussing on German. Regarding narratological aspects, I discuss linguistic problems specific to identification and analysis of texts which employ erlebte Rede. This paper primarily addresses the use of erlebte Rede in fiction, although it is also found in non-fiction.
Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Barwise and Perry as discussed by the authors tackle the slippery subject of ''meaning, '' a subject that has long vexed linguists, language philosophers, and logicians, and they tackle it in this book.
Abstract: In this provocative book, Barwise and Perry tackle the slippery subject of \"meaning, \" a subject that has long vexed linguists, language philosophers, and logicians.

1,834 citations

Journal Article

50 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the grammatical characteristics of narrative discourse mode and their implications for a linguistic theory of narration have been investigated, and three central questions within the intersection between narrative micro- and macro-structures, namely the definition of narrativity, the status of the narrator, and the relation between narration and fictionality are discussed.
Abstract: Abstract Is there a ‚narrative syntax‘, i. e. a special grammar restricted to narrative fiction? Starting from this question which has been investigated since early structuralism, the paper focusses on grammatical characteristics of narrative discourse mode and their implications for a linguistic theory of narration. Its goal is two-fold: In a first step, the traditional accounts by Benveniste, Hamburger, Kuroda and recent typological studies are brought together in order to support the claim that the distinction between narrative and non-narrative discourse mode is a fundamental one that has consequences for the use of grammar. In a second step, I discuss three central questions within the intersection between narrative micro- and macro-structures, namely (i) the definition of narrativity, (ii) the status of the narrator, and (iii) the relation between narration and fictionality. In sum, the article argues that investigations on the ‘grammar of narration’ do not just offer insights into a specific text configuration next to others, but are deeply linked to fundamental theoretical questions concerning the architecture of language – and that the comparison between linguistic and narratological categories offers a potential for addressing them.

8 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: This work presents a systematic empirical investigation of the predictions of the quotation/attraction approach in DGS (German Sign Language), and shows that the quotational approach can deal with examples of role shift in terms of unquotation and a pragmatic principle of ‘attraction’.
Abstract: There are two main competing views about the nature of sign language role shift within formal semantics today: Quer (2005) and Schlenker (2017a,b), following now standard analyses of indexical shift in spoken languages, analyze it as a so­called ‘monstrous operator’, while K. Davidson (2015) and Maier (2017), following more traditional and cognitive approaches, analyze it as form of quotation. Examples of role shift in which some indexicals are shifted and some unshifted pose a prima facie problem for both approaches. We show that the quotational approach can deal with these examples in terms of unquotation and a pragmatic principle of ‘attraction’. We present a systematic empirical investigation of the predictions of the quotation/attraction approach in DGS (German Sign Language). Results for the second person pronoun, IX2, fully support the attraction hypothesis, while results for IX1 and HERE are inconclusive.

2 citations

Book ChapterDOI
01 Jan 2016
TL;DR: In this article, erschutterung, die der Tod der gleichaltrigen Jugendfreundin Christa Tabbert 1963 bei Christa Wolf ausgelost hatte, wirkte nachhaltig und war schlieslich auch ein Schreibimpuls, individuelle Lebensentwurfe zu uberprufen und uber Weg und Ziel einer Generation nachzudenken.
Abstract: Die Nachricht vom unerwarteten, fruhen Tod eines Menschen als Gedanken bestimmendes Motiv war in Juninachmittag bereits angeklungen. Die Erschutterung, die der Tod der gleichaltrigen Jugendfreundin Christa Tabbert 1963 bei Christa Wolf ausgelost hatte, wirkte nachhaltig und war schlieslich auch ein Schreibimpuls, individuelle Lebensentwurfe zu uberprufen und uber Weg und Ziel einer Generation nachzudenken.

1 citations

References
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Barwise and Perry as discussed by the authors tackle the slippery subject of ''meaning, '' a subject that has long vexed linguists, language philosophers, and logicians, and they tackle it in this book.
Abstract: In this provocative book, Barwise and Perry tackle the slippery subject of \"meaning, \" a subject that has long vexed linguists, language philosophers, and logicians.

1,834 citations

Book
01 Jan 1985
TL;DR: A finding that challenges several traditional and widespread views on meaning and natural language, with far-reaching implications: adequate theories of truth and reference cannot bypass the cognitive space-construction process, and standard linguistic arguments for hidden structural levels are invalidated.
Abstract: This book offers a highly original, integrated treatment of issues that play a central role in linguistic semantics, philosophy of language, and cognitive approaches to meaning.It is based on the idea that expressions of language are not interpreted directly via truth conditions; rather, at a certain cognitive level they help to build up mental spaces, internally structured and linked to one another. Because the construction of spaces is typically underdetermined by the expressions, simple principles yield multiple possibilities and apparently complex ambiguities.Focusing on the mental constructions that can be associated with expressions rather than merely on the expressions themselves, Fauconnier reveals a general, uniform, and elegant organization that is responsible for superficially diverse and complex phenomena. A finding that challenges several traditional and widespread views on meaning and natural language, with far-reaching implications: adequate theories of truth and reference cannot bypass the cognitive space-construction process, and standard linguistic arguments for hidden structural levels are invalidated.Gilles Fauconnier is director of studies at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales and Professor of Linguistics at the University of Paris VIII.A Bradford Book.

1,267 citations

Book
01 Jan 2005
TL;DR: In this paper, a preliminary case for Conventional Implicatures and a logic for conventional implicatures are presented, together with a syntactic analysis of Grice's definition.
Abstract: 1. Introduction 2. A Preliminary Case for Conventional Implicatures 3. A Logic for Conventional Implicatures 4. Supplements 5. Expressive Content 6. The Supplement Relation: A Syntactic Analysis 7. A Look Outside Grice's Definition Appendix Bibliography

1,001 citations

Book
27 Apr 2011

674 citations


"Alles eine Frage der Perspektive – ..." refers background in this paper

  • ...Bühler (1934) hat für die Interpretation deiktischer Ausdrücke den Begriff der Hier-Jetzt-Ich-Origo als Nullpunkt des Bezugssystems geprägt....

    [...]

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors argue that the truth values of sentences containing predicates of "personal taste" such as fun or tasty must be relativized to individuals, but this relativization is of truth value only, and does not involve a relativisation of semantic content: if you say roller coasters are fun and I say they are not, I am negating the same content which you assert, and directly contradicting you.
Abstract: This paper argues that truth values of sentences containing predicates of “personal taste” such as fun or tasty must be relativized to individuals. This relativization is of truth value only, and does not involve a relativization of semantic content: If you say roller coasters are fun, and I say they are not, I am negating the same content which you assert, and directly contradicting you. Nonetheless, both our utterances can be true (relative to their separate contexts). A formal semantic theory is presented which gives this result by introducing an individual index, analogous to the world and time indices commonly used, and by treating the pragmatic context as supplying a particular value for this index. The context supplies this value in the derivation of truth values from content, not in the derivation of content from character. Predicates of personal taste therefore display a kind of contextual variation in interpretation which is unlike the familiar variation exhibited by pronouns and other indexicals.

541 citations


"Alles eine Frage der Perspektive – ..." refers background in this paper

  • ...Lasersohn (2005) stipuliert einen judge für die Analyse von expressiven bzw. evaluativen Ausdrücken, Patel-Grosz (2012) proklamiert für den gleichen Zweck einen evaluator und Harris (2012) spricht vom perspectival center....

    [...]