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Journal ArticleDOI

An Evolutionary Way to Standardize the Internet of Things

31 Dec 2014-Vol. 2, Iss: 2, pp 87-108
TL;DR: It is argued that a key direction of the future standardization of the IoT, in addition to integrating existing technologies, is building overast andardized newarchitecturereferencemodel for the Internet ofThings, and focus on the interactions among functional entities to impose minimum constraints on future technical innovations.
Abstract: The current situation of technology separation among the different application domains of the Internet of Things (IoT) results in a market separation per application domain. This issue hinders the technical innovation and investments in the IoT business. In order to solve the issue, it is necessary to standardize common technologies of the IoT across the different application domains. This paper argues that a key direction of the future standardization of the IoT, in addition to standardizing specific technologies, is building over a standardized new architecture reference model for the IoT. Based on the analysis of existing key activities concerning the standardization of OSI, NGN and IoT from a functional architecture perspective, it suggests that the IoT standardization work be progressed in an evolutionary way in order to enable the integration of existing technologies, and focus on the interactions among functional entities or deployable components of the IoT to impose minimum constraints on future technical innovations. Topics discussed in the paper include characteristic capabilities of the IoT, ways of integrating the cloud computing technologies in the IoT perspective, and challenges faced by the IoT standardization work.

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Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper critically review the SDN and fog computing-based solutions to overcome the IoT main challenges, highlighting their advantages, and exposing their weaknesses and makes recommendations for the upcoming research work.

151 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors investigated how standards shape the emerging M2M/IoT technological trajectory and influence convergence in terms of technological importance and diversity and found that standards are a driving force of technological convergence.

64 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper surveys major technical limitations that are hindering the successful deployment of the IoT such as standardization, interoperability, networking issues, addressing and sensing issues, power and storage restrictions, privacy and security, etc.
Abstract: The Internet of Things (IoT), often referred as the future Internet; is a collection of interconnected devices integrated into the world-wide network that covers almost everything and could be available anywhere. IoT is an emerging technology and aims to play an important role in saving money, conserving energy, eliminating gap and better monitoring for intensive management on a routine basis. On the other hand, it is also facing certain design constraints such as technical challenges, social challenges, compromising privacy and performance tradeoffs. This paper surveys major technical limitations that are hindering the successful deployment of the IoT such as standardization, interoperability, networking issues, addressing and sensing issues, power and storage restrictions, privacy and security, etc. This paper categorizes the existing research on the technical constraints that have been published in the recent years. With this categorization, we aim to provide an easy and concise view of the technical aspects of the IoT. Furthermore, we forecast the changes influenced by the IoT. This paper predicts the future and provides an estimation of the world in year 2020 and beyond.

36 citations


Cites background from "An Evolutionary Way to Standardize ..."

  • ...The common issues included are location, addressing, sensor networking integration, naming, charging, Quality of service (QoS), privacy and security, network management, software or application, and hardware interfaces for M2M communication standardization [7], [11], [28], [31], [32], [33]....

    [...]

  • ... scalability IoT Business and cloud computing [33]  Standardization  Autonomic capabilities...

    [...]

Book ChapterDOI
25 Mar 2017
TL;DR: With the increasingly wide application of Internet of Things technology in the industrial field, Industrial Internet of things provides a viable and convenient service for the development of intelligent industry, meanwhile more and more countries pay attention to the development.
Abstract: With the increasingly wide application of Internet of Things technology in the industrial field, Industrial Internet of Things provides a viable and convenient service for the development of intelligent industry, meanwhile more and more countries pay attention to the development of Industrial Internet of Things. The data of Industrial Internet of Things have features such as massive polymorphism, dynamic heterogeneity, relevance, real-time etc.

7 citations

Book ChapterDOI
01 Jan 2019
TL;DR: This book chapter addresses all the issues of internet of things, which offers the advantage of anytime from anywhere, helps in predicting the outcome with accuracy, the transfer of data and in the implementation of flexible electronics.
Abstract: The emergence of a novel technology always has had a greater influence on the environmental and social conditions of an individual or society. Technology has taken social living to leaps and bounds in the past few decades. Any advancement in the technology has certainly has healthy and adverse implications on the growth engine of the society. The standard of living of the people often gets perturbed by the richness of scientific innovation in the form of technological products. In this context, the emerging innovation that is slowly conquering the social lifestyle in the recent past is internet of things (IoT). IoT offers the advantage of anytime from anywhere, helps in predicting the outcome with accuracy, the transfer of data and in the implementation of flexible electronics. The concept of smart cities to wearable electronics, high-end computing systems applications would not have been possible without IoT. There is another aspect of IoT that has greater influence on the society. The ethical and legal implications are complex to understand, and this book chapter addresses all these issues.

1 citations

References
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This survey is directed to those who want to approach this complex discipline and contribute to its development, and finds that still major issues shall be faced by the research community.

12,539 citations

Proceedings ArticleDOI
25 Aug 2003
TL;DR: It is argued that cognitive techniques, rather than traditional algorithmic approaches, are best suited to meeting the uncertainties and complexity of the objective of network research.
Abstract: We propose a new objective for network research: to build a fundamentally different sort of network that can assemble itself given high level instructions, reassemble itself as requirements change, automatically discover when something goes wrong, and automatically fix a detected problem or explain why it cannot do so.We further argue that to achieve this goal, it is not sufficient to improve incrementally on the techniques and algorithms we know today. Instead, we propose a new construct, the Knowledge Plane, a pervasive system within the network that builds and maintains high-level models of what the network is supposed to do, in order to provide services and advice to other elements of the network. The knowledge plane is novel in its reliance on the tools of AI and cognitive systems. We argue that cognitive techniques, rather than traditional algorithmic approaches, are best suited to meeting the uncertainties and complexity of our objective.

635 citations


"An Evolutionary Way to Standardize ..." refers methods in this paper

  • ...In our opinion, in order to integrate the different models of the IoT ARM, a “knowledge plane” such as that one proposed by David Clark in [6] may be needed in the IoT functional model....

    [...]

Journal Article
TL;DR: The development of IOT is a difficult process, but its bright future is worth further efforts, and the bottlenecks in technical standards, security, and protocol etc are discussed.
Abstract: This paper presents the definition of IOT(the Internet of Things) and the related technology required by the perception layer,network layer,and application layer.The application of IOT in real life is described,and several examples in public safety,environment and other fields are given to elaborate the value of IOT.This paper lists some problems faced by IOT,and discusses the bottlenecks in technical standards,security,and protocol etc.In addition,this paper gives a brief introduction of the current development of IOT industry chain,and based on this,it draws a conclusion that the development of IOT is a difficult process,but its bright future is worth further efforts.

306 citations

Proceedings ArticleDOI
03 Jun 2014
TL;DR: It is suggested that the IoT standardization work be progressed in an evolutionary way in order to enable the integration of existing technologies, and focus on the interactions among the functional entities of the IoT to impose minimum constraints on future technical innovations.
Abstract: The current situation of technology separation among the different application domains of the Internet of Things (IoT) results in a market separation per application domain. This issue hinders the technical innovation and investments in the IoT business. In order to solve the issue, it is necessary to standardize common technologies of the IoT across the different application domains. This paper argues that the key direction of the future standardization of the IoT is not standardizing specific technologies, but building over a standardized new architecture reference model for the IoT. Based on the analysis of existing key activities concerning the standardization of OSI, NGN and IoT from a functional architecture perspective, it suggests that the IoT standardization work be progressed in an evolutionary way in order to enable the integration of existing technologies, and focus on the interactions among the functional entities of the IoT to impose minimum constraints on future technical innovations.

7 citations