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An Introduction to Policing

TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a history of policing in the United States, including the formation of the first police departments, the role of the police role, the culture, personality, and police stress.
Abstract: Part I: POLICE HISTORY AND ORGANIZATION. 1. Police History. 2. Organizing Public Security in the United States. 3. Organizing the Police Department. Part II: THE PERSONAL SIDE OF POLICING. 4. Becoming a Police Officer. 5. The Police Role and Police Discretion. 6. Police Culture, Personality, and Police Stress. 7. Minorities in Policing. 8. Police Ethics and Police Deviance. Part III: POLICE OPERATIONS. 9. Patrol Operations. 10. Investigations. 11. Police and Their Clients. 12. Community Policing. 13. Police and the Law. Part IV: CRITICAL ISSUES IN POLICING. 14. Computers, Technology, and Criminalistics in Policing. 15. Homeland Security.
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A conceptual model of the police occupational culture is presented in this article that explains its causes, prescriptions, and outcomes, highlighting the complexity of culture, noting variation across organizations and within by rank and style.

522 citations


Cites background from "An Introduction to Policing"

  • ...Due to this separation between the police and the public, officers tend to identify and socialize exclusively with other officers....

    [...]

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors examined whether Agnew's general strain theory (GST) offers a potential theoretical explanation for the relationship between police officer stress and negative coping strategies, particularly problematic alcohol consumption.

141 citations

Proceedings ArticleDOI
21 Mar 2011
TL;DR: Improvements in forensic face recognition through research in facial aging, facial marks, forensic sketch recognition, face recognition in video, near-infrared face recognition, and use of soft biometrics will be discussed.
Abstract: Face recognition has become a valuable and routine forensic tool used by criminal investigators. Compared to automated face recognition, forensic face recognition is more demanding because it must be able to handle facial images captured under non-ideal conditions and it has high liability for following legal procedures. This paper discusses recent developments in automated face recognition that impact the forensic face recognition community. Improvements in forensic face recognition through research in facial aging, facial marks, forensic sketch recognition, face recognition in video, near-infrared face recognition, and use of soft biometrics will be discussed. Finally, current limitations and future research directions for face recognition in forensics are suggested.

131 citations


Cites background from "An Introduction to Policing"

  • ..., the Super Bowl game in Tampa in 2001 [33] and the Meinz railway station test in Germany in 2006 [36]) did not meet the required levels of matching accuracy....

    [...]

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a survey of law enforcement agencies' ability to fill sworn positions, identified the strategies used to attract and hire females and minorities, measured agencies' success in filling sworn positions with females and minority, and measured through negative binomial regression the impact of agency strategies and agency characteristics on levels of female and minority applications and hires.

77 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This article explored the generality of Agnew's general strain theory using a sample of 596 Baltimore, Maryland male poličers and found that it is one of the more recent advances in criminological theory.

69 citations