# An Optimal Multiband Compact Modified Crinkle Fractal Antenna for Wireless Applications

##### Citations

14 citations

### Cites methods from "An Optimal Multiband Compact Modifi..."

...In addition, some other fractal structures are also used, including the Minkowski curve [23], Spidron fractal [24], crinkle curve [25], Peano fractal [26], and many other curves....

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##### References

35,104 citations

### "An Optimal Multiband Compact Modifi..." refers background or methods in this paper

...It was introduced by Kennedy J, Eberhart R in 1995 [12] and now days it is very popular among antenna design engineers....

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...Two optimization method are used to optimize same objective function given in equation (7), one of them is PSO which is widely used in the field of electromagnetic and antenna designing [12][18], while as second one DFO is newly introduced method [10] and used to optimize the problem of antenna in [11]....

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...PSO is a widely used optimization technique in the field of electromagnetic and antenna technology, introduced in 1995 by James Kennedy and Russell Eberhart [12]....

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1,897 citations

### "An Optimal Multiband Compact Modifi..." refers background or methods in this paper

...If there is no neighboring search agent (Dragonfly) than search agent will update its location by using Levy flight, according to the equation [10] given below:...

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...Where, t represents the current iteration To improve the randomness, stochastic behavior and exploration of the artificial dragonflies, the concept of random walk called levy flight is proposed in the work [10]....

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...In [10] a new optimization method is introduced by S....

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...Two optimization method are used to optimize same objective function given in equation (7), one of them is PSO which is widely used in the field of electromagnetic and antenna designing [12][18], while as second one DFO is newly introduced method [10] and used to optimize the problem of antenna in [11]....

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...Position vectors are computed after calculating the step vector in [10] by the following equation:...

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1,055 citations

### "An Optimal Multiband Compact Modifi..." refers background in this paper

...All the simulated results proves that increase in number of iteration increase the number of resonating frequency bands as mentioned in report [6] [17] and also the resonating frequency reduced considerably without increasing the size of antenna, for 1st iteration it resonates at 11....

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754 citations

### "An Optimal Multiband Compact Modifi..." refers background in this paper

...Fractal is the objects which possesses the property of self similarity and repeat itself at different scale [2]....

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...Fractal geometry is also responsible for multiband behavior of antenna [2] [6]....

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172 citations

### "An Optimal Multiband Compact Modifi..." refers background in this paper

...In [3] first effort was made to explore the multiband behavior of fractal structure as radiating element....

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