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Journal ArticleDOI

Android based Solar Powered Automatic Irrigation System

28 Dec 2016-Indian journal of science and technology (The Indian Society of Education and Environment)-Vol. 9, Iss: 47, pp 1-5
TL;DR: This system consists of temperature, moisture and PH sensors which will tell the user about the conditions of the field and according to it the user can control the system, which is low power, low cost, small size, robust and highly versatile.
Abstract: Background/Objectives: India is an agriculture based country. Agriculture is the main source of food for any country and thus it is important to have a proper irrigation system. Due to global warming and many climate changes nowadays there is no fixed time of rain and the amount of rain so there is a great chance of the crops getting destroyed. Less rain leads to under irrigation and excessive rain leads to over irrigation and both these would result in yield reduction. In this paper we introduce a system which can control the irrigation according to the need. Methods/Statistical Analysis: In this paper we introduce a system which can control the irrigation according to the need. This system consists of temperature, moisture and PH sensors which will tell the user about the conditions of the field and according to it the user can control the system. This system is also automatic i.e. we can preset some certain values for the moisture and when the moisture goes below the threshold level the system will automatically switch on the pumps until the moisture level goes to the required. Findings: The system is powered by a renewable source of energy i.e. solar energy. This system is connected to the user by IOT (Internet Of Things) and user can check the status and control the system from the android mobile phone. There is also a LCD which displays the moisture, temperature and the pH of the soil. Application/Improvements: This system can be implemented in farms, parks, horticulture land and wherever there is a need for efficient irrigation system. This system supports aggressive water management for the agriculture land. The design is low power, low cost, small size, robust and highly versatile.
Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
14 Feb 2020-Sensors
TL;DR: A survey aimed at summarizing the current state of the art regarding smart irrigation systems, which determines the parameters that are monitored in irrigation systems regarding water quantity and quality, soil characteristics and weather conditions.
Abstract: Water management is paramount in countries with water scarcity. This also affects agriculture, as a large amount of water is dedicated to that use. The possible consequences of global warming lead to the consideration of creating water adaptation measures to ensure the availability of water for food production and consumption. Thus, studies aimed at saving water usage in the irrigation process have increased over the years. Typical commercial sensors for agriculture irrigation systems are very expensive, making it impossible for smaller farmers to implement this type of system. However, manufacturers are currently offering low-cost sensors that can be connected to nodes to implement affordable systems for irrigation management and agriculture monitoring. Due to the recent advances in IoT and WSN technologies that can be applied in the development of these systems, we present a survey aimed at summarizing the current state of the art regarding smart irrigation systems. We determine the parameters that are monitored in irrigation systems regarding water quantity and quality, soil characteristics and weather conditions. We provide an overview of the most utilized nodes and wireless technologies. Lastly, we will discuss the challenges and the best practices for the implementation of sensor-based irrigation systems.

264 citations

Book ChapterDOI
01 Nov 2018
TL;DR: This study seeks to develop an automated solar-powered irrigation system that harnesses solar energy for smart irrigation and allows for more efficient way to conserve water on the farmland.
Abstract: This study seeks to develop an automated solar-powered irrigation system. This will provide a cost-effective solution to the traditional irrigation method. This project is aimed at designing a system that harnesses solar energy for smart irrigation and allows for more efficient way to conserve water on the farmland. The system developed is portable and is designed to be adaptable to existing water system. The system incorporates wireless communication technology established using NRF module. For easy operations, the system can be controlled via an Android app-enabled with Bluetooth network. The user experience allows selection of either manual control for scheduled irrigation or automatic control using wireless sensors.

12 citations

Proceedings ArticleDOI
04 Feb 2021
TL;DR: The smart irrigation system is the combination of software, hardware, and firmware with the help of various computational techniques such as IoT, artificial intelligence, and Machine learning as discussed by the authors, it is important and needed to society because of the effective production of yields and effective usage of resources.
Abstract: The smart irrigation system is the combination of software, hardware, and firmware with the help of various computational techniques such as IoT, artificial intelligence, and Machine learning. It is important and needed to society because of the effective production of yields and effective usage of resources. Effective techniques are needed to optimize the water, monitor the moisture, and increase the yields. This article presents different recent techniques related to the smart irrigation systems in agriculture using IoT and artificial intelligence system. The various components, Modern irrigation system, various comparison parameters, and its requirements are presented in this article. Finally, presented various issues, challenges, and future direction of the research in the smart irrigation system.

4 citations

Proceedings ArticleDOI
01 Mar 2017
TL;DR: This work suggested a method which utilizes the potential of low power, high speed microcontrollers by using widely accepted open source Android platform, which enables the field devices over a wireless link which is GSM based and can read signals from sensors connected in the field and can send the sensed electrical parameters of the motor or pump to an Android device.
Abstract: Today, automation is preferred in every sector Automated systems being more flexible to use, offers high accuracy and reliability in long term operations as compared to manual operated systems Problems faced by farmers in the agricultural system are of great concern these days This work is an attempt to implement automation for control of electrical motor or pump used in agriculture domain The agriculture work by its nature is a field job, hence devices used are sparsely distributed This makes it difficult for farmers to control and operate these devices in real time With the emerging technologies, we have seen the advent of many wireless communication techniques, having lower operating cost along with interactive protocols The system's operational range is scaled up by the use of the GSM communication system This work suggested a method which utilizes the potential of low power, high speed microcontrollers by using widely accepted open source Android platform The proposed model enables us to control the field devices over a wireless link which is GSM based and can read signals from sensors connected in the field and can send the sensed electrical parameters of the motor or pump to an Android device A GUI (Graphical User Interface) is developed for Android device and successfully performed testing for switching ON and OFF of the motor or pump remotely Also, provided a simple display of availability of power at remote locations

1 citations


Cites background from "Android based Solar Powered Automat..."

  • ...[1] describes a system which is powered by solar energy, a renewable energy resource....

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Proceedings ArticleDOI
26 Sep 2022
TL;DR: In this article , the authors presented the design of Photovoltaic (PV) watering plant system with Internet of Things (IoT) incorporated with soil moisture and air humidity for hydroponic plants namely water spinach, red spinach and mustard green plant.
Abstract: This paper presents the design of Photovoltaic (PV) watering plant system with Internet of Things (IoT) incorporated with soil moisture and air humidity for hydroponic plants namely water spinach, red spinach and mustard green plant. The input data of the soil moisture and humidity sensors would trigger the water pump in pumping water from the water tank to the plant when the sensors input data reaches below the threshold value and display the data onto Blynk application for monitoring purposes. The power measurement of PV system is implemented by measuring the voltage, current and power produced from the solar panel. Results show that the each soil moisture sensor is able to measure the moisture of each hydroponic plant with an average reading of 80% while the humidity sensor with the reading of 57.25% and 50.25% for both humidity sensor positioned on left and right respectively. This PV system using INA219 sensor was also able to perform the measurement while the solar panel is charging the battery. The proposed system indicates that the plant can be grown without the need of watering the plant physically which eases the workforce in modern agriculture.
References
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: An innovative GSM/Bluetooth based remote controlled embedded system for irrigation that enables users to take advantage of the globally deployed GSM networks with its low SMS service cost to use mobile phones and simple SMS commands to manage their irrigation system is proposed.
Abstract: The greenhouse based modern agriculture industries are the recent requirement in every part of agriculture in India. In this technology, the humidity and temperature of plants are precisely controlled. Due to the variable atmospheric circumstances these conditions sometimes may vary from place to place in large farmhouse, which makes very difficult to maintain the uniformity at all the places in the farmhouse manually. It is observed that for the first time an android phone-control the Irrigation system, which could give the facilities of maintaining uniform environmental conditions are proposed. The Android Software Development Kit provides the tools and Application Programmable Interface necessary to begin developing applications on the Android platform using the Java programming language. Mobile phones have almost become an integral part of human life serving multiple needs of humans. This application makes use of the GPRS (General Packet Radio Service) feature of mobile phone as a solution for irrigation control system. GSM (Global System for Mobile Communication) is used to inform the user about the exact field condition. The information is passed onto the user request in the form of SMS. Drip irrigation is artificial method of supplying water to the roots of the plant. It is also called micro irrigation. In past few years there is a rapid growth in this system. The user communicates with the centralized unit through SMS. The centralized unit communicates with the system through SMS which will be received by the GSM with the help of the SIM card. The GSM sends this data to ARM7which is also continuously receives the data from sensors in some form of codes. After processing, this data is displayed on the LCD. Thus in short whenever the system receives the activation command from the subscriber it checks all the field conditions and gives a detailed feedback to the user and waits for another activation command to start the motor. The motor is controlled by a simple manipulation in the internal structure of the starter. The starter coil is indirectly activated by means of a transistorized relay circuit. When the motor is started, a constant monitoring on soil moisture and water level is done & once the soil moisture is reached to sufficient level the motor is automatically turned off & a massage is send to subscriber that the motor is turned off. The water level indicator indicates three levels low, medium, high and also empty tank. Shen etc. al (2007) introduced a GSM-SMS remote measurement and control system for greenhouse based on PC-based database system connected with base station. Base station is developed by using a microcontroller, GSM module, sensors and actuators. In practical operation, the central station receives and sends messages through GSM module. Criterion value of parameters to be measured in every base station is set by central station, and then in base stations parameters including the air temperature, the air humidity. Indu etc. al (2013) mainly focuses on reviews in the field of remote monitoring and control, the technology used and their potential advantages. The paper proposes an innovative GSM/Bluetooth based remote controlled embedded system for irrigation. The system sets the irrigation time depending on the temperature and humidity reading from sensors and type of crop and can automatically irrigate the field when unattended. Information is exchanged between far end and designed system via SMS on GSM network. A Bluetooth module is also interfaced with the main microcontroller chip which eliminates the SMS charges when the user is within the limited range of few meters to the designated system. The system informs users about many conditions like status of electricity, dry running motor, increased temperature, water content in soil and smoke via SMS on GSM network or by Bluetooth. The GSM based irrigation system (Fig.1) may offer users the flexibility to regulate and control the operations of their irrigation systems with little intervention to reduce runoff from over watering for improvement in crop yield. This enables users to take advantage of the globally deployed GSM networks with its low SMS service cost to use mobile phones and simple SMS commands to manage their irrigation system. It will be possible for users to use SMS to monitor directly the conditions of their farmland, schedule the water

86 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors have designed and developed a system for measuring and monitoring soil moisture by interfacing low-cost soil moisture sensor with CC3200 LaunchPad and using Internet of Things (IoT), Cloud computing and Mobile Computing technologies.
Abstract: Objectives: Soil moisture information plays an important role in environmental monitoring, agricultural production and hydrological studies. Particularly, agricultural yield depends on several growing parameters like temperature, humidity, soil moisture and pH of the soil, etc. In this paper, we have designed and developed a system for measuring and monitoring soil moisture by interfacing low-cost soil moisture sensor with CC3200 LaunchPad and using Internet of Things (IoT), Cloud computing and Mobile computing technologies. Methods/Statistical Analysis: Two types of soils, namely red and black were collected from the field and experiments were carried out at room temperature. Moisture levels were measured using the commercially available soil moisture sensor: FC-28. Such values downloaded from the Cloud (earlier these values are uploaded into AT&T’s M2X Cloud technology and mobile application using CC3200 LaunchPad) are compared with the gravimetric dry basic technique. The results are in agreement with a deviation of 2%. Findings: Data corresponding to the moisture contents of red and black soils were uploaded to the AT&Ts’ M2X Cloud and accessed on-line and monitored the humidity levels on the screens of the mobile/laptop. In parallel the data acquired is also stored in the form of excel sheet for further processing. Conclusion: In this paper, we have designed and developed a Cloud computing Android system that gives on-line information about soil moisture. The results obtained for two types of soils are uploaded to the Cloud and accessed through the mobile/laptop from a remote area are presented.

31 citations

01 Jan 2012
TL;DR: Sipana's C.O.E as discussed by the authors stated that solar power is absolutely perfect for use with irrigation systems for gardens, allotments, greenhouses, and polytonal.
Abstract: Sipana's C.O.E, Amaravati ABSTRACT : Solar power is absolutely perfect for use with irrigation systems for gardens, allotments, greenhouses, and polytonal. When the sun is shining you need more water and so the solar power is there for the pump. By adding a suitable deep-cycle leisure/marine battery, power can be made available 24 hours per day enabling watering in the evening - the best time to water plants in the summer so that the water has a chance to soak into the ground.

6 citations