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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/IJMS22052491

Applications of Biomaterials in 3D Cell Culture and Contributions of 3D Cell Culture to Drug Development and Basic Biomedical Research.

02 Mar 2021-International Journal of Molecular Sciences (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute)-Vol. 22, Iss: 5, pp 2491
Abstract: The process of evaluating the efficacy and toxicity of drugs is important in the production of new drugs to treat diseases. Testing in humans is the most accurate method, but there are technical and ethical limitations. To overcome these limitations, various models have been developed in which responses to various external stimuli can be observed to help guide future trials. In particular, three-dimensional (3D) cell culture has a great advantage in simulating the physical and biological functions of tissues in the human body. This article reviews the biomaterials currently used to improve cellular functions in 3D culture and the contributions of 3D culture to cancer research, stem cell culture and drug and toxicity screening.

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Topics: Drug development (52%), 3D cell culture (51%)

11 results found

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/CANCERS13122970
13 Jun 2021-Cancers
Abstract: It is now well established that the tumor microenvironment plays a key role in determining cancer growth, metastasis and drug resistance. Thus, it is fundamental to understand how cancer cells interact and communicate with their stroma and how this crosstalk regulates disease initiation and progression. In this setting, 3D cell cultures have gained a lot of interest in the last two decades, due to their ability to better recapitulate the complexity of tumor microenvironment and therefore to bridge the gap between 2D monolayers and animal models. Herein, we present an overview of the 3D systems commonly used for studying tumor-stroma interactions, with a focus on recent advances in cancer modeling and drug discovery and testing.

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Topics: Tumor microenvironment (55%)

1 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/NANO11092322
Milena Ugrin1, Jelena Dinić1, Sanja Jeremic1, Sandra Dragicevic1  +2 moreInstitutions (1)
07 Sep 2021-Nanomaterials
Abstract: Bacterial nanocellulose (BNC) stands out among polymers as a promising biomaterial due to its mechanical strength, hydrophilicity, biocompatibility, biodegradability, low toxicity and renewability. The use of scaffolds based on BNC for 3D cell culture has been previously demonstrated. The study exploited excellent properties of the BNC to develop an efficient and low-cost in vitro cell migration assay. The BNC scaffold was introduced into a cell culture 24 h after the SW480 cells were seeded, and cells were allowed to enter the scaffold within the next 24–48 h. The cells were stained with different fluorophores either before or after the introduction of the scaffold in the culture. Untreated cells were observed to enter the BNC scaffold in significant numbers, form clusters and retain a high viability after 48 h. To validate the assay’s usability for drug development, the treatments of SW480 cells were performed using aspirin, an agent known to reduce the migratory potential of this cell line in culture. This study demonstrates the application of BNC as a scaffold for cell migration testing as a low-cost alternative to commercial assays based on the Boyden chamber principle. The assay could be further developed for routine use in cancer research and anticancer drug development.

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Topics: 3D cell culture (56%), Migration Assay (55%)

1 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/CANCERS13225857
Chandler R. Keller1, Yang Hu2, Kelsey F. Ruud1, Anika E. VanDeen2  +5 moreInstitutions (2)
22 Nov 2021-Cancers
Abstract: Tissue extracellular matrix (ECM) is a structurally and compositionally unique microenvironment within which native cells can perform their natural biological activities. Cells grown on artificial substrata differ biologically and phenotypically from those grown within their native tissue microenvironment. Studies examining human tissue ECM structures and the biology of human tissue cells in their corresponding tissue ECM are lacking. Such investigations will improve our understanding about human pathophysiological conditions for better clinical care. We report here human normal breast tissue and invasive ductal carcinoma tissue ECM structural features. For the first time, a hydrogel was successfully fabricated using whole protein extracts of human normal breast ECM. Using immunofluorescence staining of type I collagen (Col I) and machine learning of its fibrous patterns in the polymerized human breast ECM hydrogel, we have defined the microstructural characteristics of the hydrogel and compared the microstructures with those of other native ECM hydrogels. Importantly, the ECM hydrogel supported 3D growth and cell-ECM interaction of both normal and cancerous mammary epithelial cells. This work represents further advancement toward full reconstitution of the human breast tissue microenvironment, an accomplishment that will accelerate the use of human pathophysiological tissue-derived matrices for individualized biomedical research and therapeutic development.

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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/BIOENGINEERING8110189
20 Nov 2021-Bioengineering
Abstract: Cell biomechanics plays a major role as a promising biomarker for early cancer diagnosis and prognosis. In the present study, alterations in modulus of elasticity, cell membrane roughness, and migratory potential of MCF-7 (ER+) and SKBR-3 (HER2+) cancer cells were elucidated prior to and post treatment with conditioned medium from human umbilical mesenchymal stem cells (hUMSCs-CM) during static and dynamic cell culture. Moreover, the therapeutic potency of hUMSCs-CM on cancer cell’s viability, migratory potential, and F-actin quantified intensity was addressed in 2D surfaces and 3D scaffolds. Interestingly, alterations in ER+ cancer cells showed a positive effect of treatment upon limiting cell viability, motility, and potential for migration. Moreover, increased post treatment cell stiffness indicated rigid cancer cells with confined cell movement and cytoskeletal alterations with restricted lamellipodia formation, which enhanced these results. On the contrary, the cell viability and the migratory potential were not confined post treatment with hUMSCs-CM on HER2+ cells, possibly due to their intrinsic aggressiveness. The increased post treatment cell viability and the decreased cell stiffness indicated an increased potency for cell movement. Hence, the therapy had no efficacy on HER2+ cells.

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Topics: Cancer cell (61%), Viability assay (59%), Stem cell (59%) ... show more


226 results found

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/CR000108X
Kuen Yong Lee1, David J. Mooney1Institutions (1)
31 May 2001-Chemical Reviews
Topics: Self-healing hydrogels (56%)

4,117 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.PROGPOLYMSCI.2011.06.003
Kuen Yong Lee1, David J. Mooney1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Alginate is a biomaterial that has found numerous applications in biomedical science and engineering due to its favorable properties, including biocompatibility and ease of gelation. Alginate hydrogels have been particularly attractive in wound healing, drug delivery, and tissue engineering applications to date, as these gels retain structural similarity to the extracellular matrices in tissues and can be manipulated to play several critical roles. This review will provide a comprehensive overview of general properties of alginate and its hydrogels, their biomedical applications, and suggest new perspectives for future studies with these polymers.

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Topics: Self-healing hydrogels (51%)

4,097 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1242/JCS.023820
Abstract: ![Figure][1] The extracellular matrix (ECM) is the non-cellular component present within all tissues and organs, and provides not only essential physical scaffolding for the cellular constituents but also initiates crucial biochemical and biomechanical cues that are required for tissue

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Topics: Extracellular (53%), Extracellular matrix (52%)

2,457 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NRC1893
Andrew I. Minchinton1, Ian F. Tannock2Institutions (2)
Abstract: To be most effective anticancer drugs must penetrate tissue efficiently, reaching all the cancer cells that comprise the target population in a concentration sufficient to exert a therapeutic effect. Most research into the resistance of cancers to chemotherapy has concentrated on molecular mechanisms of resistance, whereas the role of limited drug distribution within tumours has been neglected. We summarize the evidence that indicates that the distribution of many anticancer drugs in tumour tissue is incomplete, and we suggest strategies that might be used either to improve drug penetration through tumour tissue or to select compounds based on their abilities to penetrate tissue, thereby increasing the therapeutic index.

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2,196 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NRC3064
William R. Wilson1, Michael P. Hay1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Hypoxia is a feature of most tumours, albeit with variable incidence and severity within a given patient population. It is a negative prognostic and predictive factor owing to its multiple contributions to chemoresistance, radioresistance, angiogenesis, vasculogenesis, invasiveness, metastasis, resistance to cell death, altered metabolism and genomic instability. Given its central role in tumour progression and resistance to therapy, tumour hypoxia might well be considered the best validated target that has yet to be exploited in oncology. However, despite an explosion of information on hypoxia, there are still major questions to be addressed if the long-standing goal of exploiting tumour hypoxia is to be realized. Here, we review the two main approaches, namely bioreductive prodrugs and inhibitors of molecular targets upon which hypoxic cell survival depends. We address the particular challenges and opportunities these overlapping strategies present, and discuss the central importance of emerging diagnostic tools for patient stratification in targeting hypoxia.

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2,168 Citations

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