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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1002/ANIE.202101538

Arylene Diimide Phosphors: Aggregation Modulated Twin Room Temperature Phosphorescence from Pyromellitic Diimides

04 Mar 2021-Angewandte Chemie (Wiley)-Vol. 60, Iss: 22, pp 12323-12327
Abstract: Arylene diimide derived ambient organic phosphors are seldom reported despite their potential structural characteristics to facilitate the triplet harvesting. In this context, highly efficient room temperature phosphorescence (RTP) from simple, heavy-atom substituted pyromellitic diimide derivatives in amorphous matrix and crystalline state is reported here. Multiple intermolecular halogen bonding interactions among these phosphors, such as halogen-carbonyl and halogen-π resulted in the modulation of phosphorescence, cyan emission from monomeric state and orange-red emission from its aggregated state, to yield twin RTP emission. Remarkably, the air-stable phosphorescence presented here own one of the highest quantum yield (≈48 %) among various organics in orange-red emissive region.

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Topics: Phosphorescence (58%), Diimide (54%), Arylene (54%)
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11 results found


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1002/ANIE.202107295
30 Jun 2021-Angewandte Chemie
Abstract: Solution phase room-temperature phosphorescence (RTP) from organic phosphors is seldom realized. Herein we report one of the highest quantum yield solution state RTP (ca. 41.8 %) in water, from a structurally simple phthalimide phosphor, by employing an organic-inorganic supramolecular scaffolding strategy. We further use these supramolecular hybrid phosphors as a light-harvesting scaffold to achieve delayed fluorescence from orthogonally anchored Sulforhodamine acceptor dyes via an efficient triplet to singlet Forster resonance energy transfer (TS-FRET), which is rarely achieved in solution. Electrostatic cross-linking of the inorganic scaffold at higher concentrations further facilitates the formation of self-standing hydrogels with efficient RTP and energy-transfer mediated long-lived fluorescence.

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Topics: Phosphorescence (56%)

6 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1002/ANIE.202106204
Biao Chen1, Wenhuan Huang1, Xiancheng Nie1, Fan Liao1  +3 moreInstitutions (1)
26 Jul 2021-Angewandte Chemie
Abstract: Manipulation of long-lived triplet excitons in organic molecules is key to applications including next-generation optoelectronics, background-free bioimaging, information encryption, and photodynamic therapy. However, for organic room-temperature phosphorescence (RTP), which stems from triplet excitons, it is still difficult to simultaneously achieve efficiency and lifetime enhancement on account of weak spin-orbit coupling and rapid nonradiative transitions, especially in the red and near-infrared region. Herein, we report that a series of fluorescent naphthalimides-which did not originally show observable phosphorescence in solution, as aggregates, in polymer films, or in any other tested host material, including heavy-atom matrices at cryogenic temperatures-can now efficiently produce ultralong RTP (ϕ=0.17, τ=243 ms) in phthalimide hosts. Notably, red RTP (λRTP =628 nm) is realized at a molar ratio of less than 10 parts per billion, demonstrating an unprecedentedly low guest-to-host ratio where efficient RTP can take place in molecular solids.

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Topics: Phosphorescence (55%)

5 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/ACS.JPCB.1C02253
Abstract: Triplet harvesting under ambient conditions plays a crucial role in improving the luminescence efficiency of purely organic molecular systems. This requires elegant molecular designs that can harvest triplets either via room temperature phosphorescence (RTP) or by thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF). In this context, here we report a donor core-substituted pyromellitic diimide (acceptor) derivative as an efficient charge-transfer molecular design from the arylene diimide family as a triplet emitter. Solution-processed thin films of carbazole-substituted CzPhPmDI display both RTP- and TADF-mediated twin emission with a long lifetime and high efficiency under ambient conditions. The present study not only sheds light on the fundamental photophysical process involved in the triplet harvesting of donor-acceptor organic systems, but also opens new avenues in exploring an arylene diimide class of molecules as potential organic light-emitting materials.

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Topics: Diimide (57%), Phosphorescence (55%), Arylene (53%)

4 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2021.111420
Abstract: Harvesting triplet excitons via room temperature phosphorescence (RTP) from purely organic chromophores has been a formidable challenge, which has a potential applications in displays, lighting, and bio-imaging. Herein, a simple phthalimide phosphor derivative is reported, which exhibits visible cyan emissive phosphorescence in solution-processable thin films and orange-red emitting phosphorescence in the crystalline state. Presence of carbonyl group and the bromine atom in the molecular design effectively increases the inter-system crossing (ISC) and spin-orbit coupling efficiency (SOC) between singlet and triplet states, which play a crucial role in achieving efficient phosphorescence under ambient conditions.

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Topics: Phosphorescence (63%), Singlet state (51%)

1 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1002/ANIE.202108661
Shuyuan Zheng1, Shuyuan Zheng2, Jianlei Han2, Xue Jin2  +5 moreInstitutions (3)
19 Aug 2021-Angewandte Chemie
Abstract: Self-assembled chiroptical materials have attracted considerable attention due to their great applications in wide fields. During the chiral self-assembly, it remains unknown how achiral molecules can affect the assembly process and their final chiroptical performance. Herein, we report an achiral molecule directed chiral self-assembly via halogen bonds, exhibiting not only an unprecedented chiral fractal architecture but also significantly amplified circularly polarized luminescence (CPL). Two axially chiral emitters with halogen bond sites co-assemble with an achiral 1,4-diiodotetrafluorobenzene (F4 DIB) and well-ordered chiral fractal structures with asymmetry amplification are obtained. The enhancement of the dissymmetry factors of the assemblies was up to 0.051 and 0.011, which was approximately 100 folds than those of the corresponding molecules. It was found that both the design of the chiral emitter and the highly directional halogen bond played an important role in hierarchically chirality transfer from chiral emitters to the micrometer scale chiral fractal morphology and amplified dissymmetry factors. We hope that this strategy can give a further insight into the fabrication of structurally unique featured highly efficient chiroptical materials.

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1 Citations


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49 results found


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NCHEM.984
Onas Bolton1, Kangwon Lee1, Hyong-Jun Kim1, Kevin Y. Lin1  +1 moreInstitutions (1)
01 Mar 2011-Nature Chemistry
Abstract: Phosphorescence is among the many functional features that, in practice, divide pure organic compounds from organometallics and inorganics. Considered to be practically non-phosphorescent, purely organic compounds (metal-free) are very rarely explored as emitters in phosphor applications, despite the emerging demand in this field. To defy this paradigm, we describe novel design principles to create purely organic materials demonstrating phosphorescence that can be turned on by incorporating halogen bonding into their crystals. By designing chromophores to contain triplet-producing aromatic aldehydes and triplet-promoting bromine, crystal-state halogen bonding can be made to direct the heavy atom effect to produce surprisingly efficient solid-state phosphorescence. When this chromophore is diluted into the crystal of a bi-halogenated, non-carbonyl analogue, ambient phosphorescent quantum yields reach 55%. Here, using this design, a series of pure organic phosphors are colour-tuned to emit blue, green, yellow and orange. From this initial discovery, a directed heavy atom design principle is demonstrated that will allow for the development of bright and practical purely organic phosphors.

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Topics: Phosphorescence (55%), Halogen bond (52%)

832 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NMAT4259
Zhongfu An1, Chao Zheng1, Ye Tao1, Runfeng Chen1  +7 moreInstitutions (4)
01 Jul 2015-Nature Materials
Abstract: The control of the emission properties of synthetic organic molecules through molecular design has led to the development of high-performance optoelectronic devices with tunable emission colours, high quantum efficiencies and efficient energy/charge transfer processes. However, the task of generating excited states with long lifetimes has been met with limited success, owing to the ultrafast deactivation of the highly active excited states. Here, we present a design rule that can be used to tune the emission lifetime of a wide range of luminescent organic molecules, based on effective stabilization of triplet excited states through strong coupling in H-aggregated molecules. Our experimental data revealed that luminescence lifetimes up to 1.35 s, which are several orders of magnitude longer than those of conventional organic fluorophores, can be realized under ambient conditions. These results outline a fundamental principle to design organic molecules with extended lifetimes of excited states, providing a major step forward in expanding the scope of organic phosphorescence applications.

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Topics: Excited state (55%), Phosphorescence (51%)

830 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/JP909388Y
Wang Zhang Yuan1, Xiao Yuan Shen1, Hui Zhao1, Jacky Wing Yip Lam1  +9 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: Phosphorescence has rarely been observed in pure organic chromophore systems at room temperature. We herein report efficient phosphorescence from the crystals of benzophenone and its derivatives with a general formula of (X-C6H4)2C═O (X = F, Cl, Br) as well as methyl 4-bromobenzoate and 4,4′-dibromobiphenyl under ambient conditions. These luminogens are all nonemissive when they are dissolved in good solvents, adsorbed on TLC plates, and doped into polymer films, because active intramolecular motions such as rotations and vibrations under these conditions effectively annihilate their triplet excitons via nonradiative relaxation channels. In the crystalline state, the intramolecular motions are restricted by the crystal lattices and intermolecular interactions, particularly C−H···O, N−H···O, C−H···X (X = F, Cl, Br), C−Br···Br−C, and C−H···π hydrogen bonding. The physical constraints and multiple intermolecular interactions collectively lock the conformations of the luminogen molecules. This structural rigi...

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Topics: Phosphorescence (55%), Intramolecular force (53%), Intermolecular force (51%) ... read more

496 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1039/C0CC00078G
Abstract: This feature article reviews research of core-substituted naphthalenediimides (cNDIs) in a comprehensive yet easily readable manner. Their synthesis, electrochemistry and spectroscopy are covered first with emphasis on the ability of cNDIs with electron donating substituents to absorb and fluoresce in all colors without global structural changes and cNDIs with electron withdrawing substituents to reach unprecedented extents of π-acidity. The section on supramolecular chemistry covers face-to-face π-stacks and peripheral hydrogen bonds, that on molecular recognition moves from pH and fluoride sensors to the binding to telomeric DNA in vivo and intercalation into π-stacks and sticky tweezers. cNDIs can recognize and transport anions by functional anion–π interactions. The section on electron transport describes cNDIs as air-stable n-semiconductors with high charge mobility and use as OFETs. Photoinduced electron transport by rainbow cNDIs has been used for the creation of artificial photosystems in solution, in bilayer membranes and on solid substrates. Examples include multicolor light harvesting architectures, organic solar cells, photosystems that can open up into ion channels, and supramolecular n/p-heterojunctions with antiparallel redox gradients. The review is highly interdisciplinary but should appeal most to organic, biosupramolecular and physical chemists.

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427 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/S41467-018-03236-6
Jie Yang1, Xu Zhen2, Bin Wang3, Xuming Gao1  +7 moreInstitutions (4)
Abstract: Organic luminogens with persistent room temperature phosphorescence (RTP) have attracted great attention for their wide applications in optoelectronic devices and bioimaging. However, these materials are still very scarce, partially due to the unclear mechanism and lack of designing guidelines. Herein we develop seven 10-phenyl-10H-phenothiazine-5,5-dioxide-based derivatives, reveal their different RTP properties and underlying mechanism, and exploit their potential imaging applications. Coupled with the preliminary theoretical calculations, it is found that strong π-π interactions in solid state can promote the persistent RTP. Particularly, CS-CF3 shows the unique photo-induced phosphorescence in response to the changes in molecular packing, further confirming the key influence of the molecular packing on the RTP property. Furthermore, CS-F with its long RTP lifetime could be utilized for real-time excitation-free phosphorescent imaging in living mice. Thus, our study paves the way for the development of persistent RTP materials, in both the practical applications and the inherent mechanism.

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409 Citations