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Journal ArticleDOI

Assessing the Expectations and Limitations of ASEAN-EU Counter-Terrorism Cooperation

02 Aug 2020-Journal of Asean Studies (Universitas Bina Nusantara)-Vol. 8, Iss: 1, pp 61-80
TL;DR: In this article, the authors examined the inter-regional security cooperation between ASEAN and the EU with a specific focus on counterterrorism and found that CT cooperation is about facilitating a more comprehensive security governance cooperation where European standards and experience are transferred to Southeast Asia for purposes of regional security and diplomatic relations.
Abstract: This research examines the inter-regional security cooperation between ASEAN and the EU with a specific focus on counterterrorism. The research methods are based on a comparison of regional counterterrorism governance between the two regions and a close reading of Plan of Actions for the enhancement of ASEAN-EU relations documents from 2007 to 2018. The results show that CT cooperation is about facilitating a more comprehensive security governance cooperation where European standards and experience are transferred to Southeast Asia for purposes of regional security and diplomatic relations. In addition, this research also shows that EU-ASEAN CT cooperation has not been geared specifically to combat radicalism, or as part of a Counter Violent Extremism program; rather, the inter-regional cooperation has mainly focused on building a common normative framework in responding to terrorism within the corridor of democracy and preempting the terrorist networks from exploiting connectivity networks. Finally, implementation of security and political cooperation between the EU and ASEAN tend to rely on the existing extra-regional dialogue fora within ASEAN as well as direct engagement between the EU and third parties comprising each of the ASEAN states.

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Journal ArticleDOI
09 Aug 2022
TL;DR: In this article , the authors examined how Pro-IS terrorists exploit loopholes in border and immigration control to join IS abroad and the shortcoming in Indonesian government strategy to counter their mobility, and found that Indonesia needs improvement in human resources, law enforcement, immigration management, border control, as well as cross-border cooperation.
Abstract: Transnational terrorism has been a worldwide challenge, especially after the declaration of Islamic State (IS) that was based in Syria and Iraq in 2014. By 2017, most foreign terrorist fighters (FTFs) from Southeast Asia were Indonesian nationals, of almost 700 individuals. The actual number might be higher as some departed to Syria and other destination countries, like Afghanistan, the Philippines, and India, undetected. The research aimed to examine how Pro-IS terrorists exploit loopholes in border and immigration control to join IS abroad and the shortcoming in Indonesian government strategy to counter their mobility. The novelty of the research rested on its use of Supreme Court’s record of 38 Pro-IS deportees to build a dataset of their profile and travel history from 2016 to 2020. Profile of individual deportee was categorized into demography, affiliation, and funding. Travel history was mapped in accordance with the point of departure in Indonesia, transit country, final destination, and location where the arrest took place- which then led to deportation. The research finds that Indonesia needs improvement in human resources, law enforcement, immigration management, border control, as well as cross-border cooperation.

1 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
20 Jul 2022
TL;DR: Gülzau et al. as discussed by the authors discussed that connectivity enables a regional integration project to be economically sustainable and resilient against external shocks, and that regional integration should facilitate the mobility of welcomed and trusted travellers while concentrating their control resources on those prone to irregular forms of migration.
Abstract: It has been widely discussed in the literature on regionalism that connectivity and mobility are two critical concepts that underpin the deepening of the regional integration project. Connectivity allows increased mobility of ideas, people, and goods, creating a more robust regional community. Connectivity enables a regional integration project to be economically sustainable and resilient against external shocks (Bhattacharyay, 2010). Arguably, regional integration should facilitate the mobility of welcomed and trusted travellers while concentrating their control resources on those prone to ‘irregular’ forms of migration. As a result, regional integration often deepens the establishment or reconfiguration of mobility spaces (Gülzau et al., 2016).
References
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors argue that rather than providing a consolidated position, the discourse on securitization has only just begun to transform the new idea into a more comprehensive security theory.
Abstract: One of the most important and controversial contributions to a vibrant body of new security theories since the 1990s has been the idea of securitization. However, rather than providing a consolidated position the discourse on securitization has only just begun to transform the new idea into a more comprehensive security theory. This article argues that such a theory needs to go beyond the current reflections on securitization by the Copenhagen School. Through internal critique and conceptual reconstruction the article generates an alternative framework for future empirical research and identifies two centres of gravity as a first step towards a more consistent understanding of securitization as a comprehensive theory of security.

478 citations


"Assessing the Expectations and Limi..." refers background in this paper

  • ...The regional governances thus recognize the need to produce a certain policy-measure based on a collectively-endorsed urgency to treat a particular issue with an extraordinary measure(s) (Stritzel, 2007)....

    [...]

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors explore the impact of democratic transitions in Southeast Asia on regional co-operation, and the relationship between this process and the development of a non-official regionalism.
Abstract: This article explores the impact of democratic transitions in Southeast Asia on regional co-operation, and the relationship between this process and the development of a non-official regionalism. Until now, regionalism in Southeast Asia has been essentially elite-centred and politically illiberal. The emergence of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations was founded upon the common desire of its members, which had by then retreated significantly from their postcolonial experiments in liberal democracy, to ensure regime survival. This orientation was further institutionalised by asean 's doctrine of non-interference, which helped to shield its members from outside pressures towards democratisation. But with democratisation in the Philippines, Thailand and more recently Indonesia, the asean model of elite-centric regional socialisation has been challenged. The civil society in the region demands greater openness in Southeast Asian regionalism. The article proposes a conceptual framework for analysing the ...

129 citations


"Assessing the Expectations and Limi..." refers background in this paper

  • ...The next theoretical question would be: How should one assess the accomplishment of interregional cooperation? The deepening of interregional engagements is indicated by crossregional norm-convergence, generating 'division of labor' among participants in global security governance (Acharya, 2003)....

    [...]

  • ...The deepening of interregional engagements is indicated by crossregional norm-convergence, generating 'division of labor' among participants in global security governance (Acharya, 2003)....

    [...]

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors discuss the supranationalisation process of EU external relations in counter-terrorism, even in its most significant relationship with the USA, where the USA is willing to work with Europe through its institutionalised forum.
Abstract: Some very significant policy developments indicate “supranationalisation processes” of EU external relations in counter-terrorism, even in its most significant relationship with the USA. This means that, increasingly, the USA is willing to work with Europe through its institutionalised forum—the European Union. Thus, the EU achieves certain recognition on the world stage in areas previously completely unsuspected—the “high politics” of counter-terrorism. This supranationalisation process proceeds in two stages. Firstly, the construction of an Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ) pools a significant amount of national sovereignty at the level of the EU through the establishment of internal EU competences. As a side effect, however, it also constructs an institutionalised structure for external actors, such as the U.S., to deal with. Through dealing within this institutional setting, member states' interests become defined in such a way that increasingly they construct a “European” interest related ...

54 citations


"Assessing the Expectations and Limi..." refers background in this paper

  • ...This is the case because the CTC cannot force member-states into taking particular actions, it has no independent budget, no authority to propose legislation or to chair meetings with Justice, Interior or Foreign ministers to set up EU’s CT agenda (Kaunert, 2009)....

    [...]

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The Treaty on the European Union (EU) stipulates that one of the key objectives of the Union is to provide citizens with a high level of safety within an Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ) as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: The Treaty on the European Union (EU) stipulates that one of the key objectives of the Union is to provide citizens with a high level of safety within an Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ...

50 citations