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Journal ArticleDOI

Assessing the Expectations and Limitations of ASEAN-EU Counter-Terrorism Cooperation

02 Aug 2020-Journal of Asean Studies (Universitas Bina Nusantara)-Vol. 8, Iss: 1, pp 61-80
TL;DR: In this article, the authors examined the inter-regional security cooperation between ASEAN and the EU with a specific focus on counterterrorism and found that CT cooperation is about facilitating a more comprehensive security governance cooperation where European standards and experience are transferred to Southeast Asia for purposes of regional security and diplomatic relations.
Abstract: This research examines the inter-regional security cooperation between ASEAN and the EU with a specific focus on counterterrorism. The research methods are based on a comparison of regional counterterrorism governance between the two regions and a close reading of Plan of Actions for the enhancement of ASEAN-EU relations documents from 2007 to 2018. The results show that CT cooperation is about facilitating a more comprehensive security governance cooperation where European standards and experience are transferred to Southeast Asia for purposes of regional security and diplomatic relations. In addition, this research also shows that EU-ASEAN CT cooperation has not been geared specifically to combat radicalism, or as part of a Counter Violent Extremism program; rather, the inter-regional cooperation has mainly focused on building a common normative framework in responding to terrorism within the corridor of democracy and preempting the terrorist networks from exploiting connectivity networks. Finally, implementation of security and political cooperation between the EU and ASEAN tend to rely on the existing extra-regional dialogue fora within ASEAN as well as direct engagement between the EU and third parties comprising each of the ASEAN states.

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Journal ArticleDOI
09 Aug 2022
TL;DR: In this article , the authors examined how Pro-IS terrorists exploit loopholes in border and immigration control to join IS abroad and the shortcoming in Indonesian government strategy to counter their mobility, and found that Indonesia needs improvement in human resources, law enforcement, immigration management, border control, as well as cross-border cooperation.
Abstract: Transnational terrorism has been a worldwide challenge, especially after the declaration of Islamic State (IS) that was based in Syria and Iraq in 2014. By 2017, most foreign terrorist fighters (FTFs) from Southeast Asia were Indonesian nationals, of almost 700 individuals. The actual number might be higher as some departed to Syria and other destination countries, like Afghanistan, the Philippines, and India, undetected. The research aimed to examine how Pro-IS terrorists exploit loopholes in border and immigration control to join IS abroad and the shortcoming in Indonesian government strategy to counter their mobility. The novelty of the research rested on its use of Supreme Court’s record of 38 Pro-IS deportees to build a dataset of their profile and travel history from 2016 to 2020. Profile of individual deportee was categorized into demography, affiliation, and funding. Travel history was mapped in accordance with the point of departure in Indonesia, transit country, final destination, and location where the arrest took place- which then led to deportation. The research finds that Indonesia needs improvement in human resources, law enforcement, immigration management, border control, as well as cross-border cooperation.

1 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
20 Jul 2022
TL;DR: Gülzau et al. as discussed by the authors discussed that connectivity enables a regional integration project to be economically sustainable and resilient against external shocks, and that regional integration should facilitate the mobility of welcomed and trusted travellers while concentrating their control resources on those prone to irregular forms of migration.
Abstract: It has been widely discussed in the literature on regionalism that connectivity and mobility are two critical concepts that underpin the deepening of the regional integration project. Connectivity allows increased mobility of ideas, people, and goods, creating a more robust regional community. Connectivity enables a regional integration project to be economically sustainable and resilient against external shocks (Bhattacharyay, 2010). Arguably, regional integration should facilitate the mobility of welcomed and trusted travellers while concentrating their control resources on those prone to ‘irregular’ forms of migration. As a result, regional integration often deepens the establishment or reconfiguration of mobility spaces (Gülzau et al., 2016).
References
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors reviewed the rise of security governance, identified central conceptual, empirical, and normative challenges that need to be addressed, and introduced the individual contributions to this special issue.
Abstract: Security governance has featured prominently in recent debates about fragmentation, informalization, and privatization in the increasingly diverse field of security policy. It has inspired much valuable research. Yet, there are not just very different conceptual understandings of security governance; there is also a lack of clarity regarding its empirical manifestations and normative connotations. After a decade of research, the special issue therefore puts security governance to the test and scrutinizes its analytical and political pitfalls and potentials. This editorial briefly reviews the rise of security governance, identifies central conceptual, empirical, and normative challenges that need to be addressed, and introduces the individual contributions to this special issue.

19 citations

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18 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In the wake of the 2015 and 2016 Paris and Brussels terrorist attacks, the EU has made significant strides in enhancing the external dimension of its counter-terrorism policies, particularly in terms of intelligence sharing, formal and informal diplomacy, and the internal-external nexus of security as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: The renewed emphasis on national political boundaries across Europe would seem to go hand-in-hand with a weaker external personality for the EU However, there are several prominent examples of EU leadership that challenge this notion, from the December 2015 UN climate change agreement to common sanctions again Russia to a new Global Strategy This paper examines a policy area that lies at the intersection of populist outrage and external engagement: counter-terrorism In the wake of the 2015 and 2016 Paris and Brussels terrorist attacks, the EU has made significant strides in enhancing the external dimension of its counter-terrorism policies, particularly in terms of intelligence sharing, formal and informal diplomacy, and the internal–external nexus of security The article argues that major terrorist attacks in 2015–2016 have served as critical junctures of crisis, driving counter-terrorism policies forward and emphasising the notion of European boundaries beyond any functionalist or securitiza

17 citations


"Assessing the Expectations and Limi..." refers background in this paper

  • ...The document also mentions the 2002 Bali Bomb Tragedy as a reference to boost the cooperation between the EU and Southeast Asia (Cross, 2017)....

    [...]

  • ...In the wake of ISIS in 2011, the EU’s response to terrorism was to strengthen its regional boundaries and establish itself as a manager of cooperation in CT with the extraregional entities (Cross, 2017)....

    [...]

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, two opposite hypotheses are tested by trend analysis for the years 1968-2007, using several statistical tools, and the principal conclusions are that terror attacks have not become globalized and even display signs of localization since the 1990s.
Abstract: This study raises two questions: have terror attacks been globalized and if so, is the phenomenon somehow linked with globalization. Two opposite hypotheses are tested by trend analysis for the years 1968–2007, using several statistical tools. The principal conclusions are that terror attacks have not become globalized and even display signs of localization since the 1990s. Furthermore, globalization is not significantly connected, positively or negatively, with transnational terror attack trends.

16 citations


"Assessing the Expectations and Limi..." refers background in this paper

  • ...The changing nature of terrorism takes place as terrorist networks acquire a capacity to create propaganda and attacks with global impacts with cheaper budgets (Goldman, 2011)....

    [...]

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors conduct a critical analysis of whether there is, or could be, an incremental use of cyber in the raising and transfer of terrorism finance, compared against traditional traditi...
Abstract: The objective of this paper is to conduct a critical analysis of whether there is, or could be an incremental use of cyber in the raising and transfer of terrorism finance, compared against traditi...

14 citations


"Assessing the Expectations and Limi..." refers background in this paper

  • ...The introduction of electronic wiring of money, social media and chat applications, and digital currencies expanded the transnational traffic of terrorism financing even further, depending on the need of the organizations (Carroll & Windle, 2018)....

    [...]