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Journal ArticleDOI

Assessing the Expectations and Limitations of ASEAN-EU Counter-Terrorism Cooperation

02 Aug 2020-Journal of Asean Studies (Universitas Bina Nusantara)-Vol. 8, Iss: 1, pp 61-80
TL;DR: In this article, the authors examined the inter-regional security cooperation between ASEAN and the EU with a specific focus on counterterrorism and found that CT cooperation is about facilitating a more comprehensive security governance cooperation where European standards and experience are transferred to Southeast Asia for purposes of regional security and diplomatic relations.
Abstract: This research examines the inter-regional security cooperation between ASEAN and the EU with a specific focus on counterterrorism. The research methods are based on a comparison of regional counterterrorism governance between the two regions and a close reading of Plan of Actions for the enhancement of ASEAN-EU relations documents from 2007 to 2018. The results show that CT cooperation is about facilitating a more comprehensive security governance cooperation where European standards and experience are transferred to Southeast Asia for purposes of regional security and diplomatic relations. In addition, this research also shows that EU-ASEAN CT cooperation has not been geared specifically to combat radicalism, or as part of a Counter Violent Extremism program; rather, the inter-regional cooperation has mainly focused on building a common normative framework in responding to terrorism within the corridor of democracy and preempting the terrorist networks from exploiting connectivity networks. Finally, implementation of security and political cooperation between the EU and ASEAN tend to rely on the existing extra-regional dialogue fora within ASEAN as well as direct engagement between the EU and third parties comprising each of the ASEAN states.

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Journal ArticleDOI
09 Aug 2022
TL;DR: In this article , the authors examined how Pro-IS terrorists exploit loopholes in border and immigration control to join IS abroad and the shortcoming in Indonesian government strategy to counter their mobility, and found that Indonesia needs improvement in human resources, law enforcement, immigration management, border control, as well as cross-border cooperation.
Abstract: Transnational terrorism has been a worldwide challenge, especially after the declaration of Islamic State (IS) that was based in Syria and Iraq in 2014. By 2017, most foreign terrorist fighters (FTFs) from Southeast Asia were Indonesian nationals, of almost 700 individuals. The actual number might be higher as some departed to Syria and other destination countries, like Afghanistan, the Philippines, and India, undetected. The research aimed to examine how Pro-IS terrorists exploit loopholes in border and immigration control to join IS abroad and the shortcoming in Indonesian government strategy to counter their mobility. The novelty of the research rested on its use of Supreme Court’s record of 38 Pro-IS deportees to build a dataset of their profile and travel history from 2016 to 2020. Profile of individual deportee was categorized into demography, affiliation, and funding. Travel history was mapped in accordance with the point of departure in Indonesia, transit country, final destination, and location where the arrest took place- which then led to deportation. The research finds that Indonesia needs improvement in human resources, law enforcement, immigration management, border control, as well as cross-border cooperation.

1 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
20 Jul 2022
TL;DR: Gülzau et al. as discussed by the authors discussed that connectivity enables a regional integration project to be economically sustainable and resilient against external shocks, and that regional integration should facilitate the mobility of welcomed and trusted travellers while concentrating their control resources on those prone to irregular forms of migration.
Abstract: It has been widely discussed in the literature on regionalism that connectivity and mobility are two critical concepts that underpin the deepening of the regional integration project. Connectivity allows increased mobility of ideas, people, and goods, creating a more robust regional community. Connectivity enables a regional integration project to be economically sustainable and resilient against external shocks (Bhattacharyay, 2010). Arguably, regional integration should facilitate the mobility of welcomed and trusted travellers while concentrating their control resources on those prone to ‘irregular’ forms of migration. As a result, regional integration often deepens the establishment or reconfiguration of mobility spaces (Gülzau et al., 2016).
References
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Journal ArticleDOI
Kai He1
09 Oct 2019
TL;DR: The world is experiencing a dramatic transformation as discussed by the authors, and many security challenges, from territorial disputes to climate change, are threatening political stability and economic prosperity in the world, such as Iran's nuclear program.
Abstract: The world is experiencing a dramatic transformation. Many security challenges, from territorial disputes to climate change, are threatening political stability and economic prosperity in the world....

9 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: In the wake of the recent terrorist attacks in Jakarta on 14 January 2016, Indonesian authorities are reportedly planning to rectify the inadequacy of the current counter-terrorism legislation in the fight against ISIS on the domestic front as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: In July 2015, Indonesian authorities reportedly expressed concern over their apparent lack of legal tools to keep Islamists from spreading the extremist ideology of the so-called Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (‘ISIS’) or from staging terror attacks in the country. 1 As a nation whose leadership, until the Bali bombings in October 2002, had long denied the existence of the terrorist group Jemaah Islamiyah (‘JI’) within its territory, Indonesia has continued to face ambivalence over constructing more robust national security legislation and its enforcement. Such ambivalence is a pattern common to most of Southeast Asia because of pre-existing internal strife that has been plaguing these countries for many decades. 3 ‘When [foreign extremists fighting for ISIS] return to their countries ... it is not easy to predict what actions they might conduct’, as General Moeldoko, commanding general of the Indonesian military forces (Tentara Nasional Indonesia (‘TNI’)), told an audience in Singapore in October 2014. In the wake of the recent terrorist attacks in Jakarta on 14 January 2016, Indonesian authorities are reportedly planning to rectify the inadequacy of the current counter-terrorism legislation in the fight against ISIS on the domestic front.

9 citations


"Assessing the Expectations and Limi..." refers background in this paper

  • ...ASEAN aims, at least initially, to produce a common framework of action in the conduct of CT cooperation (Tan & Nasu, 2016).....

    [...]

Journal ArticleDOI
02 May 2018
TL;DR: In this article, a policy brief addresses capacity-building challenges in relation to the implementation of these good practices, by sharing some of the insights and progress made with regard to the capacitybuilding efforts developed by the International Centre for Counter-Terrorism -The Hague (ICCT) on the issue of FTFs in a selection of countries.
Abstract: In recent years, promising steps have been made in identifying, sharing and implementing good practices in dealing with (returning) Foreign (Terrorist) Fighters (FTFs). This policy brief addresses capacity-building challenges in relation to the implementation of these good practices. It aims to do so by sharing some of the insights and progress made with regard to the capacity-building efforts developed by the International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague (ICCT) on the issue of FTFs in a selection of countries. The approach and outcomes of these capacity-building activities are linked to the recommendations in the Global Counterterrorism Forum’s (GCTF) The Hague-Marrakech Memorandum on Good Practices for a More Effective Response to the FTF Phenomenon. Eight insights and recommendations are provided for policy makers and implementers alike, related to organisation, implementation, and monitoring of capacity-building efforts.

6 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors examine three interregional dialogues comprising East Asia, Europe, and Latin America, and find that each inter-regional security agenda reflects specific concerns and different evolving paths, reinforcing the analysis of how security agendas emerge and change, and how their related norms and practices evolve.
Abstract: Interregionalism has been increasingly used to advance cooperation on regional and global security challenges. This study examines three interregional dialogues comprising East Asia, Europe, and Latin America. Each interregional security agenda reflects specific concerns and different evolving paths. Insights from ‘multilateral security governance’ approaches can reinforce the analysis of how security agendas emerge and change, and how their related norms and practices evolve.

6 citations


"Assessing the Expectations and Limi..." refers background in this paper

  • ...Processes of norm-convergence and division of labor in interregional cooperation supplement identity-building process as member regions identify themselves with common framework in responding to issues (Soriano, 2019)....

    [...]