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Patent

Beam shaping and projection imaging with solid state uv gaussian beam to form vias

26 May 2000-

Abstract: A diode-pumped, solid-state laser (52) of a laser system (50) provides ultraviolet Gaussian output (54) that is converted by a diffractive optical element (90) into shaped output (94) having a uniform irradiance profile. A high percentage of the shaped output (94) is focused through an aperture of a mask (98) to provide imaged shaped output (118). The laser system (50) facilitates a method for increasing the throughput of a via drilling process over that available with an analogous clipped Gaussian laser system. This method is particularly advantageous for drilling blind vias (20b) that have better edge, bottom, and taper qualities than those produced by a clipped Gaussian laser system. An alternative laser system (150) employs a pair of beam diverting galvanometer mirrors (152, 154) that directs the Gaussian output around a shaped imaging system (70) that includes a diffractive optical element (90) and a mask (98). Laser system (150) provides a user with the option of using either a Gaussian output or an imaged shaped output (118).
Topics: Laser beam quality (62%), Gaussian beam (60%), Laser (57%), Gaussian (51%), Galvanometer (51%)
Citations
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Patent
19 Dec 2000-
Abstract: An energy-efficient method and system for processing target material such as microstructures in a microscopic region without causing undesirable changes in electrical and/or physical characteristics of material surrounding the target material is provided. The system includes a controller for generating a processing control signal and a signal generator for generating a modulated drive waveform based on the processing control signal. The waveform has a sub-nanosecond rise time. The system also includes a gain-switched, pulsed semiconductor seed laser for generating a laser pulse train at a repetition rate. The drive waveform pumps the laser so that each pulse of the pulse train has a predetermined shape. Further, the system includes a laser amplifier for optically amplifying the pulse train to obtain an amplified pulse train without significantly changing the predetermined shape of the pulses. The amplified pulses have little distortion and have substantially the same relative temporal power distribution as the original pulse train from the laser. Each of the amplified pulses has a substantially square temporal power density distribution, a sharp rise time, a pulse duration and a fall time. The system further includes a beam delivery and focusing subsystem for delivering and focusing at least a portion of the amplified pulse train onto the target material. The rise time (less than about 1 ns) is fast enough to efficiently couple laser energy to the target material, the pulse duration (typically 2-10 ns) is sufficient to process the target material, and the fall time (a few ns) is rapid enough to prevent the undesirable changes to the material surrounding the target material.

234 citations


Patent
25 Jan 2006-
Abstract: A laser beam processing machine comprising a path distribution means for distributing a pulse laser beam oscillated by pulse laser beam oscillation means to a first path and a second path alternately, and one laser beam that passes through one of the paths and is converged by one condensing lens and the other laser beam that passes through the other path and is converged by the condensing lens are applied at different focusing points which have been displaced from each other in the direction of the optical axis, alternately with a time lag between them.

212 citations


Patent
07 Jun 2002-
Abstract: UV laser cutting throughput through silicon and like materials is improved by dividing a long cut path (112) into short segments (122), from about 10 µm to 1 mm. The laser output (32) is scanned within a first short segment (122) for a predetermined number of passes before being moved to and scanned within a second short segment (122) for a predetermined number of passes. The bite size, segment size (126), and segment overlap (136) can be manipulated to minimize the amount and type of trench backfill. Real-time monitoring is employed to reduce rescanning portions of the cut path (112) where the cut is already completed. Polarization direction of the laser output (32) is also correlated with the cutting direction to further enhance throughput. This technique can be employed to cut a variety of materials with a variety of different lasers and wavelengths.

208 citations


Patent
25 Feb 2004-
Abstract: In conducting laser annealing using a CW laser or a quasi-CW laser, productivity is not high as compared with an excimer laser and thus, it is necessary to further enhance productivity. According to the present invention, a fundamental wave is used without putting laser light into a non linear optical element, and laser annealing is conducted by irradiating a semiconductor thin film with pulsed laser light having a high repetition rate. A laser oscillator having a high output power can be used for laser annealing, since a non linear optical element is not used and thus light is not converted to a harmonic. Therefore, the width of a region having large grain crystals that is formed by scanning once can be increased, and thus the productivity can be enhanced dramatically.

188 citations


Patent
15 Jun 2005-
Abstract: It is an object of the present invention to provide a laser irradiation apparatus which can manufacture a homogenously crystallized film by varying the energy intensity of an irradiation beam in forward and backward directions of the irradiation. A laser irradiation apparatus of the present invention comprises a laser oscillator and means for varying beam intensity wherein a laser beam is obliquely incident into the irradiation surface, the laser beam is scanned relative to the irradiation surface, and the beam intensity is varied in accordance with the scanning direction. Further, the laser oscillator is a continuous wave solid-state laser, gas laser, or metal laser. A pulsed laser having a repetition frequency of 10 MHz or more can also be used.

174 citations


References
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PatentDOI
Bryngdahl Olof1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Geometrical image modifications such as coordinate transformations and local translation, inversion, reflection, stretching which require space-variant optical coherent systems are provided by introducing phase filters having a predetermined phase function into optical coherent systems in such a manner that the local phase variations influence light from local object areas. In one embodiment, the object distribution is multiplied by the phase function so that its spectrum at the frequency plane constitutes the desired transformation. In a second embodiment, the aforementioned concept is applied to produce a transformation in an image plane. The phase filters, in a preferred embodiment, comprise computer generated holograms.

306 citations


Patent
Mark D. Owen1, James N. O'brien1Institutions (1)
06 Jul 1995-
Abstract: The output of a continuously pumped, Q-switched, Nd:YAG laser (10) is frequency converted to provide ultraviolet light (62) for forming vias (72, 74) in multi-layered targets (40). The parameters of the output pulses (62) are selected to facilitate substantially clean, simultaneous or sequential drilling or via formation in a wide variety of materials such as metals, organic dielectrics, and reinforcement materials having different thermal absorption characteristics in response to ultraviolet light. These parameters typically include at least two of the following criteria: high average power of greater than about 100 milliwatts measured over the beam spot area, a temporal pulse width shorter than about 100 nanoseconds, a spot diameter of less than about 50 microns, and a repetition rate of greater than about one kilohertz. The laser system (10) and method circumvent conventional depth of cut saturation limitations and can achieve an increased depth of cut per pulse in a target (40) formed of either single- or multi-layered material.

258 citations


Patent
17 May 1996-
Abstract: The output of a continuously pumped, Q-switched, Nd:YAG laser (10) is frequency converted to provide ultraviolet light (62) for forming vias (72, 74) in targets (40) having metallic layers (64,68) and a dielectric layer (66) The invention employs a first laser output of high power density to ablate the metallic layer and a second laser output of a lower power density to ablate the dielectric layer The parameters of the output pulses (62) are selected to facilitate substantially clean, sequential drilling or via formation These parameters typically include at least two of the following criteria: power density first above and then below the ablation threshold of the conductor, wavelength less than 400 nm, a temporal pulse width shorter than about 100 nanoseconds, and a repetition rate of greater than about one kilohertz The ability to generate ultraviolet light output pulses at two power densities facilitates the formation of depthwise self-limiting blind vias in multilayer targets, such as a target composed of a layer dielectric material covered on either surface by a layer of metal

154 citations


Patent
17 Nov 1981-
Abstract: An optical beam homogenizer divides and redirects an incident beam to provide uniform irradiation to a plane surface. The beam homogenizer is particularly useful in an apparatus and method for uniform laser irradiation of materials. The apparatus comprises a laser, a beam homogenizer, and a support for the material being irradiated. Depending on the system parameters, the apparatus is useful for metal hardening, semiconductor annealing, or other materials processing applications.

152 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
15 Mar 1994-Optics Letters
TL;DR: A versatile, rapidly convergent, iterative algorithm is presented for the construction of kinoform phase plates for tailoring the far-field intensity distribution of laser beams that contains more than 95% of the incident energy inside a desired region and is relatively insensitive to beam aberrations.
Abstract: A versatile, rapidly convergent, iterative algorithm is presented for the construction of kinoform phase plates for tailoring the far-field intensity distribution of laser beams The method consists of repeated Fourier transforming between the near-field and the far-field planes with constraints imposed in each plane For application to inertial confinement fusion, the converged far-field pattern contains more than 95% of the incident energy inside a desired region and is relatively insensitive to beam aberrations

134 citations


Performance
Metrics
No. of citations received by the Paper in previous years
YearCitations
20191
201824
20174
20168
20156
201411