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Becoming a Citizen: Reconstruction Era Regulation of African American Marriages

While many Black people regarded slavery as a form of social death, some nineteenth-century white policy-makers extolled the virtues of slaves as a tool to uplift the characters of Africans in America as mentioned in this paper.
While many Black people regarded slavery as a form of social death,' some nineteenth-century white policy-makers extolled the virtues of slavery as a tool to uplift the characters of Africans in America: \"[Slavery in America] has been the lever by which five million human beings have been elevated from the degraded and benighted condition of savage life ... to a knowledge of their responsibilities to God and their relations to society,\"2 observed a Kentucky Congressman in 1860. These sentiments were echoed by abolitionist northern officers not three years later when the institution of marriage was lauded for its civilizing effect on the newly freed men and women: \"[Marriage] is the great lever by which [the freed men and women] are to be lifted up and prepared for a state of civilization. 3

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QUEERING CITIZENSHIP?Same-Sex Marriage and the State

TL;DR: Goodridge v. Department of Public Health (2003) as mentioned in this paper argued that civil marriage anchors an ordered society by encouraging stable relationships over transient ones and is central to the way the Commonwealth identifi es individuals, provides for the orderly distribution of property, ensures that children and adults are cared for and supported whenever possible from private rather than public funds, and tracks important epidemiological and demographic data.
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When Marriage Falls: Queer Coincidences in Straight Time

TL;DR: The authors consider the possibility of a queer theory not necessarily opposed to marriage but with a commitment to both "queer theory" in some sense of the term and a critique of marriage that draws on concerns with its politics of recognition (and disrecognition of the unmarried), the place of marriage in capitalist production, and the inequalities and violences so often found within marriage and so often linked to hierarchies of gender, race, and class.
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The Domesticated Liberty of Lawrence v. Texas

TL;DR: In this article, the authors argue that the limited scope of the Lawrence opinion, as well as the gay community's reaction to it, can be traced to the palimpsestic presence of Bowers in the opinion and in the political organizing that has followed it.
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Act of Will

TL;DR: Act of Will as mentioned in this paper is a play about three generations of beautiful women and their journey from rags to riches, from the bleak Yorkshire Dales to the glamorous world of haute couture.
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Beggars Can't Be Choosers: Compulsion and Contract in Postbellum America

TL;DR: In the late nineteenth century, anyone traveling on foot in an American city was likely to be accosted by a beggar asking for alms. But the question of alms was not so simple.
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Masking Dependency: The Political Role of Family Rhetoric

TL;DR: The authors argues that continued adherence to unrealistic and unrepresentative assumptions about family thwarts society's ability to effectively address persistent problems of poverty and social welfare and obscures the reality that women, whether acting within a nuclear family or as single mothers, largely assume responsibility for dependents.

The Rule of Love

Keith Ward