Abstract: Inverted pavement has been a potential alternative to the conventional flexible pavement structure due to its cost-efficient usage of asphalt, comparable performance and durability. For increasing utilization of the inverted pavements, appropriate structural evaluation is necessary. The Falling Weight Deflectometer (FWD) test has been widely accepted for evaluating the structural condition of conventional pavements through pavement deflection basin parameters (DBPs). As a special type of pavement, inverted pavement relies on the stress-dependence of the unbound stone interlayer to withstand the heavy traffic loads, which typically affects a relatively larger pavement area. So far, there have been few systematic studies on the effectiveness of utilizing FWD to evaluate the structural conditions of inverted pavements. This study used a DBPs-based inverted pavement structure assessment system to assess an inverted pavement constructed in Georgia, USA. A nonlinear stress-dependent finite element model of the inverted pavement coupled with the impulse loading mode was built to simulate the realistic FWD loading process and investigate the effect of layer stiffness on the DBPs evaluation system. Furthermore, a full-scale inverted pavement section in Knoxville, TN, USA, was tested by the FWD method to obtain the corresponding deflection basin parameters. The DBPs data were used to evaluate this practical inverted pavement project based on the aforementioned DBPs-based assessment system. The analysis results show that the DBPs-based pavement evaluation method can provide a quick and comprehensive assessment for each layer in the inverted pavement structure without knowing the detailed properties of the layers. The evaluation results were consistent with the data from the testing vehicle equipped with the laser crack measurement system. Thus, the DBPs-based evaluation system is a promising method to assess the condition of the inverted pavement structures, contributing to the Inverted Pavement Management System (IPMS).