Biodiversity and Conservation: India’s Panoramic View
TL;DR: In this article, the authors have discussed several success stories which highlight the initiatives taken up towards safeguarding and enriching India's rich biodiversity of which two case studies have been discussed in this chapter.
Abstract: India is a mega diverse country and is known for its prodigious biodiversity encompassing varied floral and faunal species, terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems and rich agricultural and genetic diversity. However, factors like hotspots, extinction of species, changes in the climatic conditions, adverse effects of pollution, decline of traditional knowledge and alien invasive species are a threat to India’s Biodiversity. Effective measures have been taken by formulation of legislative and national policies in line with NBSAP (National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plan) stated under the Convention on Biological Diversity. The implementation of these measures is supervised from grass root level to national level to combat the biodiversity loss. There are several success stories which highlight the initiatives taken up towards safeguarding and enriching India’s rich biodiversity of which two case studies have been discussed in this chapter.
Cites background from "Biodiversity and Conservation: Indi..."
...The number of invasive species in varied ecosystems such as in terrestrial ecosystem is 53, aquatic ecosystem (55), agricultural ecosystem (47) and island ecosystem (14) (Kapoor and Usha, 2020)....
...Allelopathic invasion of alien plant species in India and their management strategies: a review....
...United States and the Maritime provinces of Canada Colorado Plateau (USA) arid grassland Rhamnus cathartica Bromus tectorum Carbon content Nitrogen mineralization + _ Woodlands (Quercus alba L., Quercus rubra L. and Tilia Americana L.) Hilaria jamessi Stipa spp. Raizada et al., 2008 Varanasi, India Hyptis suaveolens Soil pH Total inorganic N and N- mineralisation Soil moisture Microbial biomass carbon (MBC) Microbial Biomass Nitrogen (MBN) + + _ _ _ - Afreen et al., 2020 Basel, Switzerland Prunuslauocerasus Soil moisture Metabolic activity of soil microbial community _ + - Rusterholz et al.,2018 Fujairah Emirate, UAE Prosopis juliflora Values of K, N, organic C% and P beneath the canopy EC, Na, HCO3 beneath the canopy + + Arnebia hispidissima Keblawy and Abdelfatah., 2014 Zurich, Switzerland Solidago gigantea Bacterial biomass Fungal biomass Fungal to bacterial ratio _ + + Molinia caerulea , Moench carexpanacea Anthoxanthium oradatum Scharfy et al., 2010 North-east Scotland Mimulus guttatus Total C Total N Soil moisture + + + Riparian plant communities Truscott et al., 2008 Southwest Yunnan Province, China Ageratinaadenophora Soil pH C content N content K content NO3-N,NH4 +-...
...A total of 169 alien species have been reported in varied ecosystems of India (Kapoor and Usha, 2020)....
...Out of all flora present in Indian subcontinent 40% species are alien, in which only 25% are invasive (Singh, 2005)....